How to drink water properly – tips from a cardiologist




If without food a person can live up to 30 days, and sometimes even longer, then without water – only 3-5-7, in rare cases up to 8 days. It is believed that on average a person uses for his needs (both for food and for the household) up to 60-70 tons of water per year! And the human body itself is almost 70% water. water is present in all tissues.

Up to 90% of water contains lung tissue, up to 80% – blood, up to 75% – brain tissue, up to 24% – joints. Even the densest tissue in our body – the tooth – contains 0.2% water. This explains the fact that it is very important for a person to drink a significant amount of clean drinking water every day.

Men should drink from 2.5 to 3.7 liters per day, women – from 2 to 2.7 liters. In Russia, there are no uniform standards yet, but there are recommendations – an average of 30 ml per 1 kg of body weight.

Why is water scarcity dangerous?

If you pick an apple and put it in a warm place, it will gradually wrinkle. This is because water leaves the fetus. According to the same principle, the dense, elastic ripe grapes, losing water, are gradually transformed into raisins.

And what happens to the human body if it lacks clean drinking water?

First, the water-salt balance is disturbed, which can cause the formation of stones in the kidneys and bladder and also adversely affect the condition of the joints.

Lack of water in the body can increase the risk of arthritis and arthritis, as the cartilage tissue of the joints becomes too dense, losing elasticity and reducing the amount of synovial fluid that “lubricates” the joints.

Lack of water leads to increased viscosity of the main body fluids, mainly blood. And this is an increased risk of strokes, heart attacks, thrombosis, varicose veins and hemorrhoids – diseases, some of which are dangerous not only for health, but sometimes for human life.

Lack of water negatively affects digestion. The processes of production of digestive enzymes are slowed down, the gastrointestinal tract operates “at half power”, the food remains in the intestine for a long time, the fermentation processes begin and then the inflammatory processes. Lack of water in the body often causes chronic constipation.

With a lack of water, the gastric fluid becomes too concentrated, which can lead to the development of gastritis with high acidity and even stomach ulcers.

The skin suffers a lot from lack of water. This largest organ of the human body is supplied with moisture according to the principle of residual, since the internal organs and systems have received the portion of water. If it is enough in a few and is hit first, the skin quickly loses its elasticity, becomes thinner, acquires an unhealthy tired gray-yellow color and easily folds into wrinkles. Thus the lack of water causes visible signs of aging.

Lack of moisture makes our hair and nails weaker and more fragile.

Dehydration disrupts the function of the urinary system and prevents the useful processes of “self-cleansing” of the body.

With a lack of water during the hot season, the chance of heat stroke increases.

All these are serious and weighty arguments in favor of the daily and obligatory use of water.

The right time to drink water

Consumption of water at specific times maximizes the efficiency of the body:

– 2 glasses of water after waking up – helps to activate the internal organs.
– 1 glass of water 30 minutes before meals – promotes digestion.
– 1 glass of water before bathing – helps lower blood pressure.
– 1 glass of water before bed – avoids stroke or heart attack.

How to drink water during exercise

If you are physically active and do regular sports, then you should prepare for training 2 hours before the start. At this time, you should drink a cup of tea without sugar or a glass of natural freshly squeezed juice and you should drink several large sips of water a few minutes before class.

During sports, the body itself will alert you that it does not have enough fluids. You will realize that it is time to drink with the formation of viscous saliva and dry throat. An unpleasant taste and odor may appear in the mouth. These symptoms indicate that the body is actively burning fat. Metabolic products are excreted by the kidneys in the urine, so you need to contribute to their normal functioning. During physical activity, it is good to drink small amounts of water every 10-15 minutes.

And only after the end of the workout, you can drink a whole glass of non-carbonated water. Remember that during physical activity the body loses not only fluids but also salts. Therefore, after sports, it is right to drink mineral water. You can also rinse your mouth with lightly salted water.

With loads of power, the body does not lose water as quickly and intensively as with cardio exercises. Therefore, you may not feel thirsty. In this case, it is important to focus on your emotions and drink whenever you want. You can, in principle, not drink any water at all. But after the end of strength training, you should drink 1-2 glasses of fluid.

