Shooting and neutering have no effect: stray dogs have become Russia’s main predators

Homeless animals cause accidents on the roads, prevent birds from nesting, create noise pollution, psychological stress in society

A photograph: Julia PYKALOVA

In Trabaikalia, stray dogs killed a primary school student. The problem has been raging for years, but things are still there, with the possible exception of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Animal rights activists offer peaceful solutions, while their opponents say we must act harder – by shooting and rejecting human ideas.

The correspondent of spoke with “confrontation” of third parties, which is rarely heard – to scientists. We speak with the Associate Professor of the Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology of the Federal University of Kazan, as well as with the Department of Medical and Biological Sciences of the Volga GUFKSiT Candidate of Biological Sciences Elmira Samsuvalieva. Her dissertation for a degree is dedicated to the problem of stray dogs.

A naive question: why are stray dogs dangerous?

There are 48 common infections in humans and dogs. homeless animals withcause road accidents, prevent birds from nesting, create noise pollution, psychological stress in society. In the villages, neglected dogs are hated wildly: they climb barns, catch animals in the pasture. A herd of dogs can bring puppies just to teach them how to hunt. Suffocate the birds – geese, ducks – and they will not even drag their prey.

When an animal disappears from the Red Book, another reserve closes, this is not actively discussed. Although an endangered rare species. The dog is not a rare species, it is oversized. The number of these homeless predators seems to be the highest in Russia today. But they are protected from everything, and we do not protect individuals from the Red Book …

stray dogs start eating other wild animals. The same red book. And if they did not eat, then they survived the territory. Ecologists write a lot about the fact that stray dogs, for example, damage the Losiny Ostrov National Park in the capital. Dogs rob at the Volga-Kama refuge in Tatarstan. Scientists from there have found that stray dogs become less common in those years, as soon as wolves appear. There is a setting. There are even zoologists who believe that it is necessary to increase the population of wolves in the forests to solve the problem of dogs.

Where are they coming from

– Scientists two opposing views. They are constantly discussed.

First. Humans once threw dogs away and continue to breed non-stop. Stray dogs look really exogenous. But there is a counter-argument: a dog can live on the street for two or three years. Then they die either from lack of food or under the wheels of cars. Therefore, they can not reproduce on their own for such a long time.

Second. Breeders, even ordinary people, have overproduction of dogs. There is a slaughter of offspring – it is thrown out en masse, it goes out in the woods, in cottages.

Because they flock and attack people

Living systems tend to form communities. Flocks of birds, herds of ungulates, lions’ arches, families of people. It has nothing to do with aggression. Aggression causes a feeling of hunger.

About shooting and sterilization

Everything that is being done to solve the problem of stray dogs in Russia is fragmentary. We remember the problem when something happens. Animal protection must be based on scientific research. There are many scientists in our country who write dissertations and dedicate their lives to solving the problem of stray dogs. But for some reason we do not rely at all on their opinion and work.

There are scientific papers that say that RTS does not work. The number is increasing again. Direct download is also ineffective The population is recovering even faster.

It is inhumane to shoot, it is impossible to do that in front of people and children. But let’s see human choice: caught. microchip, sterilized and returned to the road. As a result, stray dogs are still on the streets. The children are used to it, they believe that this is the rule – a stray dog ​​wanders in the city. But this is not the rule!

There is a foreign study that says: if 70-80% of privately owned dogs in a country (ie have an owner – ed.) Are neutered, then the number of stray dogs decreases sharply. For comparison, in Kazan there are 14% of neutered dogs.

If we agree with the idea of ​​spaying only stray dogs, then we agree that these animals remain in our cities. But in reality it does not have to be in the first place! Therefore, it is necessary to make sure that there are no dogs on the street, which means that you will not have to spay anyone.

How to solve a problem

The science of ecology tells us that the abundance of an animal in an area is determined by two factors: shelter and food. If we do not want to have stray dogs, then we must deprive them of this. Just two steps are enough to complete and the problem will disappear.

Not only the state but also the local authorities can solve the problem. The common man can also contribute.

This may sound rude to some, but Feeding stray dogs means causing their numbers to increase. People need to be constantly told not to do this.

2. On the issue of shelters, too, the inhabitants of the city can decide on their own without the participation of the state. Garages, construction sites, industrial zones – there is always a guard with wards. This must be abandoned. Until fines are imposed on those who continue to keep dogs to protect such areas.

3. Chipping or mandatory chips for dogs. People have VAT, SNILS, passport. And the dog should have the right to have a document with which it can be identified, returned to the owner. But this problem lies at the intersection of social life and ecology. As for the mandatory microchip, the example is given to a poor grandmother with a small pension who can not afford it.

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