Photo: Yuri Smityuk / TASS
The geopolitical crisis will not affect the North Sea (NSR) in any way, as all countries are interested in using it, said Sergei Ivanov, the president’s special envoy for the environment, ecology and transport. According to Rosatom, the number of licenses along the route has already increased by 8% since the beginning of the year. Thus, due to investments in the development of the NSR, the federal budget will be replenished by 13.5 trillion rubles by 2035, the contribution of the route to GDP is estimated at 35 trillion rubles.
“How does the current geopolitical situation affect the NSS? “I will answer quickly and clearly: there is no case,” Sergei Ivanov told the St. Petersburg Economic Forum (SPIEF). He noted that all countries in the world are interested in using the route, while Russia is not going to ban it, because otherwise it will lose “huge profits”.
According to estimates by the Russian Ministry of Development of the Far East, the contribution of already invested projects to the development of NSR in GDP by 2035 is 35 trillion rubles, while the federal budget will receive 13.5 trillion rubles. The same moment. “This is almost $ 100 billion a year in goods that will be produced in the coming years,” added Alexei Chekunkov, head of the department.
According to him, “the turn to the East can only be made through the North.” On the NSR route are Yamal, which supplies oil and gas, Norilsk – metals, and the Kola Peninsula – fertilizers, Yakutsk – diamonds. Meanwhile, the development of the NSR is closely linked to Arctic projects and large Russian companies: liquefied natural gas from Novatek, Vostok Oil, coal from the Syradasai field, copper and gold from the Baim ore zone, as well as metals from the Norilsk nickel, Chekhov was listed. According to him, every year 2 trillion rubles are invested in these projects.
NSR crosses the Arctic Oceans (Kara, Laptev, Eastern Siberia, Chukchi). The length of the NSR from Kara Gates to Providence Bay is about 5.6 thousand kilometers. The distance along it from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok is over 14 thousand kilometers.
The North Sea Route serves Arctic ports and major Siberian rivers. In particular, fuel, equipment and food are imported along the route, while timber and minerals are exported.
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In particular, Nornickel has already started studying permafrost to reduce accidents at its facilities and is investing in NSR port infrastructure, including Dudinka port. The already launched port development project will cost Norilsk Nickel 40 billion rubles. Sergey Dubovitsky, the company’s senior vice president, called the development of the NSR a “vital necessity” for the MMC.
“We are now facing a challenge – increasing the investment program. In fact, it doubled last year. “The intensity of logistics is increasing significantly – the number of ship flights has increased by 75% compared to last year,” he said, speaking at the same SPIEF meeting.
The NSR gives Russia two advantages: geography and Rosatom’s nuclear icebreaker fleet, says Alexei Likhachev, general manager of the state-owned company. According to him, over the next year and a half, it makes sense to develop an ice navigator based on the principle of a car: it shows the best route in terms of traffic, weather and general ice.
According to Likhachev, the number of licenses along the NSR increased by 8% in 2022. “That is, we have a growing demand for the use of the NSR this year, despite the known difficulties and enormous pressure in Russia,” he added. Rosatom. He clarified that investors are still interested in implementing projects for the development of the transit system along the NSS. In the near future, Likhachev expects to “enter into an open discussion” of possible projects.
Rosatom, like Norilsk Nickel, sees the NSR as an important factor in Arctic development. Stable operation of the route can be ensured by nuclear icebreakers already under construction at USC’s Baltic St. Petersburg shipyards – Rosatom has set up four more icebreakers by 2032, the chairman and CEO said. USC Advisor Alexei Rakhmanov. New icebreakers needed to export goods from the Arctic to the East all year round The government plans to increase freight across the NSR from 35 million tonnes in 2021 to 80 million tonnes by 2024 and by 15035 to 150 million tonnes.
Rosatom has already built two Arktika nuclear icebreakers (60 MW), three more are being built together with the 120 MW lead icebreaker. At the end of April, Rosatom was able to receive additional funding for the development of NSR infrastructure – Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin ordered 118 billion rubles from the 2030 budget to build two more nuclear icebreakers and a 25 billion rupee ship. -technological support, wrote Kommersant.
By order of the Prime Minister, by 2030 Atomflot may receive eight new nuclear icebreakers. There are also plans to build four icebreakers that will run on liquefied natural gas using private funds.
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Rachmanov recalled that the Baltic shipyard was once saved by order of Rosatom for the construction of the Ural icebreaker. In addition, in the first quarter of 2023, St. Petersburg Severnaya Verf will be able to start the construction of large capacity boats with dimensions 250x70x46 meters.