Propaganda in Belarus is a means of suppressing Lukashenko’s power, and not only the state media but also educational institutions are used for it in Belarus. What about the parents of students who are taught in the classroom that “there are only enemies around” and are told “where did the attack come from”? What steps can you take to protect your child from catechism? What is the difference between propaganda and information?
Parents, students, teachers and a human rights activist told EX-PRESS.BY what they think about propaganda in educational institutions. And the psychologist gave some advice to parents on how they can help children resist.
– “Tikhanovskaya is a fool. “All the problems in Belarus are because of her,” “Why do your parents teach you extra English?” You are unlikely to need it. Learn Russian, we are on the road with Russia. ” “All the countries around Belarus – Poland, Lithuania and others – are all our enemies and they want to capture us.” These are just some of the “pearls” that our child brought from school., – told EX-PRESS.BY the parents of a student from Zhodzina. – And it is in the 4th grade! All this is said by our teacher, a woman of years, a member of the electoral commission in 2020. Thank God, she stays for a month and a half and we leave primary school. But it is not guaranteed that it will not be the same in the future.
high school student Kindness I’m glad they have a very formal “patriotism” at school:
– But it does not matter: either representatives of “Belaya Rus” will visit the school, then they will come from the Ministry of Emergency Situations and after GOVD. In the Republican Youth Union of Belarus they are literally forced to leave. And, most importantly, our school tells us how lucky we are here in Belarus – we have free medicine and free education. But even students know that this is a lie, that they are taking money from their parents from the kindergarten for “free” supplies and equipment. I want to leave my school. Only thoughts about the parents intervene. Dad and mom are advised to ignore the “patriotic conversations” and just finish school …
– What’s wrong with that? Propaganda was always and everywhere, another parent shares his view. – Let me give you an example that this is not so bad. The niece is studying at the Polytechnic, she is 16 years old. In February, the day of the referendum on the new Constitution, her classmates bought crackers and decided to shoot them near the college building and the workers’ dormitory, where the polling station was. Hearing these shots, someone called the police. “The operation to arrest the intruders who want to carry out a terrorist attack” was very impressive and had consequences. The children were punished in many cases, while it seems that even fines were imposed on their parents. I think that if the 16-year-olds knew what kind of referendum is taking place and how important it is for the country, there would be no such consequences. They could arrange their fireworks in the park, which is very close.
The teacher of the Zhodino educational institution advises to look at all the modern democracies that left the USSR. In his opinion, all the changes and revolutions in them “were made by former pioneers and members of Komsomol”:
– And they can even do more than what brainwashed children today in Soviet schools. Personally, I never had to tell my students something I did not think about myself. But I’m not typical of a modern school, many people prefer to step back, dreaming in their hearts: “It would be better for these Lou and Pos to fall.” And yes, it would be nice if there was no propaganda. But at such a time, our duty, as in the underground, is to give children science, not to be guided by ideology and to be sustained.
“On the right, unfortunately, not new”
The rights of the baron and the former school teacher Alena Masliukova Prakamentala EX-PRESS.BY told ab prapagandze at school:
– Propaganda at school and the idealization of educational practice – on the right, unfortunately, is not new. This z’yava idze from the time of the unification of the state of Savetsk: from the Aktyabratsky zorachak, from the fake pyaner rallies, the palіtіnfarmatsy and the gd.
I have been standing on the ground for a long time, to allow the mentors to take out the teacher’s teachings and not to worry about it.
Адукаваныя настаўнікі (маю на ўвазе не веданне прадмета, а глыбокае разуменне сацыяльных і палітычных працэсаў, механізмаў і шляхоў развіцця чалавечага грамадства) павінны выхоўваць павагу да агульначалавечых каштоўнасцяў, павагу да правоў чалавека, а не «забіваць» вучням у галовы свае-чужыя думкі, mercavanni and perakanani.
I can not call myself a teacher of a tsalaveki, such as the right to war, slaughter, the plunder of the lands of others, the parish of a proper chalavek. There I lie that for months the chalavek booth was sam’ya, and then syam’ya would carry a consolation for the fact that their jitsia grew.
