In the arms of unspoiled nature: top Crimean refuges Nature

Thus, the pride of the Crimea and popular tourist sites are the mountain-forest of Yalta, Opuksky, Kazantipsky, the Swan Islands, Karadagsky Shelters, as well as the Crimean National Park. All of them are federal.

In addition, according to the head of the Republic of Kazakhstan Sergey Aksyonov, last year a new specially protected natural area (SPNA) was created – the Oybursky landscape and the amusement park in the Saksky region. Three more protected areas will be created this year. In total, there are 192 protected areas of regional importance in the Republic with a total area of ​​about 96.5 thousand hectares.

Yalta mountain forest refuge

* The mountain and forest refuge of Yalta extends to 400 hectares along the relief of the South Coast – from Foros to Gurzuf. Here, for example, you can meet the real red deer.

Shtangeevskaya path

* Many ancient blocked paths have been preserved to this day. Routes offered to tourists today: Taraktash trail, Romanov road, Ecological Ring, Alupka-Issary and Biyuk-Issar forest trails, Devil’s Stairs (Shaitan-Merdven), Jewish trail, Koreiz trail (Miskhor), and trail to Ai ramparts -Petri, which is one of the most popular and affordable here. On foot, this trail can be overcome in 1.5 hours, enjoying the view of the age-old beech and wedding forest.

* And just before the holiday date – January 11 – 7 more new routes opened in the mountain and forest refuge of Yalta: “To Sigotur”, “Iograph”, Kurchatov path, “To Turquoise Lake”, “To the Pallas Pine”, “Babu-Koryto”, Uch-Kosh – Balan-Kaya – Vasilievka. You can read more about all the routes here.

Ecological path Biyuk-Isar

* The reserve boasts a large number of unique objects, such as: Uchan-Su waterfalls (the highest in Crimea) and Uch-Kosh, Mikhailovsky spring, three caves – Yalta, Geophysics and “Three-eyes”, a favorite place for photography – Silver Arbor and others.

Opuk Nature Reserve

* It is in the second place in attendance after Yalta. Its length is 14.5 thousand hectares.

Opuk Nature Reserve

* The main “feature” of the Opuksky shelter is the pink lake Koyashsky, which acquires a rich pink color at the peak of summer, when it is particularly hot. Another highlight – this time in the spring – is the luxurious flowering of Schrenk tulips and leafy peonies.

* What else attracts tourists here? The ancient settlement of Kimmerik (VI century BC – IV century AD), Acropolis (IV century AD), rock-ships (seen from the coast). In addition, here is the cleanest and almost deserted beach with amazingly clear sea water (which is especially valuable during the holiday season).

* Routes offered to the visitors of the shelter: “Priozerny”, “Tract Opuk”, “Between the sea and the lake”, “Elken-Kaya (Marine)”.

Koyashskoye Lake at the Opuk Nature Reserve

* In the territory of the Opuksky refuge, you can also see rare species of animals (1757 species in total) and plants (736 species), many of which are listed in the Red Books of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Kazantip Reserve

* Beams, dunes, caves, rocks, graceful coves and picturesque stone figures – this is the whole Kazantip Shelter, the total area of ​​which is 450.1 hectares.

Kazantip Nature Reserve

* Here you can see the ancient Greek settlement of Hercules, which dates from the II-I century. BC, the ruins of a mansion from the time of the Roman Empire, traces of ancient artificial terraces and a basin that gave the name to the entire peninsula of Kazantip (translated from Turkish – “cauldron on a hill”). There are also fragments of ancient ceramics and plaster dishes.

* Main routes: “Antique Kazantip”, “Coastal aquatic complex at Cape Kazantip”, “Coast of stone crocodiles”, “Big stone chaos”.

temple of the sun

* 420 species of butterflies live in the territory of the shelter. It also has a large number of endemic plants, including those listed in the Red Data Book.

* In July 2021, eco-glamping opened in the territory of the Kazantip Reserve, which fully complies with environmental requirements. It consists of four residential structures with a dome of superior comfort overlooking the Azov coast. It only works during the holiday season.

Swan Islands Reserve

* The Swan Islands are a small archipelago in the southeastern part of the Karkinitsky Bay of the Black Sea and its surrounding shallow waters. It is this, the shallow waters, as well as the abundance of plant and animal foods that attract waterfowl here. There are only 6 islands and their total area is 52 hectares.

Man during a walk in nature

* Sights are the mute swans, thanks to which the reserve got its name. In total, 266 species of birds live here: 39 species are listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation, 14 species – in the International Red Book.

