April 11, Minsk / Correction. BELTA /. Veterinarian Alexander Matsulevich, a pharmacist, in an interview with the BelTA correspondent, gave parents advice on how to choose a pet for their child.
The doctor advises to introduce the child to different animals before buying. “Let him know what kind of pet he would like to see in his house. You can borrow an animal from friends, but it is better to take it to a pet zoo. When choosing a pet, you must take into account the temperament of the child. Playful puppies or lively kittens are suitable for choleric children. Fish or turtles are better to take for phlegmatic people “, he notes.
Before buying an animal, it is imperative to perform a skin allergy test (scaling test). It will help identify the exact allergen. It is important to understand that there are no non-allergenic animals. Almost all pets secrete the Fel D1 protein, which can cause this nasty disease.
Allergies can be caused not only by wool but also by fluff, feathers, tray filler and even food. Simple rules will help minimize the occurrence of allergies: do not let the animals sit on chairs, beds, clothes, wash your pet as often as possible, clean it after that in time. Be sure to buy a vacuum cleaner with a wool collection, this will help you clean better. At the first signs of allergies, you should not immediately put your pet out the door. It is possible that the disease occurred due to a new feed or filling for the disc. Change them and follow your body’s reaction and only then make a decision about the future fate of the animal, advises Alexander Matsulevich.
According to him, special attention should be paid to the diet and vaccination of the animal. Before buying a pet, it is important to study the characteristics of its care, as an improperly selected diet, untimely vaccinations and improper maintenance can adversely affect health. Animals should be vaccinated against confusion, panleukopenia, leptospirosis, chlamydia, rotavirus infection and rabies. Once every three months you should take anti-worm medication. It is worth getting a veterinary passport for the animal in order to record all the vaccinations of the pet there. The doctor emphasizes that dogs and cats do not need to feed on chicken bones and fish on bones.
“If you have a rabbit, then after 45 days you should vaccinate it immediately with a vaccine against myxomatosis and viral haemorrhagic disease. These animals need to have fruit tree branches in the cage to sharpen their teeth. You should get them periodically. “drugs that prevent the appearance of worms,” notes the veterinarian
Turtles need to feed on water snails, they can grow at home. An infrared lamp should be responsible for the comfortable temperature in the aquarium and an ultraviolet lamp should be responsible for disinfecting the space and producing vitamin D3. The water temperature in the aquarium should not fall below 22 degrees. If the temperature is not maintained, the pet will get sick and die.
When buying a hamster, you need to be prepared for the fact that these animals do not live long. These pets need a spacious cage with safe toys. Cleaning after a fluffy animal should be done at least 2 times a week.
“To ensure a comfortable life for snakes, do not be too lazy to buy a terrarium, a thermometer, ultraviolet and infrared lamps, a flat stone and entanglements on which the pet will crawl. You should not start poisonous snakes in a home where there are children “, the veterinarian shares.
For a comfortable life, decorative hedgehogs need a terrarium, a thermometer and a shelter. These pets are nocturnal animals, so do not be surprised by their intense activity later. The favorite delicacies of these animals will be cockroaches and crickets. Forest hedgehogs should not be collected, they can be carriers of rabies.
It is worth paying special attention to the condition of the animal. “The animal’s eyes should be bright and shiny. A healthy pet will have a uniform gait without lameness and circular motions. Ask the seller for a veterinary passport, where all the vaccinations of the animal are recorded. Inspect the oral cavity, in a healthy animal it is “Pay attention to the ears: they must be clean, without brown secretions. You must not take an animal that is too thin or too fat, it will definitely have health problems,” Alexander Matsulevich concluded. -0-