The benefits and harms of spicy foods for the human body: myths and truth about spicy foods – Lifestyle – St. Petersburg News

We understand why it is worth adding a little spice to the diet and to whom it will only hurt.

Some people add hot peppers to their food to lose weight. But does it make sense?Photo: Daria Selenskaya / City Gate Network
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Doctors often refer to Paracelsus and say that “everything is poison, everything is medicine. both are determined by dose. But what if certain foods are definitely poison? Here is a sharp example. Some people can not stand it, while others can not have a meal without it. But is it worth it to constantly strain peppers, spices and condiments? Why does acute heartburn occur? And is it true that such food can damage the receptors? These and other questions we asked our experts – gastroenterologists and nutritionists.

From acute weight loss?

This is partly true. For example, hot spices such as habanero, jalapeno and cayenne pepper have been shown to help with weight loss. The result is easily explained by the effect of spices on metabolism. They speed up the metabolism and make the body burn energy faster and more efficiently. And this, in turn, leads to weight loss.

And it all has to do with capsaicin – the very substance that is responsible for the burning sensation in the mouth. It can also speed up metabolism and reduce appetite.

“Substances in hot spices reduce blood triglyceride levels, increase the number of enzymes in the liver involved in fat metabolism, speed up metabolism, activate the fat oxidation process,” says nutritionist Polina Topil. Capsaicin neutralizes chronic inflammation caused by fat cells and reduces the production of the hormone ghrelin, which is responsible for the feeling of hunger.

Polina Topilina – nutritionist, doctor 1st categories.

But do not think that you can lose weight just by adding pepper to your diet. Calorie deficiency will always be responsible for weight loss, not pepper. In addition, scientists have discovered that spice lovers develop a kind of immunity in the product, thus minimizing its fat-burning properties.

Do spicy foods improve digestion?

“Any spicy spices stimulate the secretion of gastric fluid,” says Polina Topilina. – This, in turn, improves blood flow to the walls of the stomach and helps to restore its mucous membrane. At the same time, the substance capsaicin contained in hot peppers fights bacteria that can enter the digestive system with food.

Most of the causative agents of gastrointestinal infections, E. coli and bacteria are killed by foods and spices such as chili, cumin, ginger and garlic. But do not try spicy foods for healing. In addition to prevention. And even then, if you have no contraindications.

“The human body, especially patients with a gastrointestinal profile, will react very violently to a clove of garlic – it can create an irritating effect, it will be difficult with the pancreas, gastritis may flare up,” says gastroenterologist Galina Bartashevich. – I do not recommend trying it yourself whether you will have gastritis with garlic or not. For those who can not imagine eating without garlic and the stomach is already suffering, there is a typical cooking technique when a salad dish is simply wiped from the inside with a clove of garlic. Or rub a toast with a clove of garlic. The gastrointestinal tract treats it quite calmly.

Galina Bartashevich – gastroenterologist of the highest category, pediatric gastroenterologist, nutritionist, candidate of sciences.

If nature has rewarded you with these diseases, stay away from sharp ones
If nature has rewarded you with these diseases, stay away from sharp onesVitaly Kalistratov / City Gate Network
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Do spicy foods cause heartburn?

Heartburn is actually considered a minus of hot spices. But only if you seriously overdo it with spices. This is how it happens: excess gastric fluid (and spices increase its secretion) can enter the esophagus and cause an unpleasant burning sensation. If it is acute in small amounts, this will not happen. So do not blame spicy foods for everything. There can be many reasons for your heartburn.

Our body has many reasons for heartburn and without acute
Our body has many reasons for heartburn and without acuteVitaly Kalistratov / City Gate Network
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If heartburn bothers you, do not diagnose or experiment with food. Better to go to the doctor. As designed. The doctor will perform a comprehensive examination and determine the causes of the development of symptoms.

“First of all, the diagnosis of exclusion is functional non-ulcerative indigestion, ie a heartburn episode, but it is not repeated and is explained by eating disorders,” says gastroenterologist Galina Bartashevich. – The manifestation of the so-called acid-dependent diseases is more serious – it is gastroesophageal reflux, chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, chronic pancreatitis. All of these diseases require treatment, not just symptom relief.

If you have had heartburn once a week or more often in the last 12 months, it may be reflux.

“For the treatment of acid-dependent gastrointestinal diseases, a number of different groups of drugs are used, among which the main one is occupied by proton pump inhibitors,” adds gastroenterologist Dmitry Karpenko. – Of course, it is necessary to correct risk factors, change lifestyle and eating habits.

Dmitry Karpenko – Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Polyclinic Therapy, Medical School, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education of the Russian National Research Medical University. NI Pirogova, general practitioner, gastroenterologist.

Do Spicy Foods Lead to Gastritis?

Only if you can not live without spicy and every time you eat it for breakfast, lunch and dinner in industrial quantities.

– Excess spicy foods can lead to the development of gastritis – inflammation of the gastric mucosa, – says Polina Topilina. – It is usually caused by infection, but regular irritation of the stomach walls with spicy foods can lead to a reduction in their protective barrier.

Doctors agree that spicy foods alone do not cause gastritis, but cause pain in people with existing problems. Acute increases the secretion of acid in the stomach and with gastritis, its mucosa is already poorly protected.

Can Spicy Foods Harm Your Taste?

If you abuse spices, there is a chance that you will lose the taste for a while. However, this does not mean that you will never feel anything again. To protect the body from pain, capsaicin causes numbness in the mouth and loss of sensation. The taste buds send a signal to the brain for a burning sensation in the mouth and begin to produce endorphins to block the unpleasant sensations. This is what causes numbness.

Some people add hot peppers to their food to lose weight.  But does it make sense?
Some people add hot peppers to their food to lose weight. But does it make sense?Photo: Daria Selenskaya / City Gate Network
If nature has rewarded you with these diseases, stay away from sharp ones
If nature has rewarded you with these diseases, stay away from sharp onesVitaly Kalistratov / City Gate Network
Our body has many reasons for heartburn and without acute
Our body has many reasons for heartburn and without acuteVitaly Kalistratov / City Gate Network

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