The forest is burning – what to do? Instructions from Greenpeace. “Paper”

Since the beginning of the year, according to Greenpeace Russia, the fire has engulfed 17 million hectares of forest across the country. Due to the forest fires in Karelia, a state of emergency was declared and the settlements were evacuated, while the fire was extinguished in Sosnovy Bor in the Leningrad region for several days.

What to do if you notice a forest fire? How to prevent the spread of fire and how to escape? “Paper” publishes the Greenpeace Russia Directive.

  • Understand where you are and evaluate the threats. Try to express to yourself where you are. The landmarks can be the nearest settlement or a kilometer of the route with a description of which direction you were moving. Assess the threats: if the fire is moving to a forest, settlement, buildings, gas station or gas distribution station, transformer cabin.
  • Report the fire to the emergency services as soon as possible. Do not think that someone has already done it before you. There are several ways to report a fire.

    Call a single number for any emergency: 112.

    Press the “Emergency Call” button. on your phone.

    Call the ranger hotline: 8 800 100-94-00 Specialists protecting forests not only from fires but also from illegal logging and landfills will respond immediately to this telephone number.

  • Tell them what is happening and ask what the next steps will be. When contacting experts, give your first name first. Next, describe what you see. Finally, be sure to ask who got the call and what the next steps will be. If they do not answer, ask why. Sometimes a call to 112 is redirected immediately to the fire department, but firefighters can not come to the exit to the forest. Therefore, you may need to call other services – ask for their phone numbers.
  • Find a safe area. If the fire is near and you are in the smoke, you need to save yourself. Find a safe zone – places where there is nothing to burn: road, beach, stone or concrete platform. Do not dive into a river or body of water if you are not familiar with it – in an effort not to get burned, you may drown. Be especially careful in the swamp. If there is nothing unburned around, go where it will burn the weakest. For example, a deciduous forest burns more slowly and less intensely than a coniferous one.
  • If you can, wait for the firefighters and lead them to the burning forest. Even if you can not wait, stay in touch – a consignor or a ranger officer can call you back and tell you the details: for example, they will ask you how to get there.
  • Get right out of the burning forest. Here are some tips to help you save.

    Move along the windit should not blow on your back or face.

    Do not run and watch your stepso as not to stumble.

    Do not stop and go a lot in the smoke: In a fire, you can inhale carbon monoxide, even if everything seems to be carried by the wind. And there are small particles of soot in the smoke.

    Do not climb treeseven just to look around. Do not waste time and escape from the fire.

    Do not try to escape the fire on the hill. It will be difficult for you to run and the fire will rise very quickly.

    Do not hide in ditches or ravines, even if there is water at the bottom. When the fire reaches this place, all the oxygen will burn out quickly and you will have nothing to breathe.

    In the forest, do not try to make shortcuts through burned areas.: they are dangerous, trees can fall there. Do not be lazy and skip them and if you find yourself in a burned area again, go to the unburned from the shortest route. If a field burns, the safest place is on the contrary, in a burned area: there are no trees, there is nothing else to burn and the earth cools down quickly.

    Do not approach the fire of peat. If you see a hole with red, yellow or beige ash, from which smoke comes – this is it. Do not approach it more than one meter and do not press it: inside the temperature can reach 600 degrees and peat smoke is one of the most toxic. In addition, trees also fall on the burning peat.

  • Do not put out the fire yourself if you do not know how. And even if you think you can, take care of your clothes. Remember: if the clothes are synthetic, then the fire will melt, stick to the skin and release acid smoke. In this case, it will be almost impossible to remove the tissue from the body without surgery – the wounds heal for a very long time and leave scars.
  • Make sure there are no fires. Before going to the forest, check if a special fire regime has been introduced in the area: this can be seen in the daily report “On the state of forest fires in Russia” on the website Avialesookhrana. Follow a few rules.

    Do not throw cigarette butts in the forest and do not leave rubbish behind. Even a plastic water bottle can become a flashlight by refracting the sun’s rays.

    Light your fires properly. Clear the site from flammable materials, check that there are no low tree branches, tall grass near, do not put a tent near the fire. Dig a hole in the fire or enclose it with stones. Do not use gasoline or flammable mixtures for ignition. Keep the water close to the fire so that it can go out quickly if something goes wrong. Never make fires on peat.

    Extinguish fires according to the rule of three “p”: fields, mixing, control. Generously throw the fire with water, mix the coals with a shovel or stick – if your hands are not warm, then extinguish properly and safely. Extinguish the coals on the brazier, as in the fire: do not throw hot and hot coals on the ground and take the brazier itself, even if you no longer need it, take it with you. If you see that the fire has started to sink to the ground, you should either dig all the hot and warm earth and carry it to the nearest ditch with water or call firefighters: while the fire is small, the work will take tens of minutes. But if the stove stays for a week, then it will take hours to turn it off.

    Do not come to the forest with a broken car. Fires start with non-functional flame arresters or overheated mufflers.

    Do not shoot flying sky lights. Such products do not have unburned impregnation of the body: when the platform tilts with fire, the lens itself can ignite. If such a projectile falls into a forest, it may cause a fire.

    Do not set fire to dry grass in the fields, do not burn branches and leaves. Burn rubbish only in a metal barrel or other non-combustible container.

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