“Growing the forest of Yakutia”: how to maintain the climate balance in democracy | Moscow

In Yakutia, 150 thousand hectares of forest will be restored in 2022 and a new third forest nursery will appear in the republic, with a capacity of up to 10 million young trees per year. How the forest fund is being rebuilt in Yakutia, how much money has already been allocated for these large-scale projects – in the FederalPress material.


In 2022, reforestation activities will take place in Russia, which will affect an area of ​​1.25 million hectares. More than 2.4 billion rubles will be allocated for this.

Work will continue next fall in areas affected by deforestation, fires, pest outbreaks and forest diseases. Most of the work is planned in Yakutia, where a 150,000-hectare forest will be restored. Over the next three years, 380,000 hectares of new forests will appear in the republic.

“Reforestation is the most important factor in maintaining the planet’s climate balance. “Trees absorb carbon dioxide and store it inside in the form of carbon, which makes the air cleaner,” said Igor Grechin, head of Dallesproekt.

The expert added that over the next three years, reforestation in the Far East will increase by 30,000 hectares per year. The main forest-forming species used for reforestation in the Far Eastern Federal District are cedar, oak and pine.

Experts note that there are two ways of reforestation: artificial and natural. The latter represents 90% of the planned area – new trees grow from the seeds of a number of growing trees or nearby shoots. An artificial method is the planting of seedlings and saplings by one person.

This year, two-year-old saplings will be planted in Yakutia’s first forest nursery, located in the village of Solyanka, in the Olekminsky district. The total area of ​​the forest nursery is 4.2 hectares, the production capacity is 3 million plants in open ground and about 140 thousand plants in closed ground. For the cultivation of seedlings with a closed root system, a greenhouse of 400 square meters was constructed. m., and for seedlings with open root system a field of 3.67 acres has been prepared.

“There is a great need for seedlings in democracy, so the experience in growing them has been successful. However, the first results of the work can be said in 2-3 years “, said Maria Sleptsova, Dean of the School of Forest Complex and Land Management of ASATU, Candidate of Technical Sciences.

Natural reforestation is underway in the famous Lena Pillars National Park. Despite the difficult situation last year after the forest fires, today it is operating normally.

“I think there is no need to use artificial reforestation in the park, firstly, it is expensive, given the inaccessibility and lack of roads, it is generally inaccessible and secondly, natural reforestation is fast enough, so do not plan to plant seedlings,” he said. Arkady Semenov, director of the Lena Pillars National Park.

Artificial reforestation is a very expensive task, it is not difficult to plant seedlings, but before that some preparatory work must be done: cutting burned tree trunks, uprooting, complete cleaning of the burned area and preparing the soil for planting. explained the director of the national park.

“The process of natural reforestation after wildfires in our democracy, unlike other areas, is quite fast, and this is not a fantasy,” said scientists in the middle of last century. “Already last autumn, we had green grass in the area covered by fires, and if you look at the area where there were fires 2-3 years ago, there is already a good young forest there,” said Arkady Semenov.

New tree nursery in Yakutia

TOP “Yakutia” will create a forest nursery “Growing the Forest of Yakutia”, where 10 million seedlings will be planted. For these purposes, 200 million rubles of investment will be attracted, for which greenhouse facilities will be created in an area of ​​2.5 hectares. It will appear on the site of the former TOR “Kangalassy”.

“In the past, nature was restored, but after such large-scale fires, you can not rely on it, you have to help. “Therefore, it was decided to open a third large forest nursery, which will increase the rate of reforestation in the area,” said the head of the republic, Aisen Nikolaev.

Thanks to the modern equipment of the greenhouses, the production of seedlings with a closed root system will be established. This will allow the cultivation of forest crops throughout the year. The young plants will be grown in special containers, which ensures a survival rate of 90% during their further transplanting. A total of 10 such greenhouses will be constructed.

“This idea came to us after the natural fires that raged in Yakutia, when their strength reached record levels in the last two years. “Such a project is very important for our region,” said Alexander Makarov, General Manager of Grow Forest of Yakutia LLC.

There are now two forest nurseries in Yakutia – in the Olekminsky and Namsky areas. For two years, the tenants of the plots have restored more than 4.2 thousand acres of forest. However, there is still a need to create new forest nurseries.

Alexander Isaev, chief researcher at the Institute of Permanent Ice Biological Problems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, noted that Yakutia is one of the richest areas in natural resources, geological exploration and exploration of the subsoil. , infrastructure projects and other works related to the development of forests in the area are being implemented.

“All this requires mandatory reforestation, including artificial reforestation. “Thanks to the creation of new forest nurseries in the territory of Yakutia, the democracy will be provided with local planting material, which will already be adapted to the local natural conditions”, Alexander Isaev summed up.

Thanks to the tax incentives and the reduced rates of premiums, the project will pay off in 3-5 years. And thanks to reduced premiums, a large number of staff will be attracted to work in the nursery.

Also at the end of last year during the Nobel Vision International Forum. Open Innovations 2.0, the head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, proposed the creation of carbon landfills for the treatment of carbon dioxide in the area, which will allow a series of measures for the ecological and economic rehabilitation of the soils of the burned part of the forests. . Now the forest fund in the democracy is 255,610.8 thousand hectares. The coniferous forest absorbs an average of 1.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year, so Yakutia forests can absorb more than 179 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year, which, at an average current price in the European Union of $ 35 per tonne, is $ 6.267 billion a year.

“These funds can be used for forest protection, sanitation, reforestation and taxation. Prior to the auction, the forest will be inventoried and then divided into sections, which will be assigned to agencies. Thus, they will deal with their hygiene and rehabilitation. “Based on the amount of carbon dioxide that is actually assimilated, they will be able to sell emission quotas through the stock market,” said Aisen Nikolaev.

He added that an agreement was signed between VTB and the Moscow Stock Exchange a year ago. A project office will be set up to sell quotas and build coal dumps and a roadmap will be drawn up. The head of the republic noted that Russia has every opportunity to become a world leader in environmental exports.

Photo: Boniface Muthoni / Keystone Press Agency / globallookpress.com

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