Like today, March 30, 1955, the Doctor of Historical Sciences M.S. Vysokov

MS Vysokov, Doctor of Historical Sciences. Photo:

Mikhail Stanislavovich Vysokov – Doctor of Historical Sciences, participant and head of scientific missions around Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. From 1998 to 2011 he worked as the director of the Institute of History, Sociology and Administration, head of the Department of Russian History. Vysokov is the founder of the scientific journal “Local History Bulletin: Problems of the History of Sakhalin, the Kuriles and Adjacent Territories”. Founder and compiler of a series of collections “Ethnographic Studies of the Sakhalin Regional Museum of Local Peace”, “Russia and the island world of the Pacific Ocean”, reports IA SakhalinMedia.

Doctor of Historical Sciences. He was born in the village of Vakhrushev, in the Poronai region, in the Sakhalin region. In 1977 he graduated from the history department of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk State Pedagogical Institute (now Sakhalin State University). He worked as a history teacher at a secondary school in the village of Porechye, in the Uglegorsk region, Sakhalin region, and was an employee of the Sakhalin Regional Museum of Local Peace. In 1987, based on the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Far Eastern Peoples of the Far East Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Vladivostok), he defended his dissertation on the History of the Post and Telegraph in the Far East of Russia. of the 17th – early 20th century) “for the degree of candidate of historical sciences.

In 1990, Mikhail Stanislavovich founded and led the scientific journal “Local History Bulletin: Problems of the History of Sakhalin, the Kuriles and Adjacent Territories” (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 1990-2005).

In 1991-1997 he was the head of the Documentation Center for the Modern History of Sakhalin. In 1998, Vysokov headed the Institute of History, Sociology and Administration of Sakhalin State University, advocating the idea of ​​organizing and holding a regular scientific and practical history conference “Ryzhkov Readings” in memory of historian Sakhalin AN.

In 2005, based on the Department of Russian History of the Russian State University under the name AI Herzen (St. Petersburg) Vysokov defended his dissertation “The Russian Empire on the Ways of Modernization: the Origin and Development of Telecommunications in the 19th – Early 20th Centuries “, he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences.

From 2006 to 2011 – Professor at the Department of Russian History at Sakhalin State University.

After leaving Sakhalin, Mikhail Stanislavovich worked as a senior researcher at the All-Russian Research Institute of Documentation and Archiving (Moscow, 2011-2014).

Since 2015 he is the head of the working group for the preparation of scientific commentary for the book of A.I. Solzhenitsyn “Gulag Archipelago” (Moscow).

LADY. Vysokov is the author of more than two hundred scholarly works (including more than twenty books) on the history of the Sakhalin region, published in Russia, Japan, the United States, Poland, and the Republic of Korea. One of the creators of the textbook “History of the Sakhalin region” (2008).

Also on this day

In 1913 N.I. was born. Belyaev, party, financial worker, local historian

Nikolai Ivanovich Belyaev was born in Rodniki, Ivanovo Oblast. After graduating from the Tomsk Industrial Institute, he became an engineer and headed a large company in the Orenburg region. In 1952 he was sent to the area of ​​Sakhalin. He worked as secretary, second secretary of the party’s regional committee and from 1958 until his retirement (1976) – deputy, first vice-chairman of the regional executive committee Sakhalin, chairman of the regional planning committee. He was a good organizer in all areas of economic and party work. His knowledge and experience had a significant impact on the development of the economy of Sakhalin and the Kurils in the 60s-70s.

For the advantages in the development of the national economy of the Sakhalin Region NI Belyaev was honored with three medals of the Red Banner of Labor and five medals. He was elected a Member of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, and for many years was a Member of the Regional Soviet.

Nikolai Ivanovich Belyaev made a significant contribution to the local history of Sakhalin. In 1990-1991 he published the memoirs “Encryption by Stalin”, “The Secret Order of Khrushchev”, “Special Mission of the Center”, “The Enigma of Leonov” in the pages of the newspaper “Soviet Sakhalin”. Thanks to these publications, unique materials on the history of Sakhalin and the Kurils in 1950-1960 were published in the scientific circulation. N.I. died Belyaev October 26, 1995

On this day

In 1988, the Poronaisky Nature Reserve was established in Sakhalin.

State Natural Reserve of Federal Importance “Poronaisky”, Sakhalin. Photo:

The Poronaisky State Natural Reserve was established by decree of the RSFSR Council of Ministers on March 30, 1988. It is located in the Poronai region, in the eastern part of Sakhalin Island in the most extensive part of Tym – the Poronai Plain and the southernmost part of the central mountain range. of the mountains of eastern Sakhalin. It consists of two parts – Nevsky and Vladimirsky. The total area of ​​the reserve is 56.7 thousand hectares, which is 7.8% of the area and 0.65% of the Sakhalin area.

The length of the reserve limits on land is about 60 km, on water – 300 km. The reserve is located in the distribution area of ​​dark coniferous forests dominated by spruce. The fauna of the forest part of the reserve is dominated by taiga species with the addition of forms characteristic of the broad-leaved forests of Primorye. Birds of the sea colonize nest on the rocks: petite mulberry, gull with black tail, spectacled glasses, big and small, old man, white belly and more. A large bird market is located in Cape Patience. The following species are included in the Red Book of Russia: Sakhalin deer, Aleutian sternum, mandarin duck, white-tailed deer, Steller’s sea eagle, osprey, mallard, peregrine falcon. Economically valuable species include reindeer, sable, otter, brown bear living in the shelter.

In order to reduce the negative effects on the natural complexes of the reserve, a neutral zone has been created around it. The main goal of the Poronai shelter is to preserve the natural reference landscapes that are characteristic of the middle of Sakhalin. Recently, the issue of extending the boundaries of the specially protected area of ​​the Poronaisky shelter was raised. The reserve has experience in conducting ecological educational tourism. This type of tourism allows you to reflect on nature without affecting it, it makes it possible to meet the inhabitants of the shelter, from within to monitor the relations in the ecosystems.


Calendar of important and memorable dates in the Sakhalin region for 2020 / GBUK “Sakhalin Regional Universal Scientific Library”. συνθ. ES Dorovskikh. – Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 2019.

See: In memory of a friend: [некролог] // Tips. Sakhalin. – 1995; Kolesnikov NI On the 80th anniversary of the birth of II Belyaev // Local historian, bul. – Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 1993.

See: On the creation of the state reserve “Poronaysky” by the Chief Hunter of the RSFSR in the Sakhalin region: Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR of March 30, 1988 No. 1 0 7 // Collection. Decrees of the RSFSR Government. – 1988; Reserve “Poronaisky” / GT Korshunov, GA Voronov, AM Basarukin, AK Klitin // Vestn. Sakhalin, museum. – Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 1996. State Natural Reserve of Federal Importance “Poronaisky” // Report on the state and protection of the environment of Sakhalin, region. in 2004 – Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 2005. Safonov Ya. Is not it time to reconsider the limits of the reserve ?: a question for discussion // Council. Sakhalin. – 2005.

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