* For the first time, the area attracted the attention of scientists in the 19th century and in 1949 the archipelago became a protected area. In the following decades, the area of ​​protected lands increased and their status increased.

* Two federal reserves are adjacent to the reserve – the “Karkinitsky” and the “Small Phyllophore Field”. “Karkinitsky” is one of the most important wintering and nesting places for waterfowl in the northern Black Sea region. The “Small phyllophora field” reserve was created to protect the algae colony from the genus phyllophora – a valuable plant with a high iodine content.

Karadag Reserve

* Kara-Dag’s study began much earlier than the creation of the first reserve in Russia – Barguzinsky (1917). Karadag has been attracting the attention of scientists since the late 18th century. The area of ​​the modern reserve is 2874.2 hectares, of which the water area is 809 hectares.

Karadag Reserve

* The uniqueness of the nature of Kara-Dag lies in the fact that here, in a relatively small area, forest species coexist with steppe species, mountain species with levels, etc. Many species of flora and fauna are mentioned in the Red Books of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

* The geology of the Karadag Reserve is also unique: the manifestations of the Jurassic-era volcanic eruption (150 million years ago) are most pronounced here, which created stunning soil forms. The ridges and peaks of Kara-Dag are composed of volcanic rocks, which, with their dark gray tones, differ from the neighboring hills, which are composed of light gray limestones.

Sea wave

* The Karagach ridge, and the rock the Ivan the Robber, menacingly rising above the bay, and the mysterious figures of the Dead City, and the pensive Sphinx (the rock of the Devil’s finger), looking into the distance of the sea and, of course , the Golden Gate, which can rightly be called the emblem of southeastern Crimea. And in the heart of Kara-Dag is the vaulted peak of Mount Athos – the highest point of the refuge (576 m above sea level).

Krymsky National Park

* One of the oldest specially protected natural areas in Russia. It occupies the central part of the main ridge of the Crimean mountains – from Yalta in the west to Alusta in the east.

Crimean winter mountains

* On its territory there are the highest peaks of the peninsula – Roman-Kosh (1545 m above sea level), Demir-Kapu (1541 m), Zeytin-Kosh (1537 m). Many of the most important rivers of the Crimea originate from the mountains of the national park: Alma, Kacha, Ulu-Uzen, Avunda, Derekoika etc.

* About 250 species of animals live here, including deer, wild boars, badgers, mouflon, deer, wolves. Of the birds, the black vulture and the vulture attract the special attention of scientists (listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation). The flora of the national park is represented by more than 2,500 species of plants and mushrooms, some of which are included in the Red Book.

Golovkinsky Waterfall

* One of the most popular excursion routes passes through the territory of the national park – “Crimea reserved”, following the Romanovskaya highway, built in 1913. Visiting the route is the Museum of Partisan Glory in Red Stone Cordon, which opened on May 9 2015.

Stock visit rules

1. Yalta Mountain Forest, Kazantip, Opuk: all included in the structure of the Federal State Financial Institution “Reserved Crimea”, from which you must obtain a permit to visit. To do this, you need to go to, select the interest reserve and fill out the application form to visit it. Next, you need to choose an invoice: tourist or preferential. The preferential interest rate, ie the right to free entry, can be used by Crimean residents, retirees, children under the age of 7, large families, veterans of the Great Patriotic War, etc. (The full list is on the website). An e-pass will be sent to the mailing address you specified, which you will need to present on any device to the inspector in reserve.

Opuk Nature Reserve

Please note that from January 1, the Kazantip and Opuksky nature reserves were closed to visitors until March 31.

2. “Swan Islands” (also under the jurisdiction of “Crimea with exclusive protection”) – an important area for many species of rare birds, which can be severely disturbed by the presence of one person. Therefore, the islands are open exclusively for science tourism. If you want to visit here for research purposes, call +7 (3654) 20 54 38 (tourism department) or email

3. Karadag Nature Reserve: visits are carried out by strictly organized groups, accompanied by an employee of the institution. Independent passage through the territory is prohibited. All details can be found at

Skelskaya Cave

4. Krymsky National Park: there are no ecological trails in the territory of the shelter and hiking, cycling and motorcycling are prohibited. Currently, it is possible to visit only with organized car and bus routes, accompanied by the reserve staff. There are technology maps for each route. Limits for visiting the shelter are approved annually by the Democratic Nature Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan, so the number of excursions is limited. All details can be found at

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