“Honorary Citizens” is the name of the new virtual work in the recent history archive. This title was revived in the USSR 55 years ago. Today, personal funds of honorary citizens of Kaluga have been created: DD Kulikov, EI Kireev, VI Kiryukhin, A. Ya. Untilov and others. Our story is about the first director of the Kaluga radio tube factory, Ravil Rakhimovich Zainetdinov.
Endowed by nature with various talents, he could have become an excellent musician, but the Ufa boy from a large family was destined for a different fate.
“You will study!”
Ravil Zainetdinov was born on January 1, 1924 in Ufa. My father worked as a conductor in the railway, he died early. The mother is a housewife. To support the family, the eldest daughter Saima had to go to the factory. After nine lessons, Ravil completed one lesson aviation technical school, the war interrupted his studies. In 1942 he mobilized and was sent to the Sevastopol anti-aircraft artillery school. From 1943 to 1947 he served his country as a battalion commander.
Ravil Rahimovic had painful memories of the war. In the notes of Lilia Zhulina’s daughter we read:
“I remember from my mother’s stories a moment: when they killed the whole crew of his artillery, the ammunition ran out, he sat on the ground and started whistling, mentally preparing for death. At that time, a strong attack by our troops started – that saved him … When my school asked me to write an essay on a military subject, my father did not want to say anything. In fact, I was offended then: I really wanted to describe an interesting case and get an A. We did not talk about the war anymore. Mom said she often screamed in his sleep – he dreamed that the Germans were torturing my mother and my sister and me. In the 80’s, Dad talked on Central TV, after this program a partner wrote to him and then he came to visit us – the case is like in a movie. From the front, he came with an overcoat, made on the side: he had to spend the night in the woods, by the fire.
After the war, life was difficult and Ravil decided to work. But my sister insisted: “No, you will study.” Saima repaired a military uniform and the student spent all his years studying in it.
In 1952, Ravil Zainetdinov graduated from the Ufa Aviation Institute and was sent to Kaluga. The 28-year-old young specialist came here with his wife.
Music and nature
Ravil Rakhimovich loved music. The daughter remembers: “He took the mandolin from the tray, from the ear,
“Italian Polka” by Rachmaninov and he played it in amateur concerts. Rigoletto, Traviata and Carmen were heard at home. He, and after him my sister and I, could sing these three operas from anywhere. They made him feel good again. The father had the ability to leave all problems behind. Mom said: if she came home and sang, that’s a sure sign that something happened. He called Nina Pavlovna Elistratova, the chairwoman of the factory committee, and found out everything.
When a piano appeared in the family so that their daughters could play music, Ravil often sat on the instrument: the self-taught musician enjoyed playing various melodies in his ear, singing.
He loved nature – the song of the birds, the mushroom hike, got up early in the morning to hear the nightingales, inhaling the air with a full chest and out of excess emotion began to sing.
“Once, while driving in front of a flowery field, the car suddenly stopped,” Lilia Ravilievna wrote in her memoirs. – It turned out that he decided to see how bees collect nectar from plants. It is no coincidence that he later became involved in beekeeping. He put a swing between the hives – he really liked the air in the apiary. He considered honey the best medicine for all diseases and ate it only with tea, not recognizing any jam.
His wife supported him in everything, so he did not like it when he left for a long time.
“I’m always sick without you”
“When mom got sick, dad did what he could, but the disease went away. Her character was selfless – until the end she tried to be helpful to everyone, ran the household. Mom worked all her life as a hematologist, first at the Blood Transfusion Station, then at the peripheral, she was in charge of treatment at the fourth hospital and, Of course, he knew what to expect. He said to me and my sister: “I taught you, I married you and then everything depends on you”. So far, people are taking to the streets asking, “Are you Zaynetdinova?” And your mother took care of me, saved me from death.
– remembers the daughter.
