Kazan residents save forest orchids and oaks from floodplains

Subbotnik in Kazan Nursery of Rare and Red Plants held by environmental activists on World Conservation Day

“We collected dozens of garbage bags – mainly plastic, iron, paper, glass”

The Kazan Nursery Plant of Rare Plants and Plants is located in a picturesque area of ​​4 hectares near the village of Torfyanoy on the coast of Kazanka. Forest orchids, oak seedlings and irises grow here. The general cleaning started in the morning. Volunteers dug a pond and picked up rubbish, with which the nursery and adjacent areas were covered by strangers in winter.

“We collected dozens of garbage bags – mainly plastic, iron, paper, glass. They dug a lake, watered the beds of the Siberian iris, 640 specimens of which were planted last year. In addition, we assembled a small boat for the passage to the island of Torfyanoy, where we intend to carry out an inventory of Red Book plants in the future, “said the organizer of the action. Timur Eskaraev.

A nursery for growing rare and relict plants was set up last summer in Kazan on the initiative of the head of the Tatarstan Democratic Council of the All-Russian Society for Nature Conservation. Sergei Mukhachev. This project is unique because it has no analogues in democracy and, probably, in all of Russia. The ecological initiative was supported by the Kazan City Hall. However, less than a year later, rare and endangered plants were found under a pile of rubbish.

A nursery for growing rare and relict plants was established last summer in Kazan

Photo: kzn.ru

“We filled one third of the kindergarten in the winter. It was dirty snow and rubbish. The snow was probably removed from the construction site. “We found construction waste, concrete blocks, canisters of flammable liquids in the natural area,” Eskaraev said.

Floodplain forest orchids and oak seedlings suffered

Unknown people carried snow and rubbish in large vehicles in the winter. As a result, many trees were damaged, as well as the beds on which the Red Book grew.

“The dirty snow contained chemicals, microplastics from tires and other dirt. All of this melted, sank to the ground, and endangered the population of the Red Book orchid forest, or the flesh-like palm root. In all, seven specimens of the rarest species were bred in the area. He had previously disappeared in the territory of Russo-German Switzerland due to road reagents that fell from the Millennium Bridge. “Whether the plant will survive or not is not yet clear,” explained the agency’s interlocutor.

“We collected dozens of garbage bags – mainly plastic, iron, paper, glass”

Photo: kzn.ru

Two more copies of the forest orchid were previously found in a grove on Gavrilov Street. The plants are characterized by increased whim, for life and growth they need partial shade and clay soil.

“In addition, oak saplings in the flooded plain suffered. Last year, 320 acorns collected on Torfyanoy Island were planted in the nursery area. In the future, we wanted to restore oak forests in floodplains, plant trees in the territory of Russo-German Switzerland and in Sportivny Park. “Whether the seedlings will germinate is unknown,” Yeskaraev added.

The speaker noted that the heavy equipment destroyed the fertile mattress, literally plowing everything with wheels. In addition, birch, pine, willow and sea buckthorn were broken. The perpetrators have not been found yet. Environmentalists estimate the damage is at least 200,000 rubles.

If the landfill is not removed, the case will go to court

According to the Ministry of Ecology of the Republic of Tatarstan, the total volume of snow and waste placed was 3 thousand cubic meters and the landfill area was 16.6 thousand square meters. The owner of the plot is the administration of the Soviet region. Environmentalists have determined the toxicity of the landfill.

“Contaminated snow belongs to the fourth category of danger and there is an excess of chlorine, sulfates, petroleum products. In connection with the administration of the Sovetsky district of Kazan, a protocol was drawn up in accordance with Part 1 of the article. 8.2 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation. There are a few days left in the administration for the elimination of the landfill. June 26 is the deadline for the execution of the claim. “If it is not cleared, the documents will be submitted to the court,” said the press service of the Ministry of Ecology of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Without expecting any action from the administration, the environmental activists decided to clean the nursery themselves of debris and have already carried out three subbotniks. In the future, the works for the cleaning and landscaping of the soils will continue.

In the summer, new residents will “settle” in the nursery

What else will happen at the Kazan Rare Nursery this summer? Volunteers will land here an iris (iris), recommended for conservation. In addition, in August, it is planned to plant a Siberian iris, which is mentioned in the Red Book. Until now, the seeds of the plants will grow in climatic chambers in the KNRTU section.

“Let’s land a shady boot trial batch. In general, we have 25 of them, but this is a test batch that can not be destroyed. “We brought him a mixture of sand from sources in Russo-German Switzerland,” the Kazan environmental activist added.

Unknown people carried snow and rubbish in large vehicles in the winter. As a result, many trees were damaged, as well as the beds on which the Red Book grew.

Photo: kzn.ru

In addition, activists from Volgograd sent oak acorns in floodplains to friends from Kazan. First, the people of Kazan will grow them and in the fall the seedlings will be planted in the area of ​​the nursery.

“They sent me a box of 120 acorns. “They have to be refrigerated for a month and a half so that they ‘think’ winter has come and it’s time to germinate,” Eskaraev said.

According to him, the nursery of rare plant species will “soon become a branch of the Kazan School of Young Naturalists”, where children will study and do summer internships.

“The kennel will not become a branch, but an additional base for young naturalists to practice. “We could provide them with a site to carry out experimental work,” Sergei Mukhachev explained.

Krasnoknizhnikov to be guarded by a “living fence”

To protect rare plants from new illegal landfills, they plan to erect a “living fence” here. The people of Kazan, who are not indifferent to nature and ecology, will plant lindens along the road, which will prevent the passage of uninvited visitors by car.

At the initiative of Sergei Mukhachev, activists will conduct a study on the number of Red Book plants throughout Kazanka – from the Millennium Bridge to the Blue Lakes

Photo: kzn.ru

“It could be willows, lindens, birches. We will plant shrubs in the second tier. The saplings will be provided by the regional administration and the Gorvodzelenkhoz specialists will help with their planting. “About 20 trees will be required to protect the entrance to the nursery”, noted the source of Tatar-inform.

Compensatory plantings are planned in the autumn with the support of the administration of the Sovetsky district of Kazan.

In addition, at the initiative of Sergei Mukhachev, activists will conduct a study on the number of Red Book plants throughout Kazanka – from the Millennium Bridge to the Blue Lakes. The main works will take place from 10 to 20 June. Volunteers and members of the school circle will participate in them. The data collected will be transferred to the State Commission of the Republic of Tajikistan for Livestock. This information will be useful to experts in the future to justify protected area regimes, parks, nature and recreation areas.

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