If without food a person can live up to 30 days, and sometimes even longer, then without water – only 3-5-7, in rare cases up to 8 days. It is believed that on average a person uses for his needs (both for food and for the household) up to 60-70 tons of water per year! And the human body itself is almost 70% water. water is present in all tissues.

Up to 90% of water contains lung tissue, up to 80% – blood, up to 75% – brain tissue, up to 24% – joints. Even the densest tissue in our body – the tooth – contains 0.2% water. This explains the fact that it is very important for a person to drink a significant amount of clean drinking water every day.

Men should drink from 2.5 to 3.7 liters per day, women – from 2 to 2.7 liters. In Russia, there are no uniform standards yet, but there are recommendations – an average of 30 ml per 1 kg of body weight.

Why is water scarcity dangerous?

If you pick an apple and put it in a warm place, it will gradually wrinkle. This is because water leaves the fetus. According to the same principle, the dense, elastic ripe grapes, losing water, are gradually transformed into raisins.

And what happens to the human body if it lacks clean drinking water?

First, the water-salt balance is disturbed, which can cause the formation of stones in the kidneys and bladder and also adversely affect the condition of the joints.

Lack of water in the body can increase the risk of arthritis and arthritis, as the cartilage tissue of the joints becomes too dense, losing elasticity and reducing the amount of synovial fluid that “lubricates” the joints.

Lack of water leads to increased viscosity of the main body fluids, mainly blood. And this is an increased risk of strokes, heart attacks, thrombosis, varicose veins and hemorrhoids – diseases, some of which are dangerous not only for health, but sometimes for human life.

Lack of water negatively affects digestion. The processes of production of digestive enzymes are slowed down, the gastrointestinal tract operates “at half power”, the food remains in the intestine for a long time, the fermentation processes begin and then the inflammatory processes. Lack of water in the body often causes chronic constipation.

With a lack of water, the gastric fluid becomes too concentrated, which can lead to the development of gastritis with high acidity and even stomach ulcers.

The skin suffers a lot from lack of water. This largest organ of the human body is supplied with moisture according to the principle of residual, since the internal organs and systems have received the portion of water. If it is enough in a few and is hit first, the skin quickly loses its elasticity, becomes thinner, acquires an unhealthy tired gray-yellow color and easily folds into wrinkles. Thus the lack of water causes visible signs of aging.

Lack of moisture makes our hair and nails weaker and more fragile.

Dehydration disrupts the function of the urinary system and prevents the useful processes of “self-cleansing” of the body.

With a lack of water during the hot season, the chance of heat stroke increases.

All these are serious and weighty arguments in favor of the daily and obligatory use of water.

The right time to drink water

Consumption of water at specific times maximizes the efficiency of the body:

– 2 glasses of water after waking up – helps to activate the internal organs.
– 1 glass of water 30 minutes before meals – promotes digestion.
– 1 glass of water before bathing – helps lower blood pressure.
– 1 glass of water before bed – avoids stroke or heart attack.

How to drink water during exercise

If you are physically active and do regular sports, then you should prepare for training 2 hours before the start. At this time, you should drink a cup of tea without sugar or a glass of natural freshly squeezed juice and you should drink several large sips of water a few minutes before class.

During sports, the body itself will alert you that it does not have enough fluids. You will realize that it is time to drink with the formation of viscous saliva and dry throat. An unpleasant taste and odor may appear in the mouth. These symptoms indicate that the body is actively burning fat. Metabolic products are excreted by the kidneys in the urine, so you need to contribute to their normal functioning. During physical activity, it is good to drink small amounts of water every 10-15 minutes.

And only after the end of the workout, you can drink a whole glass of non-carbonated water. Remember that during physical activity the body loses not only fluids but also salts. Therefore, after sports, it is right to drink mineral water. You can also rinse your mouth with lightly salted water.

With loads of power, the body does not lose water as quickly and intensively as with cardio exercises. Therefore, you may not feel thirsty. In this case, it is important to focus on your emotions and drink whenever you want. You can, in principle, not drink any water at all. But after the end of strength training, you should drink 1-2 glasses of fluid.

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