Role Zhnika ў School, in my view, – Navucci Dzizi Vuchytsts, and not Ratranslyavati Im Vedasy Idaalagiky Ih Apratso, slave of MAKLIVISHIKS, Lyudzeya NOT HEARTS, SWAYA RAMA.
“Schools need to be informed”
Psychologist Adriana Semenova believes that propaganda is definitely bad:
– And let them not say – “there is propaganda in school and it always has been”. No. There are two concepts – propaganda and information.
Children should receive information without coloring, stating facts, while the teacher can accompany the information with his / her own comments. That is, there is an event, and there is an attitude to that event. Propaganda removes the moment of information, leaving only its own or, even worse, an attitude to events given above. And this may not always be the case.
I have nothing against other views, but when it is presented as the only true one, then it is bad for several reasons. First, we provide ready-made food for thought, and so the brain stops straining to analyze, to build logical chains, to compare facts, to weigh them. Propaganda, whatever it is, deprives it.
In history, when students cracked during the referendum, it is said that “if there was propaganda” … Then, of course, here is the meaning of information. That is, if they were telling teenagers what kind of phenomenon a referendum is, without focusing on what is bad or good about it, but simply reporting an event, then they are more likely to avoid problems.
But when it comes to imposing on one side, which has the power, of its opinion as the only true, on other people, I am categorically opposed.
Let me give you an example of our body nutrition. For example, we decided that proteins are good and carbohydrates and fats are bad, “because they are supposed to be stored incorrectly, metabolism is disrupted.
Indeed, not so long ago, so-called “protein diets” were popular. Nutritionists sounded the alarm, because if we did not need fats and carbohydrates, our body could not get them. That is, they would be discarded from our body as unnecessary material.
But the cell membrane contains fatty acids and without them it will not be able to survive at all.
So it is with propaganda – it turns out that someone decided that you should only eat protein. But no organism will function normally in such a situation, it will suffer, because it needs a variety of foods to grow qualitatively.
Similarly, if we want to raise relatively poor people, then “propaganda is very good.” If we want to raise people who are able to choose a high quality profession, find their place and be as effective as possible, build quality relationships with family members, then propaganda is bad. If we accustom a person to something ready and we do not teach him to use other options, then when he finds himself in a situation that threatens him, he will not know a way out. He will endure a job he hates, he will endure domestic violence, just because he has been taught to be critical in every situation.
What should parents do?
It is clear that first graders, who are not yet capable of in-depth analysis and perceive an adult’s words as the absolute truth, simply need to explain that people have different views, experiences and knowledge. Talk about the fact that all people are different, thus expanding the child’s ideas about the world and man.
And to understand how to deal with older students, I will again give an analogy to human nutrition. If we come to a restaurant where only one particular type of food is served, it does not mean at all that we can not go to another cafe and eat another food. If the parents suspect that the child is “fed” at school with something that is not right, measures must be taken to protect him, to give him a variety of food.
Communicate with children, talk to them and, most importantly, do not use elements of other propaganda at home.
How can I do this? Ask so-called open-ended questions that start with question words, such as, “What did they tell you today in such a lesson?”, “What did you discuss?”, “What do you understand by this and what is not clear?”, “How do you feel about that? “,” What views did the other children express? “
These question marks are: “What? How? “Encourage them to understand the little information still in the propaganda. Open-ended questions differ from closed-ended questions in that they can not be answered with” yes “or” no “, but you have to think. So we add what is missing. It is like understanding that a child has eaten a lot of protein, then he needs fatty and carbohydrate food, that is, we give what he needs and we do not supplement it with the same protein, but in a different form.
By asking questions we do not impose, but let the child’s brain function normally, digesting this information and forming critical thinking. It is important that the child has the opportunity to express his ideas and thoughts. Then, in principle, nothing threatens the child – he must learn to filter the information and understand that there are other views.
When a child learns to ask his own, high-quality questions to other people, without getting into conflicts to learn what is important to him, he will be protected from propaganda.
Then, whoever and whatever they say, they will look for evidence and the opportunity to confirm or deny this information.
The most important thing is to talk to the child, try to get to know him and answer his even uncomfortable questions, help to obtain various information, thus develop critical thinking and then propaganda at school will not be able to to do nothing.
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