When food is replaced with pills, it is possible to replace food with dietary supplements

Agree, it would be great to have a tablet that contains breakfast, lunch and dinner at the same time: swallow it and you are already full. Scientists dreamed of such a miraculous capsule 100 years ago. It is 2021 and we are still eating regular food. The question arises: when will the future predicted by science fiction writers come about?

Svetlana Korol“title =”Svetlana Korol“/>

Head of UltraNovation R&D Lab, Ideologist, Product Developer at NL International

Nutrition is not only the consumption of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but also a functional ingredient, which, among other things, determines our pace of life, mood, energy and opportunities.

When did you first think of a daily diet capsule?

The idea of ​​a food replacement pill dates back to 1893 at the World’s Fair in Chicago. American author Mary Elizabeth Liz became its author and suggested that it would take 100 years to implement it. Here is what he said: In 1993, food will become completely synthetic and will free women from working in the kitchen. But that, of course, did not happen.

Only in 2013 was the soylent-like invention, introduced by software engineer Rob Rinehart, introduced. It is a soluble powder, which consists of 35 ingredients and contains substances necessary for a person: fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. He tried his product himself, lived with it for several months and monitored his condition.

Photo: unsplash.com/@elsaolofsson

The results were astonishingly impressive: the situation and appearance of the innovator improved significantly. However, the development turned out to be far from a tablet that could contain everything at once: breakfast, lunch and dinner. Why; According to Svetlana Korol, head of R&D at UltraNovation Lab, food exceeds a set of nutrients. Diet is not only the consumption of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but also a functional ingredient that determines the pace of life, mood, energy and opportunities.

Why are pills unlikely to replace food?

Theoretically, it is possible to contain all the nutrients in one capsule. The problem is different: a person needs about 2000 kcal per day, the energy value of which, from a scientific point of view, can not be “packaged” solid. See for yourself: 1 g of protein and carbohydrates – 4 kcal, 1 g of fat – 9 kcal. To get enough, you need to swallow 450 of these tablets a day.

Back in 1936, scientists said that pills would never replace real food. After all, in addition to the main nutrients, there are other chemical compounds, the role of which for health is not fully understood. They are known to be beneficial, but science does not yet know how their lack will affect the body. For example, lycopene, the pigment that gives tomatoes their red color, reduces the risk of prostate cancer. The flavonoids in blackberries also reduce the risk of developing diabetes. It would not be wise to miss these precious substances.

According to nutritionist Tamara Pshennikova, a modern human being already suffers from a lack of nutrients: vitamins, minerals, omega-3 fatty acids. It has been scientifically proven that we do not get more than 5-6% of the daily intake of important nutrients with food. We can only be amazed at the body’s compensatory abilities: how it manages to cope with the daily pressures with all the harmful environmental factors, stress, irregular and unbalanced diet!

<a href=Tamara Pshennikova“title =”Tamara Pshennikova“/>

nutritionist, Freedom International Group expert on Project V

Even dietary supplements, which have become very popular lately, can not replace the usual balanced diet. The body still needs proteins, fats and carbohydrates – this is the main building block, the “bricks” for cells. And dietary supplements, the natural complexes of vitamins and minerals, are just an addition to food.

Will such a capsule appear in the future?

What will happen in 50-100 years is difficult to predict. According to nutritionist Tamara Pshennikova, in the future we expect products with biological certification. Organic products are already in great demand: fruits and vegetables grown without the use of chemicals. animal meat without antibiotics and hormones, farmed entirely on natural feed.

Tamara: I am convinced that these products are the future. But issues of ethics and ecology are pushing scientists to create alternative products. Of course, the health food industry will stimulate their production, trying to increase the amount of useful micro and macro elements.

Photo: unsplash.com/@anshu18

Svetlana Korol, head of R&D UltraNovation, also believes that the trend towards new product development is evident. In addition, the world after COVID-19 has become different. Today, everyone is interested in food for faster replenishment of resources, expansion of adaptive abilities and training of the immune system.

Svetlana: Our diet has changed a lot in recent decades. If in the past the daily calorie content was 4000-6000 kcal with a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals, now it is 1500-2000 kcal. We are seriously short of biologically active substances and it is almost impossible to compensate for them through products. Therefore, the most obvious way is to supplement your diet with plant-based, functional foods rich in vitamins and minerals, which are missing from the modern products supplied by the supermarket.

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