Since the start of the special operation in Ukraine, about five and a half thousand sanctions have been imposed on Russia. Restrictions have affected several sectors, including aviation and bank payments. However, it can not be said that Russia was left with nothing, no matter how much the Western media and domestic liberals try to convince us of this.
Of course, we will not claim that everything is still easy and simple, but to say that Russia has nothing of its own is at least unfair. Let us not forget that our country was the first to invade space and the Niva car became the ancestor of modern SUVs.
There is a view that sanctions should serve as a boost to the revival of domestic industry and science – well, to some extent this is true. We specifically wondered what Russia could offer to replace what was lost, albeit temporarily.
International payment systems Visa and MasterCard recently announced their withdrawal from Russia, and after March 10, cards issued by domestic banks ceased to operate abroad. Also in our country it is no longer possible to pay with mobile phones through Google Pay and Apple Pay. In addition, many Russians have encountered difficulties in paying for Internet services.
However, do not forget that Visa and MasterCard, although international, can not be called the only payment systems. So, for example, the Chinese UnionPay payment system also works in many countries of the world – there are now about 180. And some Russian banks already issue UnionPay cards.
And, of course, we have our own payment system called “MIR”. It is considered national, ie it operates in Russia, however, you can also withdraw money from an ATM and pay for services in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. They are also serviced by individual banks in countries such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, as well as Turkey and Cyprus. You can also use MIR cards in Armenia, Belarus and Kyrgyzstan.
Separately, we add that in Russia there is also an analogue of the international system SWIFT – SFPS (Financial Messaging System).
Anyone who has flown for a vacation abroad or to a Russian resort knows that the most common passenger aircraft are the American Boeing and the French Airbus (by the way, it is pronounced “Airbus” and the French themselves say “Airbus”). Previously, the situation was different: in the USSR and in the early years of post-Soviet Russia, flights were served by domestic aircraft – Il-62, Tu-134 (considered a symbol of Aeroflot comfort), Yak-40, Yak-42 and many more. . The IL-96M can safely be described as quite perfect even by international standards. The only thing that is inferior to the corresponding western ones is the fuel efficiency.
Let’s not forget our “Superjet” – we are talking about the Sukhoi Superjet 100 small-scale aircraft, which has been active since 2011. And it is noteworthy that it is the first civilian aircraft developed in Russia after the collapse of the USSR.
And today, active work is underway for the MS-21 model – mass production could begin this year. Previously, it was postponed several times, but the current situation, in fact, has pushed developers and investors. If we compare the MS-21 with the international ones, then it should take the place of the Boeing 737 MAX, as well as the Airbus A320neo.
The first domestic electric car was invented long before Elon Musk’s famous Tesla in 1889. It was invented by the Russian nobleman Ippolit Romanov, who also developed an electric omnibus (models for 10 and 17 people). Unfortunately, this type of transportation has not been developed in our country – the revolution prevented it.
However, experiments with electric motors continued in the USSR – the first fully electric cars appeared in the late 1940s. Again, unfortunately, things did not go beyond the original and limited use.
In addition, already in the post-Soviet era, the Moskvich factory and the well-known company AvtoVAZ were engaged in electric vehicles. The latter, by the way, has experience in the small-scale production (100 copies) of the Lada Ellada station wagon based in Kalina. Unfortunately, the car did not gain popularity. And in 2016, AvtoVAZ introduced an electric version of the Vesta. On the roads, we have such cars, however, we have not seen them yet.
And yet, let’s not just talk about failures – for 2023, the production of a compact electric car “Kama-1” is planned, created by the NTI Center of SPbPU in collaboration with the concern KamAZ. It is known that the tests have already been completed and the car may well be a good choice for the city.
Lipetsk also has its own daring project called Evolute – based on a dormant factory, it plans to organize the production of electric vehicles with different body types and investment levels. And everything seems quite serious: apart from the construction company, the parties to the contract were the municipality of Lipetsk region and the federal Ministry of Industry and Trade.
But KAMAZ-5325-based electric trucks called Moskva have been successfully serving one of Russia’s largest retail chains for several years.
In early March, State Duma deputy Maria Butina presented “our response to Western iPhones” – the Russian smartphone AYYA T1 from Rostec Corporation. Of course, we will not make loud statements bordering on advertising, but we will just talk about the home gadget.
Let’s make a reservation right away that there are actually a lot more Russian-made smartphones – as a rule, these are economical, but quite good models in the Android operating system. But it’s Rostekhov AYYA that differs from them in that it will soon run on a home operating system called Aurora.
By the way, it came out in December last year and can now be easily found in online stores in the range of 18-25 thousand rubles. It supports the modern 4G LTE communication standard, as well as wireless interfaces Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and NFC (contactless payment system). And by the way, impartial users who do not raise their noses, barely hearing “made in Russia”, note that the smartphone is very promising.
It is true that there are two shades. The first is its overpriced cost for existing features. And the second is that you need to create your own applications for the home operating system. However, if Aurora becomes widespread, it will not be a problem for developers to introduce integration – after all, there are their own versions of apps for iOS and Android.
And finally, we add: despite the fact that the verb “google” has long been used for Internet search, Russian users often prefer Yandex. And Telegram messenger, both in popularity and convenience, has long surpassed both WhatsApp and, especially, Viber. All we have to do is finally remember the RuTube video hosting.