Where does the Russian forest flow? – Back Ukrainian on vc.ru.

The volume of sawn timber exports from Russia in January-May 2022 increased by 10% to 11.2 million cubic meters. m, – writes RBC. In short, the top five: China – 5.24 million cubic meters. m (+ 18.8%), Uzbekistan – 793.2 thousand cubic meters. m (+ 16.5%), Singapore (625.9 thousand cubic meters), Estonia (438.5 thousand cubic meters) and Finland (330.4 thousand cubic meters). In 2021, exports of timber products exceeded $ 17.5 billion.

Russian companies mainly send abroad boards, beams, sawdust (raw materials for the production of boards), wood pulp and fankryazh (used to make veneer, which is necessary for the manufacture of plywood and other timber).

Nearly 70% of the volume of deliveries fell to “friendly” Asian countries (mainly China and Uzbekistan), deliveries of which increased by almost 13% to 7.8 million cubic meters. m. The remaining 30% – in the “unfriendly” states that imposed sanctions on Russia after the start of its special military operation in Ukraine: EU, Singapore, Japan, South Korea and the United States. Exports to these countries increased by only 3.7%, to 3.27 million cubic meters. The only change is that if the previous foreign partners preferred round wood, then from the beginning of 2022 they changed to sawn wood and finished products in the form of plywood, particle board, etc.

For the past 15 years, China has been a major buyer of Russian timber, notes Roslesinforg. This country accounted for almost half of total exports in January-May this year – 5.24 million cubic meters. m (plus 18.8% compared to the same period of 2021).

However, according to Chinese customs, timber imports from Russia in January-April 2022 increased by only 1.2%, in April there was a decrease of 10.5% (data for May will be available after June 20) , says Alexei Bogatyrev, CEO of Lesprom Network. In China, housing construction is in decline, so total timber imports in that country are falling by 4%, he says. The difference in data from Roslesinforg and Chinese customs may be due to the fact that Russian companies indicate China as their destination, but transport sawn timber in other directions.

Uzbekistan traditionally remains in second place among buyers, which in January-May 2022 bought 793.2 thousand cubic meters. m (plus 16.5%). The top five also includes “unfriendly” countries – Singapore (625.9 thousand cubic meters), Estonia (438.5 thousand cubic meters) and Finland (330.4 thousand cubic meters). In Singapore, which has joined Western sanctions against Russia, companies have increased their timber purchases by 17 times. According to Rosleskhoz, this was due to the redistribution of part of the business flow in Siberia, the North West and the Volga region, which had not previously worked in this direction or was limited to a minimum supply. The main player in this market was the sawmill and the wood processing plant Syktyvkar, which exported 469.1 thousand cubic meters. According to Lesprom Network, the increase in product deliveries to Singapore may be related to the use of this country as a transfer base for deliveries to other countries.

The sale of sawn timber in EU countries in January-February 2022 was at the same level as last year, notes Chashchin. In March, they increased by 12.3%, and in April – by 2.3 times. But in May, exports to Europe fell by 20.7%. The ban on imports of forest products from Russia into the European Union came into force on April 8 as part of the fifth package of sanctions, including those affecting wood and wood products. The companies were also forced to suspend deliveries due to the fact that European countries stopped renting trucks from Russian transport companies.
The Russian authorities, in turn, decided to impose a ban on the export of wood, raw materials for the production of paper and plywood to “unfriendly” countries, including the United States and Europe. These goods are vital to the European Union.

On April 19, Japan also imposed a ban on the supply of timber from Russia. However, according to the Japanese Ministry of Finance, imports of Russian timber in January-April 2022 increased by 41%. This country, like Europe, has given time for the supply of products under already concluded contracts.

Production and export dynamics of round wood, 2010-2021

Timber exports in 2021 exceeded $ 17.5 billion. Russian exporters last year increased deliveries by 38.7%, the increase in foreign exchange earnings per type of product amounted to: sawn timber – 42.5%, round timber – 0.3%, particle board – 103.6%, fiberboard – 50.5%, plywood – 67.3%, cellulose – 29.1%, paper, cardboard and related products – 29.6%, furniture – 43.1%. In 2021, exports of processed timber to Japan (by 3.3 and 44.6%, respectively), the Republic of Korea (by 140 and 270%), Tajikistan (by 21 and 110%), Kazakhstan (by 25 and 80%), Lebanon (by 60 and 180%)

Since 2022, a de facto ban on the export of unprocessed softwood and precious hardwood into the Russian Federation has entered into force (the number of export checkpoints has been reduced to two; increased by 70 from 1 January 2022 once). In order to exclude the possibility of exporting raw wood under the pretext of processed, in 2022 will increase (actually prohibitive) percentages for the export of wood with a moisture content greater than 22%, thickness and width over 10 cm.

Leave a Comment