Mishlesh – my homeland

Continuation. Starting from previous issues

AGRICULTURALTHE

The first settlers of the village of Mishlesh engaged in agriculture, supplying them with grain.

The first agricultural tools were the shovel, the plow, then they were replaced by a pair of oxen and a plow. The grain was harvested by hand, with a scythe.

A bunch full of wheat ears was called “bafa”. The harvested wheat – “bafa” – was tied and transported to the threshing floor for threshing. The threshing floor was usually built in a high, open, well-ventilated area to easily clear grain in the air (there were threshing floors in the villages of Chedylyg and Degan Chiga).

The most important tool for threshing was a wooden threshing floor – “arrow”, made of durable wood. At the bottom of the threshing floor were small holes through which stones or metal fragments were inserted. The front was a bit narrow and raised. Heavy threshing floors were adapted to the animal (ox) and passed through the threshing floor, so that the grain was cleaned of thorns and bark. The tray was needed to clean the grain. After cleaning, the grains were stored in warehouses.

A watermill (yoIxha) was installed in a ditch, into which water flowed from a tributary of the Talachay River. Here the grains of the villagers were ground. (Melniki Metchav Magomed, Kecha Baherchi).

In the yard of each house was placed a tandoor for baking bread. Such an oven was made from a special yellow soil, called “tandoor soil”. Tandoor from mixed yellow soil was made in parts, like ceramics. Then, a fence was built 15-20 cm behind it and covered with dry yellow soil so that the moisture from outside the tandoor would not be damaged. After the oven dried, a process, commonly called “tandoor kojiy” (baking tandoor), took place. This process met with a festive mood. The children were happy and looked forward to the day when the “cakes” (children’s cakes – “cocaine”) will be baked.

The inhabitants of the village of Mishlesh were engaged in the production of an invaluable natural gift – honey. From time immemorial, the locals themselves made hives and maintained bee colonies. The resulting honey was used both as food and as a cure for many ailments and diseases. Wherever they live, Mishles still keep bees. They teach this art to their children and grandchildren, they protect this ancient folk art.

The first beekeepers were Hassan Magomed, Uncle Baharchi, Uncle Rajab, Dzhumali and others, the successors of their work were Kamal, Mehdi, Shamsaddin, Ahmed, Temraz, among the young, can be noted Oruj, Shaban, Ismail , Yusif and Beydulla.

In the past, bees were kept only in the village, where lindens and maples sprouted, as well as flowers, which had a different effect on beekeeping productivity. Each beekeeper had his own apiary.

FLORA

The village of Mishlesh was bathed by the Talachay River to the south and surrounded on other sides by forests.

The forests here were formed under the influence of beech, oak, garnet, linden, ash, maple, chestnut and walnut, which were the first step. In the second stage of the forest – small wild apples, pears, medlar, cherries, dogwood, wild rose, hawthorn, blueberries and hazelnuts. The fruits are still consumed by the population. They are also considered a food base for forest animals and birds.

Wild apples and medlars can be eaten frozen in winter. Chestnuts are also under the leaves until spring. Sometimes in the spring, especially in May, we ate chestnut shoots that sprouted 10-12 cm from the ground and took root.

Chestnuts also sprouted near the village, in the fields closer to the forest. In Soviet times, 1920-1930, villagers cleared small areas of the forest and planted chestnut trees.

Today, these chestnuts still serve their offspring. When the fruits are ripe, they are harvested and stored in sheds, covered with a “chediyem” (bear blanket). Chestnuts stored in this way are stored until spring and do not spoil. In this case, the chestnuts are easily cleaned of thorns.

The chestnuts are as big as Khan Chinar (Khan plane tree). They are also long lasting. We have very old trees. One of them is the Gasuk Mammadali tree in the Chedilik steppe (near the road).

The forest range extends to the north, at an altitude of 1900 meters above sea level, has a complex geographical relief, subalpine, alpine, subnival and nival zones, extending to the area bordering the neighboring Republic of Dagestan. The mountains here are peaks, consisting of hard rocks and bare gravel slopes without vegetation.

Many eminent botanists participated in the study of the vegetation of this area. A leading scientist in this field is A.A. Grashein, a German scientist who worked at the Azerbaijan State University for 20 years and founded the Botanical Institute for Scientific Research of the Azerbaijan Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1955. Scientists such as L.Y. Stick (1970), Academician VD Gadzhiev (1970), IS professor Safarov (1961-1965) has been studying the plant world for a long time. More than 1000 species of plants have been studied during a comprehensive survey. More than 120 of these species are valuable medicinal and nutritional plants, which were widely used in folk medicine and the food industry in the past. These are sea buckthorn, valerian, linden, sage, chamomile, St.

Many of these plants are still used in traditional medicine today.

FAUNA

The village of Mishlesh is located in a mountainous area, so its wildlife is rich. Basically, Caucasian deer, roe deer, chamois, mountain sheep, mountain goat, Caucasian brown bear, wolf, lynx, jackal, forest cat, fox, wild boar, rabbit, forest and rock squirrels, raccoon live here. λπ.

Many species of birds have also been recorded. Most of them lead a sedentary life and a small number are vagrants.

Caucasian faucets are found in the open, rugged mountain range, and Caucasian black roosters live in the upper part of the forest strip bordering the mountains.

Among the birds of prey that follow a sedentary lifestyle, one can note white-tailed eagles, bald vultures and various types of eagles.

In addition, Mishlesh is home to sparrows, chewing gum, chewing gum, woodpeckers and other bird species.

Sheep, goats, cows, horses, donkeys, bulls and chickens are kept as pets.

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