Features of the celebration of the month of Ramadan in Turkey

13 April 2022 22:41

Features of the celebration of the month of Ramadan in Turkey

ANCHOR. KAZINFORM – From time immemorial, many religions have coexisted with tolerance in Turkey, but the significant advantage of Islam has been retained more here. That’s why the holy month of Ramadan is celebrated here in a special way, says the Kazinform correspondent himself.

This time in Turkey great importance is given, since 97% of the country’s population professes Islam. The month of Ramadan is a sacred period for the Turks. Once a year, for thirty days, a special atmosphere prevails in the country. During this period, Oraza is observed by the locals, here it is called Oruch.

Turks, like other Muslims, are convinced that abstinence from food, which exists in almost all religions, is one of the best ways to learn to control your actions, feelings, thoughts and emotions. A person is currently cleansed of everything unnecessary and bad. The days of fasting are celebrated with great enthusiasm in family, relatives and friends. Few people in Turkey do not keep Oraza. As the locals say: “the hoop is kept by everyone, from seven to seventy years”. And even foreign women, who are married to men of nationality, accept Islam unconditionally, learn Turkish and follow local traditions.

In ancient times, the celebration of the month of Ramadan in Turkey was very formal and fun. This has become almost impossible these days. At the same time, today one can still talk about some traditions of celebrating Muslim fasting that have survived from the past years to the present day.

Ramadan for every family in Turkey means abundance and joy, despite the fact that for 30 days there are only two meals a day. The end of the morning meal before sunrise is souhura, and the dinner of breaking the fast in the evening is called iftar. The locals say that it is not necessary to eat during suhoor, and iftar is very important. At the fasting dinner, all the members of the family gather at the table with a variety of delicious dishes and sweets. The beginning of iftar is announced by the firing of cannons and the sounds of the antan from the mosques, which are located here in each district, two or three. One of the rules of iftar is to sit at the table a few minutes before the azan.

Usually, during the month of Ramadan, women go to visit neighbors or girlfriends and men sit in kahvekhan, a Turkish cafe. It is also a tradition to take part in the festivities along the streets of the city, decorated with bright signs and designs, spread among the minarets of the mosques, called “mahya”. And the time to stop eating and drinking is called “imsak”. It means “to abstain, not to touch”. Imsak begins with a flower.

In order to wake up those who fast for suhoor, the “davuldzhular” walk the streets in national costumes. These are the drummers who beat the drums and perform the folk quatrains “mani”, alerting those asleep to the time of suhoor. In addition, their efforts are a harbinger of the coming of the holy month of Ramadan. It is considered a good deed to go out and give them tips. This tradition dates back to the time of the Ottoman Empire and is widespread in many countries of the Middle East. In Turkey, in order to prevent fraudulent activities, davulcular are officially registered and even issued a certificate. In Istanbul alone, once a year, there are about 3,500 people performing the role of drummer.

Ramadan, as a rule, takes place in a polite and cheerful atmosphere. Some cities in Turkey are famous for their colorful and impressive holidays. This month, a number of events take place that aim to familiarize the younger generation in particular with the traditions of the past years. Food is shared everywhere, cafes and restaurants are guided by suhoor and iftar time. The President of the country visits student homes, military schools and various families. TV channels broadcast children’s shows, cartoons on the theme of the holy month.

It marks the end of the Sheker Bayramy month of Ramadan, which literally means the feast of sugar in Turkish. The food of this feast is designed to compensate for the calories lost during fasting. Therefore, three official leave days are dedicated to presenting each other various sweets. From the big cities, everyone goes to their homelands, which in Turkish is called “memleket”. Public life in the big cities is suspended for a while. These days, it is customary to ask for forgiveness from people and visit the elders in the family to perform the hand kissing ceremony.

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