Caring for nature is, first of all, a tribute to itself – “Ingushetia” – online newspaper

Otherwise, it could not be. “The geography of a people is always a symbolic expression of the soul of a people,” wrote the philosopher N. Berdyaev, supporting this idea. Understanding the inseparable relationship with their habitat, the mountaineers took care of the surrounding nature: they cut down the forest, they regret it, realizing that it should be used not only as a source of warmth and comfort, but also protected for future generations.

“He took care of the tree for firewood earlier,” recalls Khusein Kharsiev, born in 1929. “They chose only what was crooked, dry, with a large cavity. And they hunted only at a time when the young animals of the forest no longer needed parental care.

The ancestors perceived their natural habitat as a natural state of their world order, taking care of the rational use of natural resources, their preservation and development.

As the well-known author Isa Kodzoev recalls in one of his programs, the elderly taught children from an early age to treat natural gifts with care. So when they picked the herbs, they explained that they should not be uprooted, cut with a knife to continue to benefit people. If a path had already been traversed in the forest, either in the field or in the yard, it was impossible to leave it to tread the grass as little as possible. The children learned not to pluck grass, which is equivalent to a pulled tuft of hair, etc. The hunters had the same careful attitude towards the animals.

“They developed some specialization in their art, including a sparing attitude towards wild animals. Uncontrolled hunting of animals was not allowed. There was a ban on hunting animals when raising offspring. Mining was regulated on the basis of reasonable needs, objectively necessary and sufficient to maintain a normal life. They hunted mainly those species of animals that were bulky, large and more accessible. No matter how many people were in the hunting team, more than 3-4 animals could not be killed. Thus, deer hunting was allowed only in the month “sai 1ha boot” (the month when deer trumpet), ie in October. The deer at that time had gotten better. There were also some groves where hunting was completely forbidden. “She was not allowed to touch a pregnant animal,” wrote Zeynep Jarakhova, Ph.D., in her research.

According to the stories of Lyuba Kaloeva, who was born in 1929, according to old legends, when the garbage was burned, it was necessary to say three times out loud: “All living things, leave this place for a while”. It may seem like an echo of paganism, but it is also a kind of protection of the environment, in this case, of living beings. It was impossible to catch and make fun of frogs, to break an anthill, according to legend, this was punished by heavy rainfall.

There was also such an interesting parable that spoke of the cowardice of those who shot the birds. “It is said that once the king of beasts asked the eagle, ‘Are you afraid to fly so openly over humans?’ To which the eagle replied: “No man will shoot at me, nor will any man strike.”

I remember Grandma Eset Shuturova saying that it is forbidden to wash clothes in rivers and tanks so as not to contaminate the water. It was necessary to collect it in a container and wash it no closer than 4-5 meters and then drain it there. The water, passing through the ground, was thus purified. The same should be done during washing, and in the case of hand washing and bathing. For the latter purposes, places were given away from the settlement – both for ethical reasons and in terms of water protection.

Our ancestors also regulated the grazing of animals in the pastures so that they would not turn into deserts. There are many such examples, but it is already clear that even in ancient times people cared about the rational use of natural resources, for their preservation and growth. These were the first weak attempts to balance the use of natural resources and restore them for future generations.

The Islamic idea of ​​nature and man also has a sacred character, because both man and nature are creations of the Almighty. In Islam, man is responsible for maintaining the purity and beauty of nature. Islam condemns owners who for any reason do not cultivate their land and at the same time do not give it to anyone.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that water, pastures and salt are common, he considered it a sin to curse natural phenomena: “Do not rebuke nature, because it obeys the Lord.” The Qur’an also states that God created the heavens, the earth, and the animals to benefit humans. It is the duty of every human being to protect the earth and to use its benefits in proportion.

The Prophet and his followers inspired people to care for and love animals, which facilitated their work. It is considered a responsible sin to hit an animal. Any kind of treatment of animals that does not meet their purpose is prohibited. For example, you can not ride a cow or put a load on its back. It is necessary to take care of good food and clean keeping of animals, especially horses. It is not allowed to cut off any part of the body of a living animal. It is also forbidden to shoot an animal.

It is not allowed to approach at night the place chosen by the birds for rest. It is forbidden to organize spectacles from the bird and animal race. It is also impossible to remove feathers from a bird before it is slaughtered (killed for food or as a sacrifice).

Our religion forbids irrational aggression against our younger brothers. An authentic hadith tells how Allah rebuked one of his prophets, despite the fact that the prophets have a particularly elevated position before Allah. This story is about how Allah rebuked one of His prophets for burning an anthill because of an ant that bit him.

In the collection “As-Sahih” by Imam al-Bukhari, according to Abu Hurairah (may Allaah be pleased with him), it is narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: One day the prophets stopped for a moment under a tree, and were bitten by an ant, then ordered to have their equipment removed, and when they took him out from under the tree, he ordered the house of this ant to be burned at the stake. And Allah inspired him in the Revelation: “Was it not just an ant?” Justice says that the innocent should not suffer for the guilty. Only one ant attacked this prophet, and if he needed punishment, then it would be better to punish only one, without touching the others. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us that it is our legitimate right to defend ourselves against the people and animals that attack us. But the destruction of all the ants by fire in this case has nothing to do with justice.

Sacrifice has a special place in Islam, the meaning of which is not to kill an animal, but to donate part of its property to the hungry. According to the teachings of Islam, on the Day of Judgment, a sparrow will rebuke a person: “Lord, he killed me in vain, to no avail!”

It is forbidden, according to Islam, to cut one animal in the presence of another animal. Do not sharpen a knife or other tool used for slaughter in the presence of an animal. You can not cut the animal with a blunt knife, bringing it extra hassle.

It is a grave sin to throw any animal into the fire, even if it is a flea, mosquito or other small insect. There is a legend that some followers of Muhammad put bells on their feet so that the little creatures, having heard the bell, moved away and did not fall under their feet. Thus, Islam, like most other religions, seeks to protect the environment.

Nevertheless, with the development of technological progress, humanity is causing enormous damage to nature. From the beginning of the 20th century it became clear that it was necessary to take special and effective measures for the protection of nature. The problem of the impoverishment of the Earth is growing every time.

For example, 100 billion tons of minerals are withdrawn from the Earth’s gutters each year, of which more than 90% goes to waste. More than 40% of the rainforest has been destroyed. Its logging continues at a speed of over 20 hectares per minute! Nearly 1,000 species of animals and 25,000 species of plants are now threatened with extinction. Mankind, having accumulated unheard of technical power, is engaged in self-destruction. This means that the cause of nature conservation, like the cause of peace, concerns both the state and each of us.

In Ingushetia, under state protection, there is a nature reserve “Erzi”, which began operating in 1993. It is a unique area with a peculiar natural, mountainous landscape and historical and cultural values. There are about 119 species of animals, more than 340 herbs, including those listed in the Red Book.

Unfortunately, the descendants of their ancestors are not so sparing with natural values. The massive visit to mountainous Ingushetia became disastrous. On the one hand, it is good when the descendants awaken a national identity, a desire to know their history, the cradle of the Ingush people. On the other hand, these are remnants of fires and rubbish under age-old pines, these are polluted riverbeds, the most valuable water sources – springs.

It is time to think about this for everyone, and not just for the state reserve by the nature of its activity. We are happy with the actions, the raids to clean up the territory of their ancestral village and only the banks of the rivers that are taking place lately. But even that is not enough. Now, if everyone thinks about how much your contribution to nature care is, then it is already invaluable. In addition, caring for the world around us is a tribute to oneself, since man is part of nature.

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