But life goes on. Two years later, Ravil Zaynetdinov married Lyubov Kuznetsova, a nurse he met at a clinic. “In the beginning, my sister and I were worried, but when we got to know her better, we calmed down. She turned out to be a kind and good woman, she cooked her favorite dishes for her father, she took care of him and her father felt a taste for life again. We became friends with Olya’s daughter and our children grew up together – Dad became everyone’s favorite grandfather. Together they went to the children’s camp “Voskhod” from the factory, where my sister and I went. He said: “I have built this camp for you.” When their grandchildren visited, he and Lyubov Sergeevna brought a whole bucket of white, sweet, fruit.
At KEMZ, Zainetdinov worked first as an engineer and then as a store manager. Then, on the recommendation of the director of KEMZ Kulikov, in February 1959, he was appointed director of a new radio tube unit – “head of mailbox No. 48” – that was the name of the future factory. But then the business was only on paper – it was necessary not only to build, but also to install production. Another date is considered to be the founding day of the factory – December 22, 1960.
“I was very young when the factory was being built. I only remember how Dad left early in the morning in high boots in a truck to work … And what a joy it was when the first light bulb festival took place!
Almost 28 years of his life – from 1959 to 1986 – Zainetdinov devoted himself to the construction, development and development of his intellectual son – KRLZ, one of the leading companies in the electronics industry.
Unusual cleanliness was maintained in the radio tube production workshops, each assembler had uniforms and before starting the work and after any break, they washed their hands thoroughly. To eliminate the monotony, a variety of music was played during the day: calmly, then faster. And to make everyone feel comfortable, every installer had headphones.
The average age of the factory workers at that time was 21 years old. The young people participated in the social life of the factory and the Komsomol organization numbered more than 2,000 people in its ranks. Every year on the eve of the factory’s birthday, skill competitions were held to identify the best workers. A festive event was held at the theater, in which the results were summarized, diplomas and gifts were presented, a group of amateur performances of the factory were presented and at the end – dancing was necessary.
Every year the capacity was increasing. In 1961, they acquired the production of 6Zh1P and 6N1P radio tubes using parts of their own production. In June 1967, the factory produced the 100 millionth light bulb and the company was honored with the Order of the Red Lamp of Labor. Three products from “Lampochka” were awarded the state quality mark. In 1982, the 100 millionth product of a new profile, a microchip, was produced.
With the participation of the workers in the factory, the Yubileiny hall was built, where the Lights took place, and in the struggles of the factory teams, the participation in the sports life of the factory was definitely taken into account. Industrial gymnastics was mandatory. Lampochka has built four kindergartens. In the summer, the children rested at the Voskhod Champions Camp and the adults at the Elektronika boarding house in Adler.
Ravil Rakimovich knew all the facts about the team – he attended the weekly “quality days”, the meetings of the trade union committee and the factory committee, at any time he could meet in the shops.
According to his daughter, the last years of retirement were not easy for him.
He once said that he no longer needed the last 10 years of his life: “I have been building for 27 years and I can not watch how everything is falling apart now. If I had the strength, I would have made the plant a millionaire. I know how, but only who will listen to me now.
In July 1982, a capsule with samples of manufactured products was solemnly placed in the factory and an appeal to the descendants of the year 2000. And on the appointed day – December 22, 2000 – the capsule came out and a letter was read to the workers of the 21st century factory.
According to the script, Ravil Rakhimovich had to go on stage, holding in his hands the first lamp that is still kept in the factory museum. But that did not happen: a month before that, Zainetdinov died.
The title “Honorary Citizen of the City of Kaluga” was awarded to him in 2021.
We thank the employees of GADNIKO, as well as Lilia Ravilievna Zhulina for her assistance in preparing the material.
Visitors to the “Virtual Exhibitions” section of the website of the State Archive of Documents of Recent History of the Kaluga Region (https://archive.admoblkaluga.ru/pochetgra) can get acquainted with the first electronic publications for our contemporaries – honorary citizens of Kaluga and the Kaluga Territory.