June 10, 2022 15:38 | Weather
In the coming days, rain and thunderstorms are expected in places in the Leningrad region and during the day the air temperature will rise to +26 degrees, warns the regional department of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. In addition, in some areas – increased risk of fire.
“On June 12, rain and thunderstorms are expected in places in the Leningrad region. On June 13, short rains are expected in places with thunderstorms in the afternoon. June 12-13 in Gatchina, Boksitogorsk, Tosnensky, Kirovsky, Podporozhsky, Vsevolozhsky, fire hazard category 3. Remains of natural fires the rescuers.
How to avoid a fire in the forest, the field, in their cottage? Or, if it arose, how to escape and reduce the damage from the fire? We have drafted a short directive based on the recommendations of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
To prevent natural fires, in particular, it is forbidden to throw lit matches, cigarette butts, rags that burn in the forest and other natural landscapes. It is not allowed to light a fire in dense thickets where the fire can easily spread to grass, branches or logs, as well as near warehouses of timber, peat or crops. Do not leave materials that can ignite spontaneously – such as greasy rags – and glass objects that can focus the sun’s rays and cause a fire. Do not make fires in windy weather and also do not leave them unattended – under no circumstances. All these prohibitions apply, according to the government decree “On the Approval of Forest Safety Rules” (No. 1614 of October 7, 2020), from the day the snow melts until a stable rainy autumn weather or snow falls. cover forms. In a good way, it is better not to light a fire at all without urgency, and especially in hot summer. It is very desirable to explain to children the rules of both prevention and safety practice.
It is also impossible to burn dry grass, straws and reeds – this is probably the most common violation that leads to serious consequences. The fall of the grass almost always happens through the fault of one person, firefighters say – and it does not matter if it is burned intentionally, ostensibly to increase soil fertility, or it happens again, through negligence, literally from a discarded cigarette barrel.
The Ministry of Emergency Situations clarifies that violators of fire regulations (Article 20.4 of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses) may be subject to administrative liability in the form of a fine: for citizens – 2000-3000 rubles, for employees – from to 15 thousand rubles, for individual entrepreneurs – 20 -30 thousand rubles, for legal entities – from 150 to 200 thousand rubles. Violation of fire safety rules in forests, according to Article 8.32 of the Code of Administrative Offenses, is also punishable by a fine: for citizens – up to 5 thousand rubles. for officials – up to 50 thousand rubles. for legal entities – up to one million. Under the conditions of a special fire-fighting regime (which the St. Petersburg authorities, for example, introduce almost every summer), the fines are doubled. The severity of the punishment increases if people are injured or property is damaged.
If a person is found guilty of causing a fire that caused extensive property damage (and even more casualties), criminal liability may also arise. According to Article 168 of the Penal Code of the Russian Federation (destruction or damage to property by negligence), you can receive up to 1 year in prison or remedial work, and according to Article 219 (violation of fire safety requirements) – up to 3 years, if this has caused serious damage to one’s health for up to 5 years – in the event of a person’s death.
Private homeowners – including those involved in gardening – can take some steps to protect their territory from fire in advance. In particular, every apartment building should have a barrel of water (and check periodically if it contains this liquid). It is also desirable to periodically remove the dry vegetation – but not by fire, of course, but by mechanical means.
Experts from the Ministry of Emergency Situations also give specific recommendations on what to do if you are in a forest fire zone. They point out that small fires can be extinguished even by one person, if the fire is extinguished in time before it gains strength.
“The flames of small fires on the ground can be extinguished by wiping it with branches of hardwood, flooding it with water, throwing it with wet soil, pressing it with your feet. Peat fires are extinguished by watering the burning peat. When extinguishing a fire, act with prudence, do not move away from roads and clearings, do not lose sight of other participants, maintain visual and audio communication with them. “When extinguishing a peat fire, keep in mind that deep craters can form in the combustion zone, so you should move carefully, after checking the depth of the burnt layer”, advises the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
If you are still in a natural fire zone, you should report it to the Ministry of Emergency Situations: by landline – “01”, by mobile – “101” or “112”.
In the event that a fire threatens your cottage or garden, then first you need to evacuate all the family members who can not help you and then the pets. Call the fire department as soon as possible, stating the address of the fire, where it started and your last name. Then work from the bottom of the list eliminating issues that are not worth the fight. If possible, fill buckets, barrels and other containers with water, prepare wet rags – this will allow you to extinguish coals or small flames, moisten the roof and walls of the house, as well as other surfaces where the fire may spread. . Assess the situation: if the fire is not life threatening, try to extinguish it with improvised means.
If you are near the source of a fire – including a forest or peat – and there is nothing you can do to detect or extinguish the fire, you must first warn at least anyone close to you of the need to leave the danger zone. . You need to go out on your own and transport others where the fire is less likely to reach you through the vegetation – on the road or in the plain, on a large plain, on the bank of a river or reservoir, in a field. Having ensured immediate safety – yours and those around you – you should, if possible, inform the business services of the location, size and nature of the fire. This information must be passed on to the administration of the nearest settlement, forest department or fire department, as well as to the local population.
Ilya Snopchenko / Dialogue IA