The weather this year looks like a nervous, even hysterical person. The rest of winter and the coming of spring were strange. The cold season did not want to give way to the heat. Gray clouds covered the sun, bad winds blew incessantly, streams of water poured from the sky. And even now, in the early summer, it’s a bit scary to put scarves and jackets in closets – it looks like the weather will still show its cool temperament.
Although May 2022 turned out to be boring, gloomy, depressing, it is not a fact that he became a sad record holder in the entire history of meteorological observations, which continues from the 18th century.
Meanwhile, May 1918 in Moscow remains the coldest in history. The average temperature then reached only six (!) Degrees heat. At 9 in Moscow there was no frost that reached minus 5.6 degrees. The average daily temperature was negative for the next two days.
Why did the weather throw such a trick? Of course, scientists will find an explanation for this phenomenon. But suddenly science is little involved in it and all the same political events are to blame? They really caught a cold …
On May 9, 1918, riots broke out at the Izhora factory on the outskirts of Petrograd – Kolpino. The women standing in line were upset by the news that the bread stocks were exhausted and there would be no new arrivals in the next two days. Troubled people began to gather in the town square, which the Red Guards tried to disperse. Shots were fired, the first victims fell to the ground.
They arrived in Kolpino in armor, machine guns appeared at the crossroads. The funeral of the victims was turned into political action – the workers held red banners and sang revolutionary songs. Wreaths were placed on the graves of the fallen with the inscriptions “To the victims of arbitrariness – defenders of the hungry”, “To the victims of the hungry – who died of well-fed power”.
The St. Petersburg Soviet in its appeal blamed all the Right Socialist Revolutionaries and the Mensheviks, who allegedly provoked. He promised that “the Soviet government would consider all processions and speeches as direct aid to an external enemy and would suppress them mercilessly.” And he kept that promise.
However, it is hardly worth constantly looking for links to important political events in natural disasters. This is only appropriate a few times, in special cases. Then the question is, “How was the weather?” – sounds harmless.
… A little warmer than 1918, it happened in Moscow in May 1864, 1867, 1876, 1917 and 1941. I will single out the last two years, because it was seasonal.
In 1917 the weather turned white. The pranks of May were comparable to those of winter. It is very likely that we will blame them for the confusion in the country. The revolutionary nervousness literally drove people crazy and the weather began to imitate them.
“May 9, 1917, on the occasion of a snow cyclone (to be empty!) Was renamed December 6. Also a kind of “revolution”! – wrote with an irony that looks like a mockery, the unknown author of Moskovskie Vedomosti. – Nikola in the summer gave his place to Nikolas in the winter! All the birthdays that celebrate the day of the angel on the 6th of December are congratulated on the 9th of May …
A blizzard swept through Moscow and flew south, tearing roofs, tearing down telegraph poles, knocking people and animals off their feet. This robber-expropriator, apparently, destroyed the strings and buds of fruit trees, berry bushes, lilac buds. The catastrophic course of this elusive anarchist is well known. It fell to the ground to the south, fell on Kyiv in a rage and caused incalculable devastation in fields, orchards and orchards. What a surprise for us malnourished! ”
May 23, 1917 Moscow employee Nikita Okunev wrote in his diary: “Yesterday ‘spring’ Nikola passed depending on the weather as ‘winter’. A blizzard raged all day, forming drifts on the railway. streets, tearing down telegraphs and fences, tearing down signs
Nature in 1941 behaved like a invertebrate hooligan – it froze, screamed like a witch, flew hills of snow. The snow cover remained until the end of April. But in May it did not improve. The first month of summer blew the Muscovites with cold winds and rain. For example, on June 3, during the day, the temperature was only plus 2.6 degrees and at night the next day it dropped below zero.
In mid-June 1941, the weather in Moscow was rather warm. Then it got cooler and on the morning of June 22, the thermometer showed plus 14 degrees. In a well-known photo Eugenia Chaldea “The first day of the war”, where the Muscovites hear a speech Molotov, are not dressed at all in summer, and the man in the foreground is completely dressed in a coat. The sun was hidden behind the clouds, fresh puddles were reflected on the sidewalk.
Everything seems to be explained here – nature seemed to weep for the first victims of the war, for the burning towns and villages. No one still knew what disasters awaited the people, but it was already clear that such a huge misfortune that had befallen Russia had not yet in its history …
Let’s go below in the footsteps of erratic weather.
