The hypoallergenic diet is a lifeline for people prone to allergic reactions. With its help, it is possible to get rid of allergies completely. What is such a diet plan and what menu should you follow?
Characteristics of a hypoallergenic diet
Allergies are a strong reaction of the immune system, according to an article by a reputable medical source WebMD. It occurs as a result of incorrect definition by the body’s protective cells of substances entering the body as dangerous. An allergic reaction can occur to dust, chemicals, animal hair and insect bites. However, food allergies are the most common.
Allergic reactions to foods high in protein and fat are common. There are often cases of food allergies, the digestion of which requires special enzymes. The body of allergy sufferers does not have time to develop them into a sufficient volume, due to which the food is assimilated completely. According to Dr. Nayana Ambardekar, as a result, there are rashes, swelling, difficulty breathing, gastrointestinal disorders. To avoid side effects, a special diet is prescribed.
What is a hypoallergenic diet? This is a special diet plan that excludes potentially dangerous foods that can cause allergies. In addition to the fact that such a diet prevents negative reactions from the immune system, it allows you to lose extra pounds.
The doctor prescribes a diet for the allergic individually, taking into account products that are contraindicated for the patient. However, there is a general hypoallergenic diet that forbids any food that can cause allergies. About such a diet and will be discussed.
What foods can you eat on a hypoallergenic diet?
The allowed list includes:
- certain types of meat (beef, turkey, rabbit).
- certain dairy products (cottage cheese, natural yogurt, kefir, butter).
- cereals (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, quinoa, amaranth, millet).
- vegetables (cucumber, broccoli, asparagus, white and cauliflower, greens, peas, zucchini, potatoes).
- individual fruits (pears, green apples, plums, gooseberries, white and black currants).
- dried fruit;
- vegetable oils;
- black and green tea, compotes based on dried fruits.
- wholemeal corn, rice bread, yeast-free bread.
What can not be done with a hypoallergenic diet?
According to Divya Seth, the following foods that cause allergies are on the banned list:
- a fish;
- fish caviar;
- duck, chicken, goose, pork and products thereof.
- hard cheeses;
- almost all dairy products.
- smoked meats, spices, canned foods.
- mayonnaise, ketchup, mustard, vinegar.
- nuts of all kinds;
- citrus fruits, berries, vegetables, colored orange and red, as well as melon, pineapple, grapes.
- vegetables with a spicy taste (horseradish, radish, radish).
- chocolate products;
- sweets, pastries;
- cereals (semolina, artek, oatmeal, couscous).
- Wheat and rye flour bakery products;
- coffee, cocoa, purchased juices, carbonated drinks, alcohol.
Principles of hypoallergenic diet
The diet for allergic reactions is based on the following rules:
- Eat small. The number of meals – from 4 to 6.
- Limit salt. Its consumption should not exceed 7 g per day.
- Prefer boiled, cooked, steamed and grilled.
- Drink at least two liters of water a day.
- Check the temperature of the food. Food should not be too hot or cold. Otherwise, there will be irritation of the walls of the gastrointestinal tract, which will increase the risk of pathological processes.
Sample menu for the week
On average, a hypoallergenic diet lasts 20 days. When the patient’s condition improves, the forbidden foods are returned once every three days. Start with the least allergenic. With this approach, in case of worsening of the condition, it is immediately possible to accurately identify the allergen and to exclude it from the diet again.
When compiling a diet, you should be guided by a list of permitted and prohibited foods. We suggest an approximate hypoallergenic diet menu for seven days.
- Breakfast – buckwheat porridge with dried fruits.
- The second breakfast is a baked apple.
- Lunch – vegetable broth soup with meatballs.
- Snack – diet cookies.
- Dinner – a salad of fresh cucumbers, cabbage and herbs with sunflower oil.
- Breakfast – rice porridge with butter.
- The second breakfast is a cucumber salad with roasted turkey fillet, seasoned with olive oil.
- Lunch – steamed rabbit cutlets, cucumber.
- Snack – a glass of kefir.
- Dinner – vinaigrette.
- Breakfast is oatmeal with an apple.
- The second breakfast is a pear.
- Lunch – creamy cauliflower soup.
- Snack – cottage cheese with low fat.
- Dinner – grilled beef cutlets, mashed peas.
- Breakfast – wheat porridge with grilled turkey fillet.
- The second breakfast is a handful of dried fruits.
- Lunch – boiled cabbage with rice.
- Snack – apple and pear salad dressed with natural yogurt.
- Dinner – zucchini in the oven.
- Breakfast is quinoa with beef stew.
- The second breakfast is an apple.
- Lunch – vegetable soup with millet.
- Snack – a sandwich with rice bread and boiled turkey.
- Dinner – grilled asparagus, steamed rabbit meatballs.
- Breakfast is a salad of millet, cauliflower, herbs and olive oil.
- The second breakfast is low fat cottage cheese.
- Lunch – boiled cauliflower and rabbit meat.
- Afternoon – pear.
- Dinner – turkey fillet cooked with spinach.
- Breakfast – boiled rabbit with broccoli and peas.
- The second breakfast is tofu.
- Lunch – cabbage soup from fresh cabbage.
- Snack – freshly squeezed apple juice.
- Dinner – mashed potatoes and zucchini, grilled beef fillet.
The hypoallergenic diet is not very varied. It should be remembered that it is prescribed exclusively for medical purposes and aims to improve the body and detect allergens. After that, you can gradually return to your normal diet.
Caution! The material is for informational purposes only. You should not resort to the methods of treatment described in it without first consulting a doctor.
- Divya Seth, Pavadee Poowutikul, Milind Pansare, Deepak Kamat. Food Allergy: A Review // PubMed. – 2020. – 1 January. – How to access: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31930423/
- Nayana Abardekar. Allergy symptoms // WebMD. – 2020. – 17 June. – Access function: https://www.webmd.com/allergies/allergy-symptoms
- Sudden reaction to a food? It could be an adult allergy. Review // WebMD. – 2022. – 25 February. – Access method: https://www.webmd.com/allergies/news/20220225/sudden-reaction-to-a-food-it-could-be-adult-onset-allergy
Original article: https://www.nur.kz/food/healthy-eating/1806505-gipoallergennaa-dieta-produkty-principy-pitania-menu/