Siberia erupted ahead of time – Kommersant Newspaper No. 68 (7269) of 19/04/2022

Smoke from natural fires engulfed Novosibirsk, Omsk and Krasnoyarsk. The most difficult situation with such fires is developing in Siberia, although a special fire regime that prohibits citizens from visiting forests and entering them with equipment has been introduced in the territory of 14 subjects, including Central Russia and its region. Volga. Russia’s Greenpeace notes that since the beginning of the year, the area of ​​natural fires has already doubled compared to last year at this time.

In Hakasia The situation with the landscape fires was described as critical at the end of March – rescuers later reported that on March 26, more than 20 landscape fires threatened four settlements. Strong winds worsened the situation. On April 2, there was an anti-record in the area – 31 landscape fires a day. According to Alexander Mull, head of the Central Directorate of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations in the republic, the number of such fires this season has increased by 200% in the republic compared to the same period in 2021 (up to 267). Last weekend, large fires were recorded in Shirinsky, Ust-Abakansky, Bogradsky, Altaisky, Askizsky, Tashtypsky, Ordzhonikidzevsky, Chernogorsk and Abakan regions. According to rescuers, the total fire front of the steppe fires amounted to almost 130 kilometers and the total area of ​​grass fires reached 32.4 thousand square meters. Μ.

In the Novosibirsk region, according to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, yesterday, about 1.5 thousand thermally active points were recorded, 433 fires were eliminated. Most of the time, dry grass and garbage are burned. According to the FBU “Avialesookhrana”, there are five fires in the area in areas of the forest fund. Fog from the fires has engulfed Novosibirsk since Sunday.

Due to smoke from the fallen grass in the area Krasnoyarsk Rospotrebnadzor has started monitoring air quality. “The results of the studies carried out on 18 April showed that the maximum one-time concentrations in samples for PM2,5 particles (a mixture of solid and liquid particles suspended in air) were exceeded.— “si”) from 1.2 to 1.9 times, as well as for nitrogen dioxide – 1.2 times “, said the head of the Rospotrebnadzor department for the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

Last weekend there were 133 fires in the area in a total area of ​​almost 342 acres. Rescuers in Krasnoyarsk, Kansk, Minusinsk, as well as in the Berezovsky and Emelianovsky districts reported the difficult fire. In one of the districts of Krasnoyarsk, the fire spread from the burning grass to parked cars, four of which were completely destroyed as a result, clarified the Ministry of Emergency Situations. In the Kansky suburb the day before, a landscape fire hit cottages – 15 buildings were destroyed.

In the Omsk region Large fires in the landscape were recorded last week. Smoke from burnt grass and forests in the Nazyvaevsky area has reached Tyumen. Residents of several small neighborhoods in the city protested against the smell of burning and smog. On April 16 and 17, there were 283 grass fires in the Omsk region. The preliminary cause of the fire is mainly the careless handling of the fire, the Ministry of Emergency Situations said.

Fires are also raging in the Far East. Yes, last weekend in the territory of Khabarovsk Nine fires have been extinguished. Their total area exceeded 1.8 thousand hectares. The cause of the fires is also called careless handling of the fire, according to the press service of the governor of the area. Since the beginning of the fire season, which officially began on March 30, there have been 12 forest fires in the Khabarovsk region in a total area of ​​1.9 thousand hectares.

In the Primorsky Territory 70 natural fires were recorded last weekend, according to the message of the Telegram channel of the Central Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation for the region. According to the FBU “Avialesookhrana”, in the Irkutsk region and the Trans-Baikal Territory, five fires each on the territory of the forest fund. A forest fire was recorded in Bouriatia.

“A special fire regime has been introduced in the territories of Voronezh, Kaliningrad, Samara, Kurgan, Tyumen, Sverdlovsk, Omsk, Amur, in the territories of Trans-Baikal, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Khakassia, Tuva and Buryatia,” RIA Novosti reported. he told the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations. This regime provides for a complete ban on people visiting the forests and entering equipment in them.

Rosleskhoz notes that since the beginning of the firefighting season, there have been 783 forest fires in areas of the forest fund in an area of ​​43,227 hectares. Late last week, the department recommended in the Omsk, Tyumen, Kurgan and Novosibirsk regions to step up forest and air patrols of forests to quickly detect and extinguish fires. “Measures to fight the fire at the regional level are not enough,” said Alexei Wenglinsky, Rosleskhoz’s deputy chief of staff.

Aleksey Yaroshenko from Greenpeace Russia calls the situation with natural fires in the country bad: the area of ​​fires since the beginning of the year is already doubled from last year until now. Greenpeace, citing data from the State Forest Surveillance Information System, says that by 2021 by then the fire had spread to 915.6 thousand acres and this year the area has already reached 2.2 million hectares from the beginning. of the year. “So far, not all fires are included in official reports, because mainly forests are burned on agricultural land or in disputed areas that do not have clear boundaries,” he says.

Anna Vassilieva? Oksana Pavlova, Novosibirsk; Alexey Chernyshev, Vladivostok; Vlad Nikiforov, Irkutsk

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