“Three billion people can not afford a healthy diet. Two billion are overweight or obese. “And 462 million people are malnourished,” he said.
Healthy food for everyone
At the same time, the Secretary-General added, almost one third of the food produced in the world is lost or thrown away during harvesting, storage and transportation, as well as during marketing and consumption.
“We need to build a world where healthy and nutritious food is available everywhere and to everyone,” Guterres said.
In the next 30 years, the world population will increase by 2 billion people. And to ensure that there is enough food for all the inhabitants of the planet, it is not enough just to increase the volume of its production, because this will cause even greater damage to the health of the population and the planet.
Sustainable food systems
The head of the UN is convinced that it is necessary to create new environmentally friendly food systems. Today, according to him, humanity is at war with nature and is reaping the bitter fruits of this war, losing vast farmland and potential income.
Food systems, which include all activities related to the production, processing, distribution, preparation and consumption of food, represent up to 30 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions. Food production has led to the loss of 80 percent of the planet’s biodiversity.
The Secretary-General is convinced that the transition to new methods of food production and delivery, as well as a change in the basic diet of the world population, can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce rapid global warming.
The head of the UN, like other participants in the summit, proposes to review the existing food systems and set three goals: improving human health, increasing their prosperity and healing the planet.
FirstAccording to the Secretary-General, food systems should contribute to the health and well-being of all people.
“Malnutrition and hunger are not the fault of nature. It is the result of the actions or inactions of each of us. “A nutritious and varied diet is often very expensive or inaccessible,” Guterres said.
He called on government and business representatives to work together to increase access to healthy food, including schools.
A new UNICEF report was presented at the summit, which states that children can not grow normally at the expense of calories alone. Today, only half of children in the world aged 6 to 23 months receive the minimum recommended amount of food during the day and only one third of children receive a diet varied enough for their successful growth.
Secondly, food systems must protect the planet. “Ultimately, the task of feeding the planet’s growing population can be solved without harming the environment. “This requires the introduction of environmentally friendly consumption and production methods and decision-making that takes into account the need to protect nature,” he said.
He urged us to carefully manage our natural resources and to keep in mind the objectives of the Paris Agreement, which is designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions leading to global warming.
UNEP believes that the level of greenhouse gas emissions depends to a large extent on our gastronomic preferences. They suggest changing the diet in favor of a plant-based diet.
UNEP: the meat burger is destroying the planet
And finally third, “We need systems that can support the well-being of not only businesses and shareholders, but also farmers and food workers – that is, the billions of people around the world whose lives depend on this industry,” he said. . “These people who work in the fields are delivering produce to our markets and to our homes,” Guterres said.
He added that food systems account for 10 percent of the global economy. People working in this industry can become a kind of driving force for a fair recovery from the pandemic.
WHO Leader: Healthy eating is the key to good health
The head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, addressed the summit, saying that 11 million people die each year from unhealthy diets. Another 420 thousand people die each year as a result of using expired and low quality products.
According to Dr. Tedros, the food situation has deteriorated during the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, due to quarantine, 370 million children lost their meals at school.
The head of the WHO welcomed the decision taken at today’s summit to form two international coalitions that will work to improve food quality and produce more environmentally friendly.
Criticism of the organizers of the summit
On the eve of the summit, three UN special rapporteurs harshly criticized its organizers, saying it was not at all the “popular summit” as announced, as many non-governmental organizations were deprived of the opportunity to participate in its preparation.
In addition, experts believe that the summit organizers paid little attention to the socio-economic consequences of COVID-19 and the ways out of the crisis.
“The Summit does not make specific proposals to governments or people on how to transform food systems to overcome the current pandemic and crisis,” said the statement issued by the Special Rapporteurs on the right to food, the right to in a healthy environment and the fight against poverty.
These experts fear that the end result of the UN Food Systems Summit will benefit the corporate sector more than ordinary people, workers, small producers, farmers and indigenous peoples.