Alki remains in the Red Book. What other animals are protected by the state Nature Society

Exceptionally

Let’s go back to the elk story. What was the indication for the hunters who tried to prevent this animal from being included in the Red Book?

They supported their request to cancel the order of the Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources to include the moose in the Red Book with the fact that after 2009 no one had accurately studied the population of this animal and the conclusions are said to have been taken from the roof. . However, the opposite side referred to the hypotheses of the scientists that a little more than 3 thousand people of European moose remained in the territory of our country. In addition, ecologists claim that, according to research by scientists from the Institute of Zoology named after I. Shmalgauzen of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, if urgent protection is not taken, then by 2050 these animals will become extinct. completely from the territory of Ukraine.

In the meantime, to rule out further manipulations, the Ministry of Ecology and Nature has agreed with the Frankfurt Zoological Society, which at its own expense is investigating the elk population in Ukraine. And last year, with the help of a helicopter, the territories of two forest companies in the Zhytomyr region were explored.

The Red Book of Ukraine is an official document of national importance, which contains a list of rare, vulnerable and endangered species of flora and fauna in Ukraine, as well as general information on the current state of these species and measures for their conservation. The species listed in the Red Book are subject to protection throughout the country, within the continental shelf and its maritime economic zone. As of April 2019, only 1369 species are included in the Red Book of Ukraine: 543 animals and 826 representatives of the flora. It is regulated by the Law of Ukraine “On the Red Book of Ukraine”.

The Red Book must, by law, be published every 10 years. Our first such collection was published in the Soviet era, in 1980 – the Red Book of the Ukrainian SSR. Then there were two other editions – 1994-1996. and 2009. There is a new version, which is still in the process of preparation. The law stipulates that in the intervals between publications, species of animals and plants can be registered in the Red Book by separate orders of the competent ministry, something that was done in relation to the elk. Although, according to environmentalists, this only happens in exceptional cases.

It desperately needs protection

Judging by how many animals are included in different editions of the Red Book, the fauna situation is deplorable. In the first, still Soviet version, 85 representatives of the animal world fell under the protection of the state, in the second – 382, ​​in the third – 542. Of the representatives of the fauna, now has a bison, a lynx, a brown bear, a hedgehog with ears, ermine, forest cat, otter, white hare, black stork, deer, gerboa, vertigo, green lizard, golden eagle, steppe viper, wild horse, snake with patterns. Will we keep them?

Defenders of nature claim that humanity has now entered a period where the extinction of species on Earth has accelerated 1,000 times compared to natural evolutionary processes. This is the result of economic activity and the wrong intrusion of humans into nature. And in the next three years, more than 15 species of animals and birds, as well as 4 species of fish, may become extinct from us.

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“Accelerating the extinction of species has never been so real and has never posed such a serious threat as it does now,” said Oleksandr Chistyakov, head of Ukraine’s National Ecological Rand. – As a rule, species associated with freshwater ecosystems disappear first. One of Ukraine’s latest losses is the European sturgeon, also known as the Atlantic sturgeon. It survived the dinosaurs and the mass extinction of species on the planet, but was destroyed in our time as a result of human activity. The following sturgeon species are next in line for extinction – beluga, stellar sturgeon, spike, sterling.

Kessler turbot, quicksand, carp, minnow, Danube stone, many types of flooring, gold carp, barbel, podust, fish, shemaya, Black Sea seahorse, Danube salmon, grayling, lamprey, sea pike, croaker, wrasse nosar, sea bass, red mullet, burbot. Compared to 1991, the most common species of freshwater fish at the time, sea bream, did not exceed 25%, pike – 15%, catfish – 8%. And not so long ago, the common species of carp, sablefish, mouthpiece are on the verge of extinction.

According to Chistyakov, the list of endangered animals includes a brown bear, a lynx, a bison, a moose, a hermit crab, a sambarium, a hops, a desman, a European mink, a steppe ferret, a monk seal , hare, a steppe eagle, a black stork, a barn owl, a forest cat, a hedgehog with ears, a gray bat in the ear, a black vulture, a capercaillie, a fire salamander, a garden dormitory, a leopard snake. But they are still alive and in need of protection – not only from the processes that occur in nature as a result of global warming, but also from human activities – hunting, poaching, deforestation and soil pollution. Chistyakov believes that rehabilitating certain species is a very expensive pleasure that we can not afford. But now the point of no return has not yet been overcome and nature has a feature of self-healing. This means that we just have to change our approaches to the protection and use of natural resources. We must fight for nature, not against nature. After all, otherwise humanity will eventually become an endangered species.

Alla Rybalko

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