Note for Balashikha residents going to the forest – BOLSHAYA BALASHIKHA

With the introduction of hot weather, we all actively try to go out in the suburban forest for recreation, forgetting the precautionary measures, protection from sucking from ixodid ticks. Danger areas are also cottages, leisure centers, summer children’s leisure camps, city parks and alleys. You can bring a tick home with freshly cutflowers and clothes. Dogs with their fur and skin can also carry the parasite to a city apartment after a walk.

Ixodid ticks are carriers of many microorganisms that cause diseases such as ixodid ticks. borreliosistick-borne encephalitis, unicellular helix human, anaplasmosis and Crimean hemorrhagic fever.

Ticks love moisture and therefore their number is higher in well-moistened places. Ticks prefer moderately shaded and moist deciduous and mixed forests with dense herbs and undergrowth. There are many ticks at the bottom of hiding places and forest ravines, as well as along the edges of forests, in willow densities along the banks of forest streams. In addition, they are abundant along forest edges and along grassy forest paths.

It is very important to know that ticks are concentrated on forest paths and grassy paths along the sides of the roads. There are many times more of them here than in the surrounding forest. Studies have shown that ticks are attracted to the smell of animals and humans who constantly use these paths when moving in the forest.

How to protect yourself from a tick bite?

When going on a vacation or holiday home, it is important to know and follow the following basic rules:

a. Clothing items. Choose clothes from dense light fabrics. Shirts, sweaters and jackets should have long sleeves with velcro or elastic cuffs, a high collar near the neck and be tangled in the pants. Pants are best worn in boots or high boots. Tie your head with a scarf or wear a hat. Exposed body parts and clothing should be sprayed with repellent and when returning from the forest, carefully examine yourself and your loved ones for the presence of a tick.

2. Vaccine. Another very effective method of the effects of an encephalitis sting is a special vaccine, which is given 1.5 months before leaving the city. One month after the first injection, repeat. And after 2 weeks, you can safely go to a dangerous area. Further, the vaccination is repeated after one year and then every 3 years. Contraindicated for pregnant and lactating mothers and during acute or exacerbation of chronic diseases.

Belongings from tick

As mentioned above, the consequences of a tick bite can be either a wound from contact with an insect, or a serious disease of the central nervous system. The main symptoms are high fever, headache, pain in the muscles of the neck and shoulder girdle, redness on the face and other parts of the body, nausea and vomiting. In severe cases, it may paralysis occurs and the worst outcome is death. However, the consequences of a tick bite and the symptoms of the disease do not appear immediately, but after 10-14 days. This time is enough to avoid problems.

How to behave after a tick bite?

If, on returning from a walk in the woods, you find a tick on yourself or someone at home, it would be best to contact clinic at the place of residence, a nearby hospital or emergency number 112. In a medical institution you will be qualified to remove the insect and tell you where to go for a test for the presence of the encephalitis virus in this tick. If there is no way to see a doctor, try to remove the tick yourself. Grasp it as close as possible to the bite site with tweezers or fingers through a gauze or cloth. Slowly turning the tick around its axis, remove it and then treat the wound with iodine, alcohol or cologne. Put the tick in a glass jar with air access, but the inability to crawl out of it, and send it for analysis as soon as possible. Protect the bite site from water and direct sunlight.

And remember that failure to follow the basic rules of behavior in nature can lead to a big problem. In all our troubles, in the end, we are the only ones to blame and not our little winged brothers.

If you have witnessed the incident or found yourself in a similar situation, call for help 24 hours a day from the integrated 24-hour telephone service:(495) 525-6-112, 8 (495) 524-4-112, 8 (915) 059-06-03 or to the “112” service from a landline or mobile phone.

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