The issue of forests, and especially the fire safety of the Krasnoyarsk taiga, becomes particularly topical at the beginning of the season. It warmed up quite early this year and the risk of fires led to the introduction of a special regime in most parts of the region. How to improve the situation by preventing forest fires and understanding the processes that take place in forests, scientists know.
New scientific projects to improve forest fire and emissions monitoring
Recently, projects to help improve forest fire monitoring and more rational forestry activities were discussed by Minister of Forestry Alexei Panov, representatives of the Yenisei Siberia Research and Training Center and Yenisei Siberia Development.
We are talking about projects of strategic importance not only for the region, but also for every country in whose territory there are forests, as well as for the solution of global environmental problems in general.
First, it is a project to improve the forest fire monitoring system.
In the area today it is launched on many levels, but that is not enough. It is planned to increase the number of satellites that will monitor forests in inaccessible areas and in addition to update this information many times more often.
Modern technologies make it possible to see the edge of a fire from space even in smoke or cloudy conditions, to monitor the condition of forest fuels found in the streets of the taiga.
The monitoring of forest fires will become more accurate and large-scale
In addition, the area has its own development of special equipment and machinery that will assist in the transfer and processing of information between teams involved in firefighting, where today there is almost no communication.
“A multi-stage system has been developed in the Krasnoyarsk Territory to monitor the state of forest fires. Our task is to continuously improve it in order to increase the effectiveness of forest protection, especially in inaccessible areas, where about 70% of the forest fund of the area is located. “Only the projects of the Yenisei Siberia Scientific and Educational Center will help us to fulfill these tasks as efficiently as possible,” commented Minister Alexei Panov at the meeting. – In fact, our experts are already actively interacting with the center’s experts and implementing their suggestions in practical work. “It’s important in the process to train our employees in new skills, including the use of digital technologies and space data.”
Second, facilities such as coal landfills, which provide a picture of greenhouse gas emissions and absorptions, will help fight fires.
The new projects involve the expansion of the network of carbon polygons, which will allow the overall assessment of the environmental role of forest ecosystems.
Carbon polygons are a network of stations where material and energy flows are measured. Photo from ZOTTO station
“In fact, these are stations where, in the long run, studies of various parameters of forest life activity are carried out, for example, CO absorption volumes2 and the release of oxygen from plants, the balance of these processes, and the identification of the natural factors that affect them. “Analyzing such data makes it possible not only to reduce the likelihood of adverse effects, but also to increase the efficiency of forest management,” Sergey Verkhovets, head of the Yenisei Siberia REC project office, told DELA.
The network of carbon polygons that exist today in the area was laid by scientists from the Institute of Forests. VN Scientific Center Sukachev Krasnoyarsk SB RAS. It includes, for example, the only ZOTTO station – with a mast of 300 m., Located in the middle of the taiga, 25 km from the village of Zotiko. Another station is located at Dikson and provides data on the state of Arctic ecosystems. In addition, there are several small towers in the middle sub-zone of the taiga.
“Our task is to expand the network of carbon polygons in order to connect the stations with each other and to cover new areas: for example, the southern taiga zone. That is why it is necessary to settle the issue of forest areas for the installation of equipment together with the Ministry of Forests of the State “, said the scientist.
According to him, this is especially important today, when the “mortality” of southern forests and especially cedars is increased. In recent years, trees are becoming more and more susceptible to fungal infections and unexpectedly, which creates an increased risk of destruction by fire. New research sites will also make it possible to include abandoned agricultural land, wetlands, tundra and forest tundra in the research.
“Polygonal carbon is as necessary as a thermometer in a hospital. “The stations measure the flows of matter and energy, making it possible to evaluate the role of our natural ecosystems”, the expert concluded.
The network of carbon polygons in the area will be expanded
Data from coal landfills are not just needed by the area: for example, they are used to prepare national greenhouse gas reports,
“National Land Registry”, provided to the UN, and to evaluate the effectiveness of sustainable development projects supported by the VEB.RF.
It is worth noting that the world-class REC “Yenisei Siberia” was created as part of the national project “Science” with the support of Governor Alexander Uss. In 2021 it was recognized as a world-class science and education center and received federal support. REC includes scientific and educational organizations, real sector companies of the three regions of Yenisei Siberia. The organization’s portfolio includes more than 50 projects and in the future – the creation of a center for the training of a new generation of research staff in demand around the world.