ALMATY. KAZINFORM – Summer is the season of fruits and vegetables, which we do not always wash well, so there is a high risk of poisoning with them. This is the time of the onset of acute intestinal diseases. Read about the prevention of intestinal infections in the interview with the head of the public relations department of the Committee on Health and Epidemiology of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Yerzhan Baitanaev, in the correspondent of Kazinform.
– Yerzhan Khaliyevich, how to choose the right fruits and vegetables to avoid poisoning?
– As plants that grow without the use of nitrates grow more slowly, they have more time to acquire a rich taste and aroma. When buying vegetables and fruits, pay attention to their appearance, buy them in established stores.
During the ripening period of vegetable crops, when nitrates can be used more frequently, health and epidemiological service specialists monitor the nitrate content on a continuous basis. Thus, since the beginning of the year, the specialists of the health and epidemiological control of the city of Almaty, together with the laboratory assistants of the “National Center of Expertise”, regularly carry out operations in retail stores by sampling to determine the content of nitrates in vegetables and , as well as microbiological indicators, flour enrichment. Thus, since the beginning of the year, more than 15 campaigns have been carried out, where about 200 samples have been taken. To date, no non-compliance has been identified.
– What diseases are common in children and adults during the vegetable and fruit season?
– These are acute intestinal infections (AII). It is a large group of bacteria, viruses that can cause intestinal dysfunction. The most common bacterial acute intestinal infections in clinical practice are diseases caused by dysentery bacilli, pathogen E. coli. One of the common causes of intestinal infections are viruses: rotavirus, norovirus, adenovirus. Pathogens AII are stable in the external environment, they can persist for a long time on the skin of hands, dishes, toys and household items, on the ground and in water. Some of them are able to multiply in food at room temperature or even lower. They usually die when boiled and treated with disinfectants.
– What vegetables and fruits should be consumed to maintain the immune system?
– It is always necessary to take care of the state of health and immunity. Foods should be as varied as possible so that they contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and elements. Eat more vegetables and fruits that contain vitamins. As mentioned earlier, include colored vegetables in your diet. We are talking about red, orange, yellow, purple vegetables and greens. They contain beta-carotene – a substance called the precursor of vitamin A. This, in turn, stimulates the production of cells that fight germs. Do not forget the garlic, onion and horseradish! Garlic, onions, horseradish, beets, celery and carrots are rich in herbicides – active substances that kill bacteria, they also contain a lot of fiber.
– What should you do to prevent seasonal poisoning?
– Acute infectious-toxic diseases that occur when using poor quality products, water or toxic substances often occur in the hot season. Poisoning can be caused by dangerous berries, plants and their seeds, mushrooms, spoiled or contaminated food.
We would like to give some recommendations for the prevention of seasonal poisoning:
– Strictly comply with the terms and conditions of storage of perishable food products.
– Get food at designated food retail outlets and only if there are documents certifying their origin, safety and quality.
– Choose fresh and virgin products.
– Ensure adequate heat treatment (meticulous frying, steaming) of dishes, including those prepared over an open fire at picnic conditions.
– Do not leave cooked food at room temperature for more than 2 hours.
– Soak vegetables and fruits before eating for a long time (up to 60% of nitrates are removed from vegetables and fruits in 2 hours), it is also recommended to boil them in boiling water.
– Thanks for the interview!