The North Caucasus republics are leading the way in unemployment and locals are dreaming of a salary of 40,000.
The highest unemployment rate in 2021 among the regions is in Ingushetia. It was 30%, which is seven times higher than the national average. Second and third place in the list were occupied by Dagestan (13.8%) and North Ossetia (12%), Chechnya was in fifth place (11%). Such data is provided by Rosstat. The Federal District of the North Caucasus leads among the rest with 11% of the officially unemployed inhabitants. In the Federal District of the Far East, which follows the Federal District of the North Caucasus in this index, the unemployment rate is 5.4%. The only region in the Caucasus where the unemployment rate is comparable to the Russian average is the Stavropol Territory, where it is officially 4.8%.
In the RIA Novosti study, which analyzes unemployment in Russia for the last quarter of 2021, the figures are about the same. The last, 85th place of his score went to Ingushetia – there the unemployment rate reached 30%. Next down was Dagestan with 12.1%. Chechnya ranked 82nd in the ranking – 10.9% of the unemployed population, Karachay-Cherkessia in 79th place with an index of 10.1% and Kabardino-Balkaria in 78th place (9.6%).
They also calculated how long it took a job seeker to find a job.
In Ingushetia, as it turned out, they spend the least time on it – an average of 6.9 months. In Chechnya, 7.7 months are spent looking for work, in Kabardino-Balkaria – 9.7, in Dagestan – 9.9, in North Ossetia – 11.7, in Karachay-Cherkessia – 12.6 months.
The rates of registered unemployment and unemployment set by international standards are very different, says Natalya Zubarevich, an expert in the field of socio-economic development of the regions. Both the first and the second indicator, in her opinion, do not reflect the real situation.
It is difficult to say anything about Dagestan – the indicators are devalued there
“Registered unemployment is the amount of money paid for benefits. According to the methodology of the International Labor Organization, the unemployment rate can be detected more reliably, because surveys are conducted there, not really,” said Zubarevich.
Unemployment in Dagestan, according to Zubarevich, is 3.3%, and according to the methodology of the International Labor Organization – 13.6%.
“People were asked, ‘Did you work?’ Are you looking for a job? Are you ready to start working? “So the unemployed are the ones who are ready and looking, but not working,” Zubarevich said.
In the territory of Stavroupoli, according to her, the unemployment situation is better, because there is no such increase in population as in democracies and the economy is better developed.
Unemployment figures do not reflect the labor market situation, as it is impossible to find specialists for many vacancies, according to economist Mair Pashayev.
“Some positions are now redundant and for some there is a severe shortage of staff. Business executives complain that they can not find a foreman, a shop assistant, a foreman, a foreman who is responsible for specific tasks and indicators. Entrepreneurs say there are no middle managers. “We are ready to pay 50-60 thousand, according to Dagestan standards, this is a very good salary, but there are no trained people,” Pasayev said.
It links the lack of staff in managerial positions with the distortion of the education system and the lack of motivation for learning.
We had a bad situation in the 90’s, there was no motivation to get a good education and make a career. Not even now
“There are no qualitative changes in any of the sectors – neither in the economy, nor in education. There has been a forced leap in medicine: they have added funding for coronavirus. There are changes that are not related to Covid: sectors that were not there before. “A new modern technology. We had a bad situation in the 1990s, there was no incentive for good education and a career. And now it does not exist,” Pashayev said.
The balance does not match
Unemployment is affected by the population growth balance and the job creation and output balance, says economist Fadik Mugulov..
“The retirement of jobs in our country precedes their creation. In the last five years, it has risen to 30 to 40 thousand. The creation of new businesses lags behind in terms of bankruptcies,” Mugulov said.
In his opinion, unemployment statistics are manipulated, adjusted to the desired size.
“In Dagestan, the number of workers has increased dramatically by hundreds of thousands. It can not change that much in one year,” Mugulov said.
The economy of the citizens of the Federal District of the North Caucasus is recovering after the fall in productivity due to the coronavirus last year and the employment situation is improving, according to the job search service HeadHunter. The number of applicants for positions in the regions of the Federal District of the North Caucasus is decreasing.
Now, on average, four candidates apply for a vacancy, while a year ago seven candidates applied for a vacancy
“One of the main trends in the labor market last year, which we also see in the Federal District of the North Caucasus, is the increased competition. Now, on average, four candidates are applying for a vacancy, while a year ago, an average of seven in the North Caucasus Federal District competed for a vacancy. “This ratio of CVs and vacancies shows a lack of specialists,” said HeadHunter.
According to the service, the people of Dagestan have the highest wage expectations in the Federal District of the North Caucasus. There, applicants apply for an average of 39.3 thousand rubles a month. At the same time, according to a study by the Civil Society Development Fund, the lowest wages in Russia are in Chechnya – 30 thousand, in Dagestan – 32.3 thousand, in Kabardino-Balkaria – 32.6 thousand and in Ingushetia – 35, 1 thousand.