Nature as a tool of architecture – Perspective of Moscow

City view, Places, News
Issue #, March 1-7, 2022

The environmental part of the project, even if not very extensive, usually involves significant costs. This is due to the use of energy saving technologies, water consumption and the purchase of advanced mechanical equipment and materials. However, in a competitive market, many customers have a demand for “green” construction: every owner wants to see his object modern, fluid, interesting.

One of the clearest examples of how the “green” element was considered an important semantic part already at the design stage is the HPP-2 building on Bolotnaya Square in Moscow, which opened after a global reconstruction. The old thermal power plant in the city center has long since ceased to be used for its intended purpose. Huge spaces were remodeled and a community center opened in it. The space already functions as a House of Culture, where exhibitions, discussions, TV shootings, art workshops, a library, cafes and restaurants take place. According to the idea of ​​the authors of the project, the Renzo Piano Building Workshop (RPBW), one of the walls of the building became transparent. Six years ago, presenting the project at the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, Antonio Belvedere, head and partner of RPBW, explained his idea as follows: “A birch grove must ‘enter’ through the glass inside the former industrial facility. . become part of it, reminding the absolute value of nature “. A simple thought – nature is eternal, everything else is temporary – is expressed in a technique that required planting a real birch grove in the city center. And if in the presentation of the work the idea seemed somewhat utopian, now it seems in reality.

The nuclear power kiosk in the framework of the UNK project with a total area of ​​15,000 sq.m. meters is manufactured at VDNKh. The building was commissioned by state-owned Rosatom. The item should display technologies aimed at the future. The cubic structure will be transparent, consisting of several levels, including the basement. According to the head of the office, Yuliy Borisov, the style of the building is a kind of reference, a tribute to the “glass pieces” of the 1970s, but taking into account modern approaches. Based on the environmental and operational requirements, the project authors offered the clients a fully exploitable “green” roof. It will house a café and an observation deck. This technique allows you to maximize site usage.

The Prime Park office tower with green terraces will appear on Leningradsky Avenue. Its construction is planned to be completed by the end of 2023. The estimated start date for the construction of the tower is the middle or the end of next year. The total area of ​​the building will be 22 thousand square meters. meters, commented on the plans for the project in Optima Development. The project was developed by the British architectural firm Dyer. According to the project, landscaped terraces will be open. The height of the building will be 19 floors, including technical and basement.

The old orchard is part of a residential development project along the Ramenka River. It will be a tribute to the history of the place: there used to be many gardens in this part of town. Such a solution as part of the development of three residential complexes – “Lights”, “River” and “Event” – with an area of ​​24 hectares in Ramenki, was offered to the developer by the architectural firm Wowhouse, known in Moscow. for Gorky Park, Krymskaya Embankment and Muzeon. The total park area of ​​the residential complex “Event” will occupy 60% of the building area. The Ramenka embankment will be landscaped and a 1.5 km hiking trail will be organized along the river with kiosks with information about the park’s plants. In addition to the existing, 323 trees, 8,500 shrubs, 17,000 square meters will be on the lawns. Following the trend towards the conservation of biodiversity, the manufacturer took care of rare plants and habitats in the park. The company will maintain existing habitats inhabited by rare bird species, will restore plants that have been lost in the Red Book. Andrey Bagaev, a spokesman for Don-Stroy, head of the business development area, points out that many aspects of eco-development associated with companies are related to energy efficiency technologies, design taking into account international certification, domestic GREEN ZOOM standardization. In practice, in the company’s work, this is converted into rainwater collection and use for irrigation, increase of green spaces around buildings, roof greening and purchase of additional capacities for the installation of charging stations for electric vehicles.

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