In Moscow in May 2017, the average temperature was less than plus 11 degrees. On May 8, a snowfall began, which quickly covered the ground and trees with a white blanket. On the outskirts of the capital fell 34 mm of rain in the form of rain and snow per day. On Victory Day, the air only warmed to plus 4.6 degrees Celsius, the temperature was below the norm by almost 9 degrees.
But these are still avalanche flowers! On the eve of the warm season of 1980, on May 23 (!) A blizzard hit the capital, and it was minus 0.4.
Did something special and unforgettable happen that day?
No, everything was calm …
Among the more or less remarkable events one can single out the publication in Novoye Vremya on June 12, 1899 by a correspondent of the Parisian newspaper Novoe Vremya I. Yakovleva entitled “Conversation with Baron Gekern-Dante-son”. The following is an excerpt from an interview with Pushkin’s son:
“- Your father has never been to Russia after his sad story?
– No, but he saw the emperor twice later Nikolaos I. in Berlin. The first time they sent him Napoleon, then still president of the republic, to investigate the emperor’s opinion on the impending coup. The answer was yes. The second time he was sent by Napoleon, already emperor, to ask for the hand of the Grand Duchess (the French emperor disapproved of his sister Alexandra I and Nikolaos I Anna Pavlovna. – αυθ.). This time the answer was more than acute.
“Did you know old Geckern?”
– I knew very well. died at the age of 93 and visited us often. We could not stand him. “And he hated me so much that he fired me.”
Everyone is worried about the question: is it possible that next summer it will turn out to be stingy with the heat? In any case, meteorologists make cautious predictions.
Many remember the expression “Cold Summer of 1953”, which became the name of the famous movie. However, in reality, the weather in Moscow that year was quite comfortable – during the day the thermometer dropped below plus 20 degrees only a few times.
The average monthly temperature in July was close to normal, but the amount of rainfall was much higher. August 1953 also behaved quite “quietly”. It is true that he “cried” much more often than usual. Or rather, it just “cried” – more than 220 (!) Percent of the rain fell in a month.
The exact opposite of the cold summer of 1953 is the hot summer of 1972. From June to August there was unbearable heat. During this period, the temperature exceeded plus 30 degrees in Moscow 26 times and only 82 millimeters of rain fell. Forest and peat bog fires have started, the capital is shrouded in smoke. In that murderous summer, people were literally withering and begging nature for mercy.
The fight against natural disasters was controlled by the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU, headed by Leonid Brezhnev. Marshal of Defense Andrew Grecko for two months he settled in Shatura, near Moscow, where the flames were particularly raging. From there, the marshal monitored the development of the situation and gave the necessary instructions.
This happened when political decisions had to affect the weather. And he was affected – the data, in the end, managed to tame. However, she also seems to be tired, and therefore to moderate her violent temper.
Finally, there are two cases where the weather was not only capricious and crazy, which merged into ecstasy with political events, but also changed the course of history.
In May-June 1940, the retreating Anglo-French armies, under pressure from Wehrmacht troops, were pushed into the English Channel in the Dunkirk area. The German air force dominated the air, threatening to sink the ships that were going to evacuate the allied units. A huge body seemed to be threatened with imminent death as columns of German tanks approached.
And then came the “miracle of liberation”, as he later called this part of history Winston Churchill. A gray veil covered the sky, heavy rain fell, forcing the Luftwaffe to return to their bases. The Allies did not waste their time. They assembled all available boats and managed to evacuate more than 300,000 troops to the British Isles, who continued to fight against the Third Reich.
Fate certainly had a serious dislike for the forces of evil represented by Nazi Germany. This was confirmed on November 7, 1941. That day, the sky over Moscow was covered with thick clouds and snow fell to the ground. On the eve of the meteorologists gave just such a prediction and it became clear that in such weather, German aircraft could not take off and attack Moscow.
Here’s why Stalin ordered a military parade to be held in Red Square, which went down in history. The procession of soldiers and the movement of military equipment raised the spirit of the people, made them believe in the coming victory. It was still far away, but its invisible rays had already illuminated the vast country.
Hundreds of anti-aircraft guns were aimed at the sky and more than five hundred red-star aircraft were in full combat readiness, prepared to meet the enemy. However, the air raid siren did not sound on that historic day.