Kivach Waterfall φύση Karelia Nature Reserve

The history of origin and description of Kivach waterfall

Kivach Waterfall first mentioned in the books of scribes of 1563-66. These ancient records recorded the lands that are subject to registration and protection. As the wood was rigged along the Suna to make coal and potash, Kivach became an obstacle. The first historical sources do not say anything about the origin of the name of the waterfall.

The name Kivach comes from the Finnish “kivas”, which means “snowy mountain”, sometimes you can read that “kivas” means “strong, rushing”. Other researchers define Kivach as a metamorphosis of the Finnish word “kivi” – stone, stone. In one way or another, by combining these definitions, which in meaning do not contradict each other, one can understand the nature of this phenomenon.

There is a beautiful legend about the origin of the waterfall, which says that two sisters, Shuya and Suna, lived a long time ago. They went to choose suitors. Suna was tired and fell asleep, Souya ran away, leaving her sister behind. Suna got angry and rushed through the rocks scattering them. Hearing Souya’s voice, Suna stopped and jumped over the stone ridge and into the giant’s arms. This is how Kivach waterfall appeared.

The history of the attraction is closely connected with the people who visited it. In the late 18th century, the poet Gavriil Derzhavin saw and described Kivach. Impressed he wrote the ode “Waterfall”. Speaking of the universe, the poet first described the waterfall in poetic words. Derzhavin compared him to the heroine of Catherine Potemkin, who died shortly before the poet’s journey.

Kivach was also visited by N.Ya.Ozeretskovsky, traveler and cartographer. Not only did he describe the waterfall and design it, but he also talked about the dangers of rafting in Suna. About how the beams hung over the waterfall in wires and straightened glued trees. The trees broke, the cable was torn and often the beams died. A special rafting bypass was built only in 1837.

Among the celebrities who admired Kivach’s beauty is the Decembrist and poet FN Glinka. He wrote a poem about a waterfall. He visited Kivatsi and royal people. With the arrival of Emperor Alexander II, a picturesque kiosk was built. Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich and his family observed Kivac in the summer of 1887. Accompanied by the Grand Duke was the poet and local historian Konstantin Sluchevsky.

Author NI Berezine in 1903 published the book “Walking in the waterfalls of Karelia”. This is the most detailed description of the road to the waterfall and accommodation near it. The famous photographer SM Prokudin-Gorsky in 1916 took a series of color photographs of a popular tourist destination. They depict the waterfall itself from various angles, a pedestrian bridge in Suna, the famous pavilion of Alexander II.

In the aftermath of the Revolution and the Civil War, the USSR government developed a plan to build the Kondopoga hydroelectric plant. According to the plan, a dam was built in Suna near the village of Girvas. The waters of the Suna flowed into Lake Palye and from there into the Tivdiyaka River and Lakes Nigoozero and Sandal along the canal of the Kondopoga hydroelectric power station. The change in Suna’s course changed Kivach’s appearance. The strength of the water pressure has decreased. The famous four rocks went under the water.

Today Kivach is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Europe. It started about 8,000 years ago, when a pre-Cambrian rock climb raised a rocky ridge on the Suna Trail. Overcoming obstacles, the water along the steps of the ridge formed a flat waterfall. With great speed and noise, falling from a height, Suna blurred and deepened the riverbed. The rock divides the water stream into two parts.

The main part of the waterfall along the four ledges, thundering quickly, descends to the riverbed. The second current is divided into smaller currents, which merge with the main current below. The height of the water current is about 11 meters. The largest step is 8 meters high. The total length of the waterfall is 170 meters. In one second, 66 cubic meters of water pass through Kivach, forming a depth of 8 meters at the foot.

How to get to Kivach Falls

You can reach the waterfall by car. The distance from St. Petersburg to Kivach is about 470 km. First, along the Murmansk highway, you have to go along the M18 motorway. The excellent road will allow you to drive quickly in a straight line of 450 km until the turn towards Kondapoga. It is essential not to miss the turn after 21 km to the reserve. After driving 7 km after, we reach the processing dam.

