This season, an unusually snowy winter was observed in the mountains of the Black Sea region of the Caucasus. The amount of snowfall has broken a five-year record and spring has also been delayed. The old people in these places are confused – usually the fruit trees faded in mid-March and until then it was possible to complete the planting on private plots, but this time nature made us wait. Just recently the cold finally subsided and the surrounding mountains began to be hastily covered with fresh greenery and flowers.
While the mountain peaks are covered with snow, the long-awaited primroses open in the valleys – they rush to show their beauty before the green foliage on the trees and the emerging grass cover them from the sun.
“The mountains are an amazing place to watch the changing of the seasons. After all, this happens not only according to the calendar, but also vertically – spring rises to the tops of the mountains from the valley and winter, by contrast, descends from the mountains to the river. The Western Caucasus in Russia is distinguished by the highest biological diversity and in the resort area there are over 950 species of plants, one third of which are endemic, ie located only in this part of the world. The slopes of the Aibga ridge, home to the Rosa Khutor resort, are home to more than 180 rare species of animals and plants, some of which are relics, reminiscent of a past geological era. And as soon as the snow subsides and thawed patches appear, we see first of all the unusually beautiful face of the mountain nature “, says Dmitry Kolosov, director of sustainable development at the resort Rosa Khutor.
White avalanches and purple cyclamen are the first to appear on the slopes along the banks of the Mzymta River, these are rare plants included in the Red Book of Russia. As the melting line of the snow rises, they give way to hellebores, violets and forgotten ones, followed by wild strawberries. These colorful floral rugs can now be seen under the canopy of a forest that has not yet been covered in leaves, walking along the Mzymta embankment in Rosa Dolina. Now sakura is in full bloom here, gathering around those who want to take a photo as a souvenir. In nearby settlements, narcissus and fruit trees bloom everywhere – cherries, apples and pears.
The summer season at Rosa Khutor starts on April 29 this year and soon the resort visitors will be able to observe the flowering of wild Caucasian pears in the forest, under the dome of which yellow rhododendrons with a dizzying aroma will appear. At the end of May, at the height of the Mountain Olympic Village (1170 m. Above sea level), lupins will bloom along the snow-free ski slopes. These are beautiful plants, but their distribution in the resort must be regulated so as not to threaten the local flora. Then abundant colors can be observed in alpine meadows. In the second half of June, when the snow falls from the peaks of the Aibga ridge, the visitors of the resort will be thrilled by the Caucasian rhododendrons that adorn the mountains with rich cream, white and pink flowers.
The middle of summer on the mountain slopes will be marked by the flowering of orchids, bells and lilies and from autumn nature has a special surprise – the crocus in the alpine meadows and the colchic in the mountain forests bloom intensely and abundantly when nature seems to fall sleeps and waits for the snow.
“Rosa Khutor is a place where the line between the cold of winter and the colors of spring can be seen from February to June, moving along the melting line of snow, which shifts to the tops of the mountains at the beginning of warmth. “This amazing spectacle leaves no one indifferent and makes one love and appreciate the nature of the mountains, for the sake of the meeting with which visitors from all over Russia come to us”, concludes Kolosov.
The main natural law of the mountains is the altitude zone. The higher in the mountains, the colder it gets, the more rainfall falls, the composition of the fauna and flora changes. With the Roza Khutor cable car, resort guests can walk through the heat-loving deciduous forests in conditions similar to the polar tundra, as well as experience an impressive variety of mountain landscapes.