“We have no idea what ‘s going on in our stomachs until the first alarm signals – pain, heaviness, digestive problems,” says Dr. Peter. Then we go to a gastroenterologist and very often we learn with sadness that over the years we have “acquired” health problems, from which a strict diet, long-term treatment or even a serious operation will help you get rid of.
But if you think about it – in many cases, the development of the disease could have been avoided, simply by not succumbing to the influence of unhealthy habits. Which of these destroys our stomach day by day? Said the gastroenterologist.
Alexandra Yakovleva is a gastroenterologist, pathologist, hepatologist at the SM-Clinic in St. Petersburg.
Everyone knows the dangers of alcohol. Alcohol “hits” both the liver and the body as a whole, remembers gastroenterologist Alexandra Yakovleva. And yet people continue to believe that alcohol in small quantities is not capable of harm. Meanwhile, according to the global gastroenterology community, a very small amount of dry wine is considered relatively safe to consume. No more than 200 ml and no more than two or three times a week. Agree, this differs from the generally accepted idea of a “useful dose” of alcohol.
Passion for mineral water
“Relying on mineral water from supermarkets, people sincerely believe that they are following a healthy lifestyle,” says the gastroenterologist. The problem is that such water is very saturated with carbon dioxide. Once in the human stomach, it stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid, which is fraught with exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. As for the medicinal mineral waters, they should be drunk in classes and only after a doctor’s advice.
Daily intake of soda and juice
“The main scourge of carbonated lemonades and packaged juices is the huge amount of sugar or sweeteners,” warns the expert. Perfume dyes added to these products have no benefit. By the way, the use of freshly squeezed juices should also be approached with caution. In particular, they should not be drunk on an empty stomach. Freshly squeezed juices become a source of vitamins only in combination with a complete meal.
Bodice with coffee
“In reasonable doses, coffee has a really tonic effect and also has a positive effect on the liver,” notes Alexandra Yakovleva. – But at the same time, coffee can disrupt the acidity of gastric juice and lead to bile duct dysfunction. Therefore, the abuse of coffee is not recommended. And especially on an empty stomach. The best time to drink this drink is after a full breakfast or lunch.
Overconsumption of sweets and fruits
“Sugar abuse negatively affects the metabolism, leads to problems with overweight and blood sugar levels,” says the gastroenterologist. – Knowing the dangers of sweets, some people look for a useful substitute: honey, candied fruit, dried fruit. Alas, this is not a panacea. Especially for people with fatty liver. The fructose found in honey, dried fruits and sweet fruits encourages the accumulation of fat in the liver. It also increases the risk of developing diabetes and atherosclerosis.
Too many raw vegetables in the diet
Vegetables are the main source of fiber for our body. Their use normalizes the microbial balance and maintains the normal function of the intestine, says the doctor. But not all fiber is the same. For example, with a number of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, you should not eat coarse fiber with insoluble fiber. It is found in legumes, some cereals, root vegetables, leaves and stems of vegetables. An alternative is heat-treated vegetables.
Food on the run
“Running snacks are a popular eating habit,” admits the gastroenterologist. – Often there is not enough time not only to reheat the food, but also to chew it normally. Meanwhile, food processing is extremely important for normal digestion.
Swallowing food is a direct route to bloating and stomach upset, and in the long run to more serious problems.
Very hot food
“Excessively hot food burns the mouth and esophagus and also increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer,” warns Alexandra Yakovleva. In addition, it may be difficult to diagnose esophageal burn “with the eye”, as there are fewer receptors in this organ than in the skin. The “bowl principle” will help determine the optimal temperature for the food or drink. For example, before drinking tea, take a cup in your hands. If your hands are very hot, it is better to cool the drink a little.
There are different views on therapeutic fasting and strict diets. And yet, most doctors agree that complete denial of food is possible only in acute surgical conditions, says the gastroenterologist. A more normal and mild option is intermittent fasting. In this case, a person spends 12-13 hours a day without food, especially at night and at night. This is an acceptable diet, but only on condition that the rest of the time the body manages to gain the required amount of nutrients.
The habit of being nervous for any reason
Stress is a powerful trigger for the onset of most chronic diseases. Gastrointestinal diseases are no exception, warns the doctor. – The work of our digestive system is regulated by the autonomic nervous system, which is extremely sensitive to a person’s general emotional background. Therefore, stress causes real problems with the gastrointestinal tract and prolonged stress even threatens the development of chronic diseases.