Another way to travel is possible by bus St. Petersburg-Petrozavodsk. Travel time depends on the route, time and place of departure. Average 11 hours, but you can reduce the travel time to 7 hours. From Petrozavodsk, you have to take the bus to Sopokha. It is essential not to miss the turn to Kivach. From the turn on foot or passing car 7 km to the waterfall. Also close to the bus station is the Petrozavodsk-Kivach minibus stop.

By train, you must first arrive from St. Petersburg. Then you have to take the train to Kondopoga. Arriving at the place, you have to go to the bus station. It is located next to the train station. All you have to do is get a bus ticket to Sopokha Village and get to Kivach by bus. From Kondopoga to Kivach you can also get there by car or taxi.

When is the best time to visit Kivach Falls?

You can visit the Kivach waterfall and nature reserve at any time of the year. The winter is mild, with no temperature fluctuations. January frosts do not fall below -11 ° C. It is true that sometimes cooling to -25 ° C is possible. Defrosts followed by morning frosts are not excluded. The snow cover reaches 2 meters. The icing on the cake is never complete. Very beautiful Kivach in winter evenings. Spring is cool and rainy. This is not the best time to visit Kivach.

Summer and autumn are ideal for sightseeing. The average temperature is about +20 ° C. +11 ° C at night and in the morning. Sometimes the summer temperature in the middle of summer can reach +30 ° C. Strong currents and cold water prevent swimming in the waterfalls. The best time for a trip to Kivac is August, early September. In autumn, the weather is changeable, so when planning a visit to the reserve, you must take into account the weather forecast, dress comfortably and warmly.

What a tourist should know when visiting Kivach waterfall

Most tourists visit the shelter and the waterfall in 2 hours. During this period, you can visit the Museum of Nature, the arboriculture, many viewing platforms. During the bus tour from Petrozavodsk to the reserve, which lasts about 5 hours, the guide will talk to you about the wonderful places of Kareli, will introduce you to the history of the area. At the stops, tourists can relax and take beautiful photos.

Any economic activity is prohibited in the reserve. You can not fish, pick mushrooms and berries, make fires. Violation of these rules entails fines and compensation claims. There is a café in the reserve, which is only open during the tourist season. Therefore, you should take care of the food during the trip and visit to Kivach. Excursions are organized only upon prior request.

Tourists and visitors must follow the general rules for visiting the Kivach Reserve. We must remember that this place is a unique natural monument. Be sure to follow the rules of safe behavior near the waterfall. Do not walk on paths, do not climb rock ledges, do not swim, do not leave children unattended. Adherence to these simple rules will help you make your trip to Kivach comfortable and interesting.

What else to see in the area of ​​Kivach waterfall

The environment and landscapes of Kivach are picturesque and unique, so the natural complex is under state protection. In 1931 one of the oldest Russian shelters was founded, which is already over 85 years old. The history of the reserve begins with Kivach. Its area at the time of establishment was 2 hectares. After the war, the area increased to 10 hectares. Now – 10,930 hectares. In the protected forest there are pines over 100 years old.

Researchers explore the shelter’s natural resources, publish the annual Chronicle of Nature, organize eco-tours, promote green tourism, and replenish exhibitions and museum collections. Tourist routes have been developed: Sopokhsky forest and forest in the warm season. The length of the New Year’s route is 1.3 km, 1500 steps through the northern forest.

The excursion zone of the reserve includes a museum of nature, consisting of two large exhibitions of plants and animals and an arboriculture. The arboriculture presents 43 species of local flora and plants from different climatic zones and continents. Particularly beautiful is the grove of Karelia birch, which is famous for its unique wood. It was planted by scientists and employees of the reserve from cloned seedlings.

Kivach Falls is the most beautiful flat waterfall in Russia. It is often compared to Swiss waterfalls. Special and unique landscapes of Karelia, a pine forest with islands of Karelia birch, rocks and boulders, a strong roar of water, a nature reserve and an arbor, hiking trails, a fairy tale of the winter forest of Karelia will always be remembered .

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