How to get a pet abroad: ecology articles ➕1, 20/04/2022

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Taking an animal to another country is a whole quest. Before you start crossing, study the requirements of the country you are going to leave, as well as the transit countries from which your route may be located. For example, fighting breed dogs and their narrow breeders – bull terriers, Rottweilers and so on – can not be imported into Israel. “Requirements vary greatly from country to country: for example, the United States requires a certificate of a specific form – I just completed it the other day. It must state the license number of the doctor who performed the vaccination. We do not have such licenses, so the diploma number is entered there “, said Alexandra Galyamina, medical director of the veterinary center Dr.Hug.

Information on how to transport animals to the EU can be found here. Those who are going to the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada should be especially careful. These countries have very strict regulations and the animal can be quarantined at the expense of its owner. Official guidelines on how to bring your pet to Australia can be found at this link, for Canada at this link and for the UK at this link. If you have any questions, call the embassy or consulate.

The chip is made by a veterinarian: he inserts a microchip into the area of ​​the pet’s wit. The microchip number and the date of installation are recorded in the veterinary passport and entered in the international Animal ID database. The passport itself is issued at the clinic, where microchips are made and vaccinations are given. Remember that you must first chip the animal and only then – vaccinate it against rabies, otherwise you will have to be vaccinated again.

Before vaccinating, it is worth deworming your pet if you do not do it on a regular basis. An animal that has been weakened by parasites may react negatively to the vaccine and may not develop the necessary immunity to the disease. The vaccine can be given two weeks after the worms have been expelled.

The first and mandatory vaccination for all countries is against rabies: all animals need it – dogs, cats, ferrets and the list goes on. The pet should be vaccinated 21 days before departure (quarantine time is required to produce antibodies), if this is the first rabies vaccination, then 28 days before. If vaccinated earlier, check the date: the vaccine is valid for one year.

After 21-28 days, you and your pet should go to a state-accredited laboratory – for example, a clinical diagnostic center under the Rosselkhoznadzor FGBU “VGNKI” (Moscow) – and donate blood to determine the title. of antibodies to rabies virus. You do not need this document to leave Russia, but you will need to enter other countries (for example, Turkey and the UAE). The processing time of the analysis is 5-14 days.

According to Rosselkhoznadzor, if your dog, cat or ferret is under 12 weeks old and has not come into contact with wild animals susceptible to rabies, they do not need vaccination, but it is best to check this information with the consulate. or the embassy of Chora. In addition to rabies, animals should be vaccinated against acute infectious diseases. The first vaccination is given to an animal – cat, dog – at the age of 8-9 weeks, the second, already with rabies vaccination, at 12-13 weeks, then this procedure is performed once a year, explained the doctor of the internet. Veterinary Service VetExpert. Alexey Kalinovsky.

With birds, the situation is much more complicated. For them, there are special requirements for vaccination and microchips, which you should find out at the embassy. Also check if your winged friend is on the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) list. If so, you must obtain an export license from Rosprirodnadzor. Detailed information on the issuance of CITES licenses can be found here. The deadline for obtaining this certificate is 25 days.

Before leaving, you should again clean your dog from the tape (echinococcosis) and not with home remedies, but in a state clinic. Information on the deworming of pets – the name of the medicine, the date and time of treatment – is entered in the veterinary passport. According to EU requirements, echinococcosis treatment is carried out no earlier than 120 hours and no later than 24 hours before the animal is imported into the European Union.

Be sure to get a veterinary certificate form No. 1 issued by the state veterinary service. It contains all the information about your pet and the route of your movement back and forth, if you are going to return within 90 days, notes Alexey Kalinovsky. According to him, this certificate must be obtained at the earliest five days before the trip, at the earliest three weeks after the rabies vaccination and at least one month before the end of the vaccination. When crossing the Russian border at the border veterinary checkpoint, the document is converted into an international veterinary certificate and a veterinary certificate of form No. 5a.

If you travel to the countries of the Eurasian Union (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), you will be issued a certificate of this union. The process will take time, so it is best to get to the airport in advance. You can do it the day before departure, notes Alexey Kalinovsky.

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This point becomes particularly difficult due to the massive suspension of Russian companies’ flights abroad and foreign flights to Russia. From foreign airlines, Turkish Airlines, Air Serbia, Emirates, Belavia fly to the Russian Federation. It is best to clarify the rules for transporting pets with the company. For example, Turkish Airlines does not accept pregnant animals on board, as well as kittens and dogs under 10 weeks of age. In the cabin, you can carry an animal weighing no more than 8 kg in a cage (the airline does not provide) with dimensions not exceeding 23 cm in height, 30 cm in width and 40 cm in length. All other animals will go to the luggage compartment.

Each company has its own tariffs for the transport of animals. Placing a pet in the cockpit of a Turkish Airlines aircraft will cost you 120 Turkish pounds (about 850 rubles at the exchange rate on April 18, 2022) and in the luggage compartment – 200-350 pounds (about 1130-2000 rubles) depending on its weight your pet. It is best to book a ticket for a pet trip with the airline itself to find out if the quota for transporting animals on the flight is full. Also, not all companies carry dogs and cats with muzzle levels (pangs, boxers, bulldogs, Persian cats): due to respiratory problems, they may die during the flight.

It is important that your first aid kit contains an absorbent medicine used for eating disorders, an antihistamine for allergic reactions, an antiemetic if your pet is sick, and a wound treatment. Be sure to contact your veterinarian for medication names. The main thing is not self-action, as some sedatives can, in turn, cause tachycardia.

Doctors advise you not to feed your pet at least a few hours before the flight, especially if it is going to travel to the barn, to avoid the risk of vomiting. It is also recommended to trim the nails or wear silicone pads so that the animal is not scratched in a stressful situation.

If the pet flies with you in the cabin, under no circumstances let it out of the cage and move it once more – to calm it down.

Alexandra Galyamina, Medical Director of Dr.Hug Veterinary Center:

“We recommend that our customers give their pets sedatives two to three days before departure and see how they react to them, as well as take a sedative spray with them on the road. It is also best to spray the carrier with this spray in advance to get the animal used to it. It is worth bringing a drinker with a capacity of up to 100 ml, which can be transported by plane, although cats and dogs rarely drink when they are stressed. Specific medicines are prescribed by the doctor only after examination, based on the health status of the pet. Before flying, it is best to follow a starvation diet for 4 to 8 hours, but it is important to consider the age of the animal as well as the type of food it eats: meat is digested more than dry food. Kittens and puppies are not recommended to fast for more than two to three hours and it is best to take a small amount of their usual food to avoid stomach upsets.

If not more than 90 days have passed since your departure, it is enough to show the issued certificate No. 5a and an international veterinary passport at the Russian border. If you stay abroad for a longer period of time, 14 days before departure, take your pet to a local veterinary clinic for testing. The doctor will record the health status of the pet in the passport with the date and will put his signature. That will be enough to get you home.

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Margarita Fedorova

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