The bananas will be transported to Russia via North Korea

In a popular network, a kilo of coffee beans in the retail trade increased in price from 1,100 rubles (it was 800 for one offer) to 2,000 rubles – and now there are no discounts or offers for it. And the same bananas from 60 rubles in early March today increased to 90 – they have risen in price by one and a half times.

Everyone’s favorite black tea with long leaves, without which many Russians simply refuse to wake up, has not changed in price. 450 rubles for a package of 200 grams. Although earlier on the bench they always stood close with a discount (300 rubles) and without a discount. And from mid-March, the tea is only at a commercial price …

The same can be said for other products from far away: pineapples 381 rubles, Moroccan tangerines 267 rubles per kilo, we did not even find apples cheaper than 120 rubles. The reddest price is 140-150 rubles.

The results of studies conducted by various institutions show that during the 8 years of the import substitution program, the share of imported products in Russia decreased by one third. And that today on the shelves we see only 25% of the products “from there”, everything else is ours, domestic.

Of course, it would be good to continue the import substitution, so that our souls calm down and we are not threatened by any restrictions. Only, as we have already said, not all products are developed in Russia.

On average, we import more than 1.5 million tonnes of citrus fruits (46% oranges and 34% lemons) annually from Turkey, the main supplier, Morocco, South Africa and Egypt. Bananas Russia buys $ 1.1 billion in Ecuador.

We import coffee in a quantity of 185 thousand tons per year. The main suppliers are Brazil, Vietnam, Italy and Indonesia. Another refreshing drink is tea, it can be grown in Russia (it is not of the highest quality) only in some areas of the Krasnodar Territory and in the Republic of Adygea. We can safely say that here too we are 100% dependent on imports, since the share of the domestic product in the market is less than one percent. We buy 170 thousand tons in Sri Lanka (32%), India (23%) and some other countries.

As can be seen from the geography of supplies, the producers of these and other goods are usually on the edge of the earth. What is particularly encouraging is that the countries where we buy these products have not joined the anti-Russian sanctions and remain our loyal economic partners.

Why then the rise in price and the general concern for their preservation in commercial variety?

Since the start of the special operation in Ukraine, suppliers, even the most friendly ones, have been facing great financial risks due to the unstable exchange rate of the ruble and the logistics of transport, which have been disrupted due to the sanctions imposed. Intermediaries increase selling prices so as not to run out of working capital – otherwise subsequent purchases will have to be made in smaller volumes. Almost all suppliers have turned to 100% prepayment for goods and getting a loan is often unrealistic.

This is one reason for the price increase – delivery problems. Officially, our employees are looking for alternative routes to bring the most valuable cargo for sale as quickly as possible. But the choice here is small – given the delivery shoulder.

Russian ships are not allowed to enter many ports abroad, we have to wait for them to come to us. The sea route from Brazil and other Latin American countries is controlled by Americans and Europeans. The cargo for Russia can be returned to the port of departure.

Ground transport is also unreliable. Trucks, refrigerators remain idle at the border for days, bypassing customs. Not all fragile products can withstand such trips…

Difficulties in logistics, the settlement system and the attraction of affordable loans to replenish working capital have already prompted Rusprodsoyuz to send a letter to the government asking it to “by all available means” support the “critical imports”. . The list includes all products, raw materials, ingredients and other related products purchased in international markets.

Although retail chains are advised not to overdo it. Bananas are a delicate product, but they are also found in supermarkets and are fresh.

“The logistics are changing,” said Andrey Karpov, chairman of the board of the Union of Retail Market Experts. It turns out to be longer and more expensive, but the goods go.

No disaster is foreseen. No one will give a forecast for the price increase. Now the situation is stable, the ruble has strengthened, import prices have slowed. And the demand for currency today is much lower than before. If the market situation is relatively stable, prices will rise within the limits of inflation…

With exotic products, the only thing that is clear is that nothing is clear. Economists cite too many conditions to range from the usual for us 10-15%. But there are many traditional products on which we also depend to a large extent and which we could successfully produce ourselves.

Table grapes – we consume 300 thousand tons this year and grow 60-80 thousand tons ourselves. It is not surprising that already this year its cost has increased from 100-250 rubles to 150-400 per kilo. While various varieties of grapes today grow quietly even in northern Russia.

According to Nikolai Sidortsov, President of the Moscow Viticulture Club, there are fans of this crop in Tver, in the Leningrad region and in the Southern Urals. Even in the Arkhangelsk region, where reindeer herds graze, grapes grow.

To get rid of dependence on imports, capital investments are needed in this sector, in the construction of refrigerators, but serious investments have not been made yet. And they are unlikely to be calculated in the near future. Citizens’ Initiative. If they realize that grapes can be grown almost all over Russia, then three to five varieties in each location, then for the whole year they will provide this berry not only to the gardener himself, but also to his relatives.

The same applies to walnuts and hazelnuts, which are 90% planted in our country. If desired, we can increase the volumes from time to time, but such a desire (most likely among domestic officials) does not arise. Budget subsidies do not include a line to finance the production of these products.

Although for the rest of the “nuts” (pistachios, cashews, Brazil nuts), which are bought entirely from Russia, you can not try – they do not grow in our area.

Fruit is not at all strange to us. Apples, pears, cherries, plums … Well, you see, these are not cocoa beans, they grow in almost every gardener in Moscow.

However, Russia alone accounts for about 40% of demand. And only 15% is selected for fresh sale. The rest go for processing due to the unsightly presentation and the lack of competitiveness with their relatives abroad.

It turns out that more than 80% of beautiful apples are imported. This is a real shame for the state – and they could produce. And there are such government programs. 3-4 years ago, large high-intensity gardens were created in the North Caucasus, Dagestan and Ossetia. With drip irrigation, according to Italian technology and Italian varieties of apples, pears and plums. This is a real industrial gardening, which will soon be able to fill our market with fruit.

The issue remained small: for modern gas storage facilities, so that the harvest could last until next season. There is also such a program planned for the next two years. Only compensation for the construction of facilities by the state is provided in the amount of 25%. And with building materials halved, that’s very little. According to the manufacturers, the cost should be reimbursed within 50% at least.

Igor Abakumov, Candidate of Economic Sciences, host of the Rural Hour program, is sure that in no case will there be a shortage of citrus and other exotics in the country.

“They will continue to rise in price for at least a year and there may be supply disruptions,” he says. “Until we develop new sustainable routes.

“But most of these routes are controlled by America and its allies.

– It is now working on the issue of deliveries of goods from Southeast Asia via China and North Korea. The PRC has seaports, in addition, Russia has a 15-kilometer border with it along the Tumannaya River, rail transport and trains. Almost all issues are solvable, but due to the length of the route the products will become more expensive.

It is necessary to give freedom to the company, it will address these issues faster than the state. The task of the authorities is to introduce import subsidies for traders, to provide them with customs and border escort of goods.

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