The Federation Council called the blockade of supplies in Kaliningrad a violation of international law. The Lithuanian authorities had previously prevented the transit of goods through their territory. We are talking about rail deliveries of products that are included in the black list of the European Union. Kaliningrad region governor Anton Alikhanov said authorities would seek to lift the restrictions. In May, the region’s leader noted that a “rail war” was impossible, as the Kaliningrad crossing is regulated by 2003 agreements with the EU and Lithuania.
In April, the European Union banned the transport of goods by Russian and Belarusian trucks through its territory. An exception was the transit of products that are not blacklisted from Russian areas in Kaliningrad. Due to the Lithuanian ban, the volume of deliveries in the region could be reduced fourfold, says Dmitry Chemakin, former vice-president of the Kaliningrad Chamber of Commerce and Industry: “There are more than two lines in the text of this memorandum. He says everything that is subject to EU sanctions is prohibited for transport.
The wording requires careful reading and the Lithuanians, as I understand it, are studying it now, but they are acting out of fear of losing something. If they decide to ban anything that falls under the European Union restrictions, it will be over 50%. The volume of trade in our country has fallen as much as it can in Kaliningrad. The cement and chemical industries, paints, paints, solvents, plasticizers will also suffer.
In agriculture, many elements of the chemical industry are used in food production. the lumber industry includes both furniture makers and wood and timber processing companies. Road trains and all rail freight that goes are thoroughly inspected, stopped and then a decision is made. It is long and expensive. “But there are no clear examination rules under which it is possible to predict something for a long time.”
Governor Anton Alikhanov also urged residents of the Kaliningrad region not to worry about Lithuania banning the transit of certain goods. He noted that this will not completely block the power supply and alternative routes have already been planned. However, there will be additional costs, says Georgy Vlastopulo, CEO of Optimal Logistics: “First of all, we are talking about construction products. To date, restrictions have not affected road transport – trucks continue to go to Kaliningrad via Lithuania, this is the first route.
The second is by sea from the port of Ust-Luga to the port of Baltiysk. There are now three ships working there plus a container carrier, but it can board about 500 teus, which is equivalent to a 20-foot container, and about 30-40 cargo trucks. Considering that 100 trains passed per month, each of which had an average of 50 wagons and the cargo capacity of one was about 60 tons, it can be estimated that the volume that followed the railway line does not compare with the road and the sea.
With the introduction of the fifth package of sanctions, there was a passage clause in Kaliningrad. In 2002, an agreement was signed between Russia and the European Union on a special zone in the Kaliningrad region, and in 2003, Lithuania allowed trains to run on its territory. In any case, restoration work is underway at the border crossings and trucks have long been queuing to enter Kaliningrad. As for the service of the ship, there is simply not enough capacity.
It is said that another ship will depart in September, but in any case this will not replace the volume of transit that was by rail. It seems to me that the issue will be resolved in the style of political negotiation. The Russian authorities can respond in the mirror and prohibit all Lithuanian air carriers from entering the country, as their transit through the Russian Federation and the transport services provided by Lithuania for the transport of goods here constitute a fairly significant part of its GDP. democracy, that would be a serious answer.
Last week, United Russia State Duma deputy Yevgeny Fedorov also unveiled a bill to withdraw recognition of Lithuania’s independence. In Vilnius, such a step was considered a threat and the Russian ambassador was summoned. At the same time, the Kremlin said it was unfamiliar with the lawmaker’s initiative.
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