Birch juice is a special passion for those who remember their Soviet childhood.
“They are already starting to pick it up with the first thawing and continue to do so until the buds open, that is, until the end of April,” avid collectors of the miraculous drink told MK. – The nutrients that accumulate in the core of the tree rush upwards under the force of the root pressure, but in order not to damage the tree, no more than three liters of useful moisture can be pumped from it.
You must select birches with a trunk diameter of at least 30 cm. The bark is cut in the selected sample. An aluminum or plastic groove is inserted into the slot, through which the juice flows into a suspended container. The shelf life of birch sap without treatment is 2 days. For long-term storage, it must be preserved.
By the way, the same can be done in April with the maple, but to get maple syrup from its juice will require special skills.
What is in the birch sap
Glucose and fructose – from 0.2% to 2.25%, sucrose – even less.
Calcium, magnesium, potassium – in fairly high concentration.
Manganese – 200 g of juice contains a full daily dose.
The composition of the juice contains about 17 amino acids, but all in extremely low concentration.
Vitamin C and B – in low concentrations.
What else can a man do in the forest in April? Collect mushrooms. The morocco that is known to most mushroom pickers is the most widespread species in our forests this season. It is usually the most and is harvested in the spring.
“Only lovers of the delicate taste and original smell of these mushrooms should remember that they belong to the group of conditionally edible mushrooms, as they contain gelvellic acid, which destroys blood cells and the liver,” notes the Ministry of Ecology of the region. .
A regular range is also conditionally edible, so you need to keep your eyes open for it. It grows in sandy soils, preferring coniferous and mixed forests to deciduous ones. He likes the old burnt areas and the glades, they can be found under poplars.
Even in the spring, but only in May, the nettle is harvested. While it is new – very therapeutic. It goes into cabbage soup, masks are made to strengthen the hair. Young nettles are difficult to burn, but often grow overgrown, so it is best to collect them with gardening gloves.
Once upon a time, herbalists went to the forest for his other gifts: birch buds, berry leaves, sea buckthorn bark, pine buds and pollen were suitable for the people’s first aid kit in the spring, but we will not climb into such a jungle. Modern bourgeois and rural people, as a rule, do not pay attention to these “little things”.
But the fern is a special plant, it is now in trend. Connoisseurs gather its small fleshy spirals, which have not yet spread branches to the sides. Bracken can be salted, you can cook immediately with vegetables or cook with salt. This herb has many vitamins and healthy compounds: tannins, minerals, alkaloids, flavonoids, acids. Doctors recommend the use of this wild plant in patients with cholelithiasis, those who have problems with the thyroid gland and kidneys.
Even in the spring in the forest, you can prepare for the future a vine (cut willow branches) for weaving baskets and furniture. It is best to finish this collection before mid-April, while the trees are still dormant, although many pick them all year round, except for the intense frosts.
Among the inhabitants of the Moscow region there are such fans of berries that go for last year’s blueberries that overwintered under the snow. And then comes the time of koltsopoula, which is useful for big colds, as it has a diuretic and sweating effect.
But let’s understand what remains forbidden in the forest near Moscow. Neither in spring nor in summer can you collect plants and mushrooms with narcotic action.
In addition, you can not touch the Red Book plants. In the Moscow region, these are the oak anemone, the Marshall’s peaks, the spring adonis, the open lumbago and much more. It is impossible to visually determine whether a plant belongs to the Red Book species or not, but the above plants are united by the fact that they are all beautifully flowering. Therefore, it is best to avoid tearing and pressing any flower in the forest.
This is especially true for primroses. Their age is small, but they are very necessary for the insects that have woken up from hibernation. But if you bring them home, it is even pointless to put them in a jar – they will wither very quickly.
“MK” Help: What threatens violators of forest law if they remove a plant from the forest that can not be torn: a fine of up to 5,000 rubles for individuals and up to 70,000 for legal entities.