A DAY IN HISTORY – APRIL 15
1928 – In Tajikistan, instead of Arabic, Latin script was introduced.
1938 – The CEC and the Council of People’s Commissars of the Tajik SSR adopted the resolution “On the introduction of the teaching of the Russian language in Tajik and non-Tajik schools”.
1985 – Sharqi Ozod publishing house was founded.
1996 – The Security Council of the Republic of Tatarstan was established.
2005 – The construction of the Sangtuda-1 hydroelectric power station was inaugurated.
2008 – The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan approved the Charter and the management structure of Rogun HPP JSC.
2013 – The Government of the Philippines announces the abolition of visa requirements for citizens of seven countries, including Tajikistan.
2016 – The date of November 16 – President’s Day – was added to the Law on Holidays in Tajikistan.
2020 – Tajikistan’s parliament registers three-party factions (PDPT, Peasant Party and Economic Reform Party) and a group of non-partisan MPs.
1878 – Born the founder of modern Tajik literature, Hero of Tajikistan Sadriddin Aini.
1899 – The poet Pirav Suleymoni was born.
1932 – Author Zainiddin Dustmatov was born.
1937 – The bibliographer and bibliographer Abdullajan Yunusov was born.
1938 – The honored artist of Tajikistan Ustokadam Mashrabov was born.
1951 Theater and film actor Sherali Abdulkaisov was born.
1955 – Singer, honorary artist of Tajikistan Abdullo Sultonov was born.
1967 – The scientist Giyosiddin Saifiddinov was born.
1968 – The Tajik-Italian opera singer (tenor) Rustam Duloev was born.
IMPORTANT EVENTS OF APRIL 15
Today International Culture Day. “Culture” in Sanskrit literally means “respect for light”, expressing the desire for knowledge of beauty, ideals and self-improvement.
Although Culture Day was established a while ago, it already has a history of centuries. The idea of creating an organized protection of cultural values belongs to the outstanding artist and personality of Russian and world culture, Nicholas Roerich, who considered culture to be the main driving force in the improvement of human society, saw it as the basis for unity of people of different nationalities and religions.
On April 15, 1935, at the White House in Washington, the leaders of 21 states signed the first international treaty in the history of the Earth “On the protection of institutions serving the purposes of culture, science and art, as well as historical monuments.” , named after its creator “The Roerich Pact”.
It is celebrated today world art day. The celebration, which aims to promote the development and dissemination of the visual arts, was proclaimed at the 40th session of the UNESCO General Conference in 2019.
The purpose of the conference is to promote the exchange of knowledge and the development of intercultural dialogue. By the way, April 15 was chosen as a holiday date because Leonardo da Vinci was born on this day in 1452. And although he considered himself a scientist, his invaluable contribution to art is unquestionable.
April 15 is celebrated every year in many countries around the world. Environmental Knowledge Day. It traces its history back to 1992, when at the UN Conference in Rio de Janeiro, where environmental issues were discussed, the great importance of environmental education of the population of all countries of the world in the implementation of the survival strategy and for sustainable development. of humanity stressed.
110 years ago, the greatest maritime disaster of the 20th century occurred – in the Atlantic Ocean, hitting an iceberg The Titanic sank. According to various sources, from 1400 to 1517 people died in this disaster. The survivors were twice as few – only seven hundred people. In this tragedy, the engine crew was completely lost.
The beautiful Titanic, one of the largest and most luxurious ships, was built in 1912 to order by the White Star Shipping Company. It impressed with its size and architectural perfection. Its length, as the newspapers of that time wrote, was equal to the length of three building blocks, the height of the machine was the height of a three-story building, and the anchor for the Titanic was dragged to the streets of Belfast by a group of 20 strongest horses.
It took place 71 years ago in London first “Miss World” beauty contest. The official international beauty pageant on the planet took place on April 15, 1951. Thanks to this event, London received the glory of the capital of world beauty. The first Miss Universe pageant, by the way, was also held in London.
The “inventor” of “Miss World” was a London-based Mecca advertising agent, Eric Morley, who was asked to find something original to advertise a ballroom during the British Festival.
The title of “Miss World” in the first competition was claimed by 30 girls. They appeared on stage in bikini swimsuits, which were not yet known in England at the time, something that broke. Sweden’s Kiki Haakonson was the winner of the competition and received a ρών 1,000 prize and the opportunity to appear in the tabloid press.
33 years ago, April 15, 1989 in Sheffield, England at the Forty Thousand Stadium in Hillsborough 96 spectators were killed during the FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest.
This game aroused great interest, and the space in front of the stadium was filled with people. Crowds gathered in front of the turnstiles. The first signs of crash appeared. At this point, Police Chief David Dackenfield, the stadium’s security commander, asked subordinates: “Do they all have tickets? – Get them!”
When the followers complied with his request, the officer, considering that there were few smugglers in the general mass, ordered his subordinates to open the gate and let everyone in without control. The spectators, already sitting in the practically full tribune, turned out to be locked with fences on three sides and a large crowd on the fourth. The people standing in the front rows and being pressed against the metal fences began to suffocate.
Since 2011 in Kazakhstan on April 15 they celebrate their national Valentine’s Day – “Ulttyk Gashyktar Kunine Orai”. As an alternative to the international holiday in February, the organizers proposed their own date dedicated to Kozy Korpesh and Bayan-Sul. These are the heroes of the 13th-14th century Kazakh epic poem, which tells the story of the tragic, beautiful love and death of a young man and girl in love.
The organizers of the celebration argue that the new Valentine’s Day is not just a transfer of the event from one date to another. The holidays themselves must be different. It is associated with the folk epic, designed to show the purity and beauty of love. This is propaganda of purity, images of Kazakh women and national heroes. In addition, such holidays will take place not in winter, but in spring – the most romantic time of the year.
WEATHER FORECAST FOR APRIL 15
In the Sughd area – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 4-9, in some areas stronger to 12-17 m / s. Temperature: in the lowlands 13-18 warm at night, 28-33 warm during the day, in the mountains 4-9 warm at night, 18-23 warm during the day.
In the Khatlon area – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 4-9 m / s. Temperature: in the lowlands 15-20 heat at night, 30-35 heat during the day, at the foot 8-13 heat at night, 22-27 heat during the day.
In the Gorno-Badajsan Autonomous Region – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 3-8 m / s Temperature: in ZGBAO at night 5-10 warm, during the day 17-22 warm, in VGBAO at night 4-9 frosts, during the day 5-10 warm.
By areas of democratic subordination – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 4-9 m / s. Temperature: in the lowlands 12-17 warm at night, 27-32 warm during the day, in the mountains 8-13 warm at night, 20-25 warm during the day.
In the city of Dushanbe – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 4-9 m / s. Temperature: 13-15 warm at night, 28-30 warm during the day.
In the city of Khujand – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 4-9, sometimes strong to 12-17 m / s. Temperature: 13-15 warm at night, 28-30 warm during the day.
In the city of Bokhtar – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 3-8 m / s. Temperature: 17-19 warm at night, 32-34 warm during the day.
In the city of Khorog – Partly cloudy, with no rainfall. East wind 4-9 m / s. Temperature: 8-10 warm at night, 20-22 warm during the day.
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