First aid kit for the citizen of Ufa: what medicines to take with you in nature or on a trip
We have compiled a list of medicines that everyone should have.
A first aid kit at home sometimes becomes like a warehouse for all kinds of medicines, but in a critical situation it may turn out that the necessary medicine is not available or can not be found. We have put together a list of medicines that should be in the first aid kit.
History of Ufimka
– My temperature stayed at 38.5 for one day, I could not lower it. I called an ambulance, the doctor asked me if I had allergies, I said no. He prescribed me a baby nurofen, I drank it and … I almost drowned. I put my hand on my neck, tried to make a gap, but it did not work. I had dexamethasone at home, but I could not explain it to my sister, I started to lose consciousness. “It’s good that he guessed, found the medicine and gave me an injection,” said Leila A.
What medicines should be in the first aid kit?
A first aid kit at home is chosen for each individual: it all depends on the composition of the family, the age of the household and the presence of chronic diseases. Medications should be controlled, not cause an allergic reaction.
The following groups of medicines should be in your home first aid kit:
Painkillers are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the most popular being paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin, nimesulide. They also lower the temperature.
– anticonvulsants – drugs that remove the spasm of the smooth muscles of the intestines, blood vessels, uterus, help eliminate pain: drotaverine or no-shpa, papaverine, papazole.
– treatments for diarrhea: smecta, imodium, enterosgel. And to recover from diarrhea, you can take rehydron.
– in case of food poisoning: activated carbon can be used to reduce poisoning and metoclopramide can be used as an antiemetic.
– antihistamines: fenistil, suprastin, zodak, zirtek. They will help reduce swelling with nasal congestion and treat itching after insect bites.
– medicines for colds: to reduce the cold, vasoconstrictor drops, saline solutions are needed – such as turquoise, quicksand, saline. For sore throats, you may have absorbent lozenges or a spray, such as Hexoral.
– sedatives – necessary to reduce stress and unpredictable experiences: valerian, valerian or corvalol tablets.
– If the elderly are at home, it is necessary to have temporary nitroglycerin tablets or nitrospray to relieve an angina attack.
It is also worth having clothing set:
– sterile bandages of different sizes.
– elastic bandage;
– several types of plaster.
– anesthetic: lidocaine spray.
– wound care products: bright green solution, iodine.
– funds for stopping blood: hydrogen peroxide (must be stored in the refrigerator).
– for burns: Panthenol spray or Rescuer balm – will help reduce pain and burning, as well as speed up skin recovery. It is forbidden to smear the burn site with oil, greasy cream or sour cream.
– clean scissors (useful for cutting a bandage or plaster).
How to store medicines properly?
A well-equipped first aid kit is a lifeline for the whole family. The preparations can be folded in a plastic box or container that closes tightly and does not let in sunlight. Most medicines should be stored away from bright light and at room temperature, so the box should be placed in a cupboard for easy access when needed. Some medicines need to be stored in the refrigerator. As high humidity is dangerous for medicines, it is not recommended to keep them in the bathroom.
To find out where and what it is, you can make a list of all the medicines and write the expiration dates next to them. Thus, when checking the first aid kit, it will be clear which funds should be discarded or replaced. The first aid kit should be inspected at least once every six months. Damaged and crumpled packaging, unlabeled medicines and instructions for use should be discarded.
If there are children in the home, what medications should be available?
Children love to play active games, they often have bruises and abrasions. In addition, it should be borne in mind that not all adult medicines can be given to children.
Therefore, every mother, in addition to the standard set, should have in the first aid kit:
– drugs for edema, hematomas: heparin, troxevasin.
– anti-inflammatory drugs for bruises, sprains: gels based on ketoprofen, diclofenac, ibuprofen.
– antihistamines: official drops.
– antipyretics and analgesics in the form of syrup or suppository, based on ibuprofen and paracetamol.
– saline solutions in the nose and nasal aspiration for young children.
– vasoconstrictors: in the form of drops for children under two years or in the form of sprays for older children.
– electrolyte solutions – for the nutrition of children with intestinal infections: rehydron bio, human electrolyte, hydrovit.
– in case of poisoning – sorbents: smecta, polysorb, enterosgel.
– for children who are prone to constipation: glycerin suppository, microlax.
– for injuries, bruises, insect bites: “Snowball”, “Chill” cold packs;
– for the treatment of wounds: chlorhexidine, miramycin.
– for wounds and abrasions: levomekol, baneocin.
Remember that all medicines should be kept out of the reach of children.
What should be in the driver’s first aid kit?
The car’s first aid kit for accident victims should include:
– Non-sterile disposable medical mask (2 pcs.) For protection against infections transmitted by airborne droplets.
– non-sterile medical gloves (at least M size, 2 pairs).
– device (mask) “Mouth-device-mouth” for performing artificial respiration.
– hemostatic tourniquet (in case of severe arterial bleeding, applied to the shoulder or thigh as close as possible to the wound, over clothing or fabric lining).
– medical gauze bandages with a size of at least 5 m × 10 cm (4 pcs.) and a size of at least 7 m × 14 cm (3 pcs.) – for a bandage.
– medical sterile gauze wipes (at least 16 × 14 cm in size – 2 packs of 10 pieces) – to close wounds and burns.
– self-adhesive plaster roll (at least 2 × 500 cm in size).
What medicines should I take with me in nature: for a picnic, fishing or in the river?
When traveling out of town, first of all, you will need money for insect bites and protection from them. Also, do not forget to bring sunscreen with you.
In the bag you must put:
– drugs for motion sickness: dramina, aviamarine.
first aid for injuries and wounds: chlorhexidine, iodine, bright green or fucorcin.
– patches, bandages.
– medicines that family members are constantly taking due to a chronic illness.
– for insect bites: fenistil gel.
cream with spf.
If the family travels by car south – what to take with you?
When traveling, all the medicines from the first aid kit at home will be useful to you:
– antipyretics and painkillers.
– saline solutions in the nose and nasal aspiration for young children.
– electrolyte solutions.
– sorbents for poisoning.
– medicines for indigestion and diarrhea: pancreatin, mezim, meat.
– bandages, plasters.
– antiseptics for wound healing.
– antibacterial ointment for wounds and abrasions.
– cream with spf?
– treatments for sunburn: panthenol, bepanthen.
– treatments for nausea during transport.
What to do if bitten by a snake or bitten by a bee?
When bitten by a venomous snake, there is intense prolonged pain and swelling at the site of the bite, which spreads rapidly. After 20–40 minutes, signs of shock appear: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, weak and frequent pulse, decreased pressure, pale skin.
It is necessary to lay the victim on a horizontal surface and call an ambulance. The wound should be disinfected, a sterile loose bandage applied, a cold applied. As the swelling increases, the bandage should loosen. You must also remove all jewelry from the bitten limb.
To speed up the removal of the poison from the body, you can give the patient more water or tea.
It is impossible to apply a tourniquet over the bite site as well as try to suck the venom.
Bee and wasp stings can cause severe allergies. The patient experiences itching, pain, swelling, fever, chills, headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, sometimes nausea, vomiting and fainting.
It is necessary to remove the bee sting with tweezers, needle or pin treated with alcohol or any antiseptic. To reduce pain and swelling, you can apply something cold to the bite site with a paper towel: an ice pack or a bottle of cold water. Drink plenty of water to speed up the elimination of poison from the body. If you have an allergic reaction, severe swelling or a lot of bites, you need to call an ambulance urgently.
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