On March 7, Lent begins, it will last 7 weeks. All these days the fasting people will abstain from milk, meat, eggs, various dairy products. And you can only eat fish twice. You can find out which foods are allowed to be consumed on different fasting days in our infographic calendar.
The principle of the post is very strict. After the unbridled Maslenitsa and the Sunday of Forgiveness, the first days should sit in the water. People are advised to abstain from food only on the first day – Shrove Monday, ie March 7. But the monks will fast strictly for three whole days. And drink only water.
The strictest days of fasting – other than fasting in the water – days of dry eating. And there are many of these days during the biggest post. Three – in each regular week: Monday, Wednesday and Friday. And also the first week of Lent and most of the last.
These strict days, you can eat only thermally unprocessed foods: raw vegetables and fruits, pickles and pickles, nuts, honey.
The exception is bread – although it is baked in the oven, you can eat it, but, of course, lean, without sugar, eggs, milk and vegetable oil in the composition.
Great! Dry eating is the most difficult type of fasting. Therefore, the church recommends asking for the confessor’s blessing for its exploitation. You should also consult your doctor, as there are chronic conditions in which such strict restrictions are not recommended. In any case, we would recommend that you consult a specialist for any changes in diet.
Hot food without oil
From the second week of Lent on Tuesdays and Thursdays, hot food without oil is allowed. And on such days, fasting is easier, the choice of dishes becomes more different. Various soups and cereals are added from cereals, boiled potatoes. Yes, both boiled and cooked hot vegetables saturate and heat much better than raw vegetable salads. Nuts, seeds, bread are also allowed – a high-calorie food that you must comply with.
hot food with butter
Just two days a week, you can add vegetable oil to your food. In the ecclesiastical tradition, it is called oil, and this name can often be seen in the calendars of Lent. The oil can be used on Saturday and Sunday. Then you can fry potatoes, cook carrot or cabbage.
A glass of wine
To maintain the strength of those who fast on the weekend, you can drink a glass of wine only once a day. In addition, it is recommended to dilute this support glass with water. So wine on the weekend is not a way to relax and have a drink at dinner.
Grape wine is also allowed on weekends. But only one glass per meal (which, incidentally, according to the rules, should also be one, at most two for the laity – breakfast and something between lunch and dinner). And it is desirable to dilute this glass with water. It is important to remember that wine is only allowed to maintain the strength of the fasting person and not to make Sunday party more fun.
Some rules, for example, Greek, allow skull dishes – mollusks and marine reptiles. Some traditions equate them with fish, respectively, only Evangelism and Palm Sunday are allowed and some simply equate mollusks with marine plants, do not include them in the category of cold-blooded animals.
How many meals a day
For the common people only two meals are recommended: a daily meal, a cross between breakfast and lunch and an evening meal – dinner. But in monasteries the rules are stricter, monks are only allowed one meal a day.
During the holidays, fasting food may differ slightly.
April 7. Annunciation. This year, the holidays fall on Thursday and you will be able to put fish dishes and hot food with vegetable oil on the table and drink a glass of wine. Fish days are conventionally the “highest step” in the fasting day hierarchy, so all types of fast food are allowed these days, from raw vegetables, fruits, nuts to caviar and fish dishes.
April 16. Lazarus Saturday. Fish caviar can be added to the usual Shabbat meal.
April 17. Palm Sunday. You can eat fish, vegetable oil and drink wine.
Like the first week, the last one is very strict. For the first three days you must follow a dry diet. On Holy Thursday, the faithful remember the Last Supper. According to different rules, there are different recommendations: according to the statute of Mount Athos, hot food with oil and wine is allowed.
April 22 – Good or Good Friday. On this day, they sit on the water until the Vespers of Friday, the culmination of which is the removal of the shroud from the altar in the middle of the temple, where it remains until Saturday night – Office Paschal Midnight.
April 23 -Happy Saturday. Abstinence from food is usually recommended on this day. But some cannons allow hot food. And yet – a glass of wine to maintain strength.
Who should not fast
All fasting rules apply only to healthy and adult fasters. Fasting should not be observed by the sick, young children, pregnant and lactating women, people whose work involves heavy physical work, the elderly, as well as prisoners and travelers. All these groups of Orthodox believers can fast, but with more lenient rules and with the blessing of their confessor. And after consultation with the treating physician, which is mandatory.