On April 18, the Spartak Moscow football club celebrated its 100th anniversary. About the most seasonal events in the history of the team – in the RBC material
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The most titled coach in the history of Spartak Oleg Romanchev while playing for the club
(Photo: Spartak Press Service)
Race in the Red Square
In the spring of 1936 the first football championship of the USSR started and on July 6, as part of the parade of athletes in the Red Square, an exhibition match was held, which was attended by the entire leadership of the country from the mausoleum, led by Joseph Stalin . The cobblestones of Red Square were covered with a carpet, on which Spartacus played, divided into two groups – “red” and “white”. The reds won 4: 3.
The main reason for choosing the “red and whites” is the activity of the head of Komsomol and one of the founders of the Spartak society, Alexander Kosarev, who participated in the preparation of the holidays.
Kosyrev Alexander Vasilievich recommends that he play. It is necessary, he says, to show Joseph Vissarionovich. Stalin was seduced. It was interesting to watch. “For the first time, in my opinion, he watched with his own eyes,” recalls Nikolai Starostin, one of the organizers of the Spartak society.
After that game, big football appeared in the country’s central square only once – in 1939, again as part of the athletes’ parade. “Spartak” met with “Dynamo”. The match ended 0-0.
The Basque Country is an autonomous region in northern Spain. In the summer of 1937, at the height of the civil war, the national team of this region arrived in the USSR for a series of 9 games.
The meetings caused a great stir. For example, the Dynamo Stadium in Moscow, which hosted four matches, was packed with 90,000 spectators at each match, with a capacity of just over 70,000 (including stops). As a result, Spartak became the only team to beat the Basques.
Before and after the match with Spartak, the Basques defeated Lokomotiv (5: 1), Dinamo Moscow (2: 1), National Dynamo (7: 4), Dynamo Kiev (3: 1), Tbilisi “Dynamo” (2 : 0), the Georgian national team (3: 1), the Minsk national team (6: 1), and also tied with the Leningrad national team (2: 2).
The match “Spartak” – the team of the Basque Country was the last in the territory of the RSFSR. As for how important at least one victory of the hosts was, he said the fact that before the match, the composition of Spartak was strengthened by several players from other teams.
The fight started late. The Spartak players got stuck in a traffic jam and started changing clothes at the entrance of the stadium.
The first half ended with a score of 2: 2, but in the second Spartak took the initiative and scored four unanswered goals – 6: 2.
The hosts scored the winning third goal from the penalty spot, which seemed controversial for the Basques, and as a sign of protest they left the field for a while.
In 1956, the USSR national football team achieved its first serious success. The team won gold medals at the Melbourne Olympics.
“Spartak” had the most direct connection with this achievement – 10 players of the national team simultaneously represented the “red and whites”. These are Nikolay Tishchenko, Mikhail Ogonkov, Igor Netto, Anatoly Maslenkin, Alexey Paramonov, Boris Tatushin, Anatoly Isaev, Sergey Salnikov, Anatoly Ilyin and Nikita Simonyan.
Out of the nine goals in the Olympic tournament, the Spartakists scored six, including the only one in the final. Torpedo representatives Valentin Ivanov and Eduard Streltsov scored three more goals.
Shortly before the start of the Olympic Games, Spartak became the champion of the USSR for the sixth time. This team is one of the strongest in the history of the club.
In 1976, Spartak was relegated from the major leagues. The failure led to a paradoxical, in the opinion of many, decision – to appoint Konstantin Beskov as head coach, who played and coached the eternal rival Dynamo Moscow for many years.
Eventually, however, Beskov’s period turned out to be very bright. In the very first year, Yuri Gavrilov, Sergei Savlo and Georgi Yardchev appeared in the team. Shortly afterwards, Fyodor Cherenkov and Sergey Rodionov, who defined Spartak’s face during the 1980s, began playing in the main team.
Beskov was the coach of Spartak until 1989. This period was not only remembered for sports results – the “red and whites” were left without medals only in 1978 and 1988, winning gold twice (1979, 1987), five times silver ( 1980-1981, 1983-1985) and twice bronze (1982, 1986). But also from the fact that the team acquired an aggressive, combined style of play with “walls” and runs, which was later named “Spartak”, attractive to fans.
The arrival of Romanchev
The most successful period in the history of the club is associated with the name of Oleg Romantsev. He continued Beskov’s tactical line in combo football and introduced some innovations.
Romanchev was only 35 years old in 1989. He has never coached in major leagues. Nevertheless, in the very first season, under his leadership, Spartak returned the title of champion. In 1990, the team was two points behind for medals and in 1991 Spartak finished second.
The main successes under Romantsev came to Spartak already in Russia. For the first 10 national championships, the team did not win gold medals only in 1995. It is also worth remembering that in 1996 Yarchev was the coach of the Red and Whites, Romanchev was the president.
Also due to “Spartak” Romantsev four victories in the Country Cup – 1992, 1994, 1998, 2003.
Led by Romanchev, Spartak played in the semi-finals of all three European competitions at the time – the Champions League, the Cup Winners’ Cup and the UEFA Cup.
Six Champions League victories
In 1995, Spartak was the first and last Russian team to win six matches in six Champions League group stage matches. The Muscovites defeated the champions of England, Poland and Norway Blackburn (1: 0, 3: 0), Legia (2: 1, 1: 0) and Rosenborg (4: 2, 4: 1).
It is true that Spartak could not show the best result in the history of European cup tournaments. In the winter, Romantsev left the team, deciding to focus on preparing the Russian team for the European Championship. As well as several top players – Stanislav Cherchesov, Vasily Kulkov, Viktor Onopko and Sergey Yuran have signed contracts with foreign clubs. Dmitry Khlestov was seriously injured during training.
“Spartak” in the 1/4 final could not pass the French “Nantes” (0: 2, 2: 2).
Opening of the stadium
It is rumored that Spartak will soon begin building its own stadium in the mid-1990s. Newspapers have even published various works, including those near the Botanichesky Sad metro station. But nothing went beyond that.
In 2004, Leonid Fedun became the owner of Spartak. Two years later, he announced that he would build a stadium on the site of the former Tushino Airport. The construction of the arena lasted until 2014. The process was hampered by lengthy bureaucratic procedures, the nearby metro line and the global financial crisis.
The 45,360-seat stadium opened in September 2014 with a friendly between Spartak and the Serbian Red Star (1: 1). The author of the first goal in the arena is Dmitry Kobarov.
The stadium hosted the first official match on September 14 – Spartak beat Torpedo 3: 1 thanks to two goals by Quincy Promes and a well-aimed shot by Jose Jurado.