Many of those who like to party with a variety of alcohol have experienced a hangover. Someone manages to survive them without consequences, but most experience headaches, nausea and other ailments. Why do they appear and how to get rid of the unpleasant effects of alcohol?
The hangover and its symptoms
What is a hangover? Dan Brennan, MD, defines hangover as an unpleasant physical symptom that occurs the day after excessive alcohol consumption. Diseases can last for 24 hours and usually peak when blood alcohol levels drop to almost zero.
How does the hangover manifest itself? Here are the most common symptoms:
- motion sickness;
- stomach upset?
- weakness and fatigue;
- sleep and appetite disorders.
- inability to concentrate.
Each symptom is caused by specific causes. Sabrina Felson, MD, writes:
- Alcohol consumption dilates blood vessels, which causes headaches.
- Alcohol irritates the gastric mucosa, leading to vomiting and diarrhea.
- Ethanol, which is contained in alcohol, causes increased diuresis, which leads to dehydration, dry mouth and fatigue.
- The liver does not have time to convert ethanol to acetic acid, which is excreted by the body. The breakdown products of alcohol (acetaldehyde) accumulate in the liver. This substance is more toxic than ethanol itself, so increasing its concentration leads to intoxication. The manifestation of intoxication is nausea and vomiting, weakness, fever and arrhythmia.
- Under the influence of alcohol, fluids are not properly distributed in the body. It is not enough in the vessels, which manifests itself as dehydration, but swelling (accumulation of fluid in the soft tissues) can be observed.
- Nausea is caused by an increase in acidity in the body. The acid is made more due to the fact that the products of alcohol processing are acidic. Remaining in the body, they help increase acidity.
The hangover manifests itself as a consequence of intoxication, which is exacerbated by other harmful additives in alcoholic products. Thus, zinc and sweeteners make the use of strong drinks easy and enjoyable, and the consequences – heavy and painful. In low-quality strong drinks, dyes are used to create a darker hue, which increases intoxication.
The effect of the hangover is exacerbated by tannins and sugar in the composition of beverages. In small quantities, the content of tannins in the products protects the gastric mucosa and in excessive quantities causes upset and slows down digestion. Because of this, hangover symptoms can last longer. Drinking alcohol on an empty stomach, smoking cigarettes, hookah will aggravate the negative manifestations.
In the development of hangover syndrome, an important role is played by the fact that a large amount of alcohol contributes to the excretion of magnesium by the body. Deficiency of this element leads to the fact that calcium begins to penetrate into the cells, causing nervous excitement. Consequence of this imbalance is headache, arrhythmia, chills.
How to get rid of the hangover
Professor Joris S Verster writes that the search for a cure for alcohol hangover is as old as alcohol itself. But even today, most treatments do not eliminate the hangover weight. Some compounds reduce some of the symptoms, such as vomiting and headache, but are not effective in reducing other common hangover symptoms, such as drowsiness and fatigue. Hangover drugs provide a positive effect that speed up the metabolism of alcohol and the removal of its degradation products from the body.
How to deal with a hangover? Follow these instructions:
- Drink plenty of water. Because alcohol dehydrates, it is important to restore fluid balance. Drinking a large cup of water before bed can help relieve the symptoms of a hangover in the morning.
- Take painkillers. This will help you deal with the headaches.
- Take antitoxic drugs, absorbents. They will help remove some of the toxins from the body.
- Eat healthy, light and nutritious foods that are gentle on the stomach and digest well (chicken broth, lean meats, dairy products). Food will help to normalize your blood glucose levels, which fall sharply from the drink.
- Get as much sleep as possible. Sleep helps to restore strength. During sleep, the body continues to process ethanol.
From the “improvisations” in the fight against hangover, fruit juice, green tea with honey, kefir will help. You can drink a decoction of ginseng, which improves metabolism and has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system.
How long does a hangover last? Hangover symptoms last an average of 24 hours. They can go faster or take longer. It all depends on the amount and type of drink, as well as the individual characteristics of the body. Symptoms peak when the concentration of alcohol in the body drops to zero.
To avoid a hangover or to make its symptoms less noticeable, follow these tips:
- do not drink on an empty stomach.
- drink water with alcohol.
- choose light drinks.
- do not drink more than one type of drink per hour.
- have a drink before the party starts.
Hangover can be completely avoided only by refusing alcohol or by limiting its use (150 ml per day). In other cases, the events will be felt to a greater or lesser degree.
Hangover occurs as the body reacts to excessive alcohol consumption. This leads to nausea, headaches, arrhythmias, weakness and other disorders. Take steps in advance to reduce the negative effects of alcohol, use the advice of experts to restore the body after consumption. Combining preventative measures with therapeutic ones, it will be easier to survive a noisy party and keep pleasant memories of it.
Caution! The material is for informational purposes only. You should not resort to the methods of treatment described in it without first consulting a doctor.
- Dan Brennan. Hangover: Remedies and Treatments // WebMD. – 2020. – 19 November. – Access function: https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/hangover-remedies-treatments
- Joris C. Verster. Treatment and prevention of hangover from alcohol // PubMeD. – 2010. – 3 (2). – How to access: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20712594/
- Minesh Khatri. Hangover Guide // WebMD. – 2021. – 20 May. – Access function: https://www.webmd.com/balance/ss/slideshow-hangover-effects-treatment
- Sabrina Felson. Is there a cure for Hangover? // webmd. – 2021. – 09 December. – Access function: https://www.webmd.com/balance/hangover-cure
Original article: https://www.nur.kz/health/medical-conditions/1817231-pohmele-cto-eto-takoe-s-naucnoj-tocki-zrenia-i-kak-ot-nego-izbavitsa/