A new edition of the Irkutsk District Red Book has been published. Reports 432 species of plants, animals and other organisms living in the area. They are all in danger.
Fewer birds, more mushrooms
The Red Book is published once every 10 years. A special committee gathers information on the habitat status of living organisms and decides which representatives of the flora and fauna should be protected. As a result, the list of the inhabitants of the “Red Paper” changes. Compared to the first edition, there are fewer fish, mammals and birds in the Red Book. But now there are more fungi, mosses, vascular plants and crustaceans that need protection.
Experts from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Irkutsk Oblast, scientists and social activists worked on the new edition of the Red Book. The circulation is 1000 copies, you can get acquainted with its electronic version on the website of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Irkutsk Oblast.
Among those who no longer need conservation status is the great cormorant. The number of birds has increased so much that it can be found even on the banks of the Boguchansky Reservoir, where this species has not been found before.
– The result of the work for the book can be compared to an iceberg, on top of which is a printed version and in its heart is a deep analysis of the state of the flora and fauna of our region, – says the person in charge publisher of the editorial board of the Red Book, director of the Center for Field Research of the Baikal “Wildlife of Asia” Viktor Popov. – The growing anthropogenic impact on the environment convinces us that it is necessary to protect nature with all our might to preserve biodiversity.
The book contains many illustrations of plants and animals. This is necessary so that during a meeting with them a person can identify the species that disappears from appearance.
The Irkutsk Region Red Paper sets out the priority of preserving endangered species in the design of businesses, structures and other projects related to environmental intervention.
Administrative liability is provided for the destruction of plants, animals and other organisms mentioned in the Red Book. The government has a methodology for determining the extent of damage caused to flora and fauna, fungi and lichens included in the Red Book of the area, as well as their habitat.
Over the years of its existence, the Red Book has repeatedly proven its effectiveness. During the design of the pipeline in the Ust-Kutsk region, the nest of one of the endangered bird species was discovered. The experts made a change in the project to bypass this place. On the island of Olkhon, the construction of a tourist base has stopped, next to which is the habitat of the Mongolian toad. During the construction of the “Power of Siberia” pipeline, studies were carried out that made it possible to discover the habitats of the “Red Book” plant species. Measures have been taken to secure these areas from economic activity.
Logging is a major threat to biodiversity. With this in mind, methodological recommendations have been adopted in the Irkutsk region for the conservation of biodiversity during logging. It is planned to create protection zones around the habitats of the Red Book species. Their size is 20–30 meters for fungi and lichens and up to 500 meters from the nests of various species of rare birds.
Once every few decades, the Amur tiger continues to appear in the territory of the Irkutsk region. Thus, in 1997-2007, it was discovered in the Bodaibo area near the border of the Vitimsky Reserve.
A similar incident occurred here in late winter 2017. In the remote Homolho mine, located in the Highlands Patom, a large representative of the cats was found approaching the hunters’ residence and tearing the dogs apart. In the first half of the 19th century, tigers appeared regularly near Lake Baikal. In the 1940s, the tiger was hunted at the head of the Goloustnaya River. In 1867 it was found in the area of Karam village, in 1949 it was mined in the valley of the river Kirega.
From the 1980s to the present, on the territory of the Irkutsk region, it has been possible to identify “outbreaks” from which information about this predator originated: the Oka River basins from its outlet from the mountains to the Buryatia border . the river Uda and its right tributary Kara-Buren (Tofalaria). the Iya rivers – mountainous taiga areas in the area of Arshan villages, Ishidey. Taiga mountain sections of the basins of the Onot River and its tributary, the Urik River. In February 2012, traces of predators were found on the ice of the left tributary of the Uda – Upper Honda River.
A swarm of this species of 6-8 specimens was found on 21 August 2019 on the ground of a lake-swamp complex in the Irkut River valley west of the village of Tibelti (near the border of the Slyudyansky district). It was preceded by a heavy flood in the southwestern part of the area, which resulted in reeds flooding and falling partially, which caused active movements of tits.