Kidney stones are not uncommon. According to numerous studies, the prevalence of urolithiasis in the world is 3.5-9.6%. Traditionally, inflammatory processes and a series of failures in the body are blamed for the development of pathology. Doctors also note that there are cases where ordinary foods act as provocateurs.
“Every individual’s metabolism is individual, but it obeys the general laws of the functioning of living systems: the amount of energy consumed with food and water must be in balance with the energy expenditure. “If a person eats too much or starves and still has bad habits (smoking, alcohol, stress, radiation), then this will eventually lead to disease and premature aging of the body,” he notes. Candidate of Medical Sciences, doctor-therapist, cardiologist Azizkhon Askarov.
According to the doctor, high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, peptic ulcer, joints (including gout), urolithiasis and gallstones have become diseases of civilization.
“Kidney stone formation is a complex multi-stage process: first, microcrystallization, which leads to the appearance of small stones, followed by the growth of large stones (stones) with the development of kidney failure and complications,” says therapist Askarov.
Why do stones form?
There are several reasons why kidney stones can form, he says general practitioner, therapist, nutritionist Anna Roenkova. Among the most common factors that increase the risk of urolithiasis (UCD):
- burdened heredity according to the ICD,
- urinary tract infections,
- excess uric acid
- parathyroid disease,
- lack of fluids.
“At the same time, a lot depends on what a person eats and drinks,” he said.
What food causes the problem?
According to Anna Roenkova, excess salt, meat, sucrose and fructose in the body, as well as vitamins C and D (in large doses) become key factors in the formation of kidney stones.
“Excessive consumption of table salt sharply increases the formation of stones, retains fluid in the body, causes a violation of the normal excretion of urine and the deposition of salts. Also, the more sodium in food, the more calcium is eliminated. 6 grams of salt remove 24-40 mg of calcium. And daily consumption of just 1 extra gram of salt leads to an additional loss of 1% of body bone mass. “Remember, there must be a measure,” notes Anna Roenkova.
Alcohol and carbonated beverages contain phosphoric acid, which causes changes in the urinary system and contributes to the development of chronic kidney disease and the formation of stones, says therapist Roenkova.
You also need to be careful with the grass. “And healthy foods can be harmful if consumed in excessive amounts on a regular basis. Here we are talking about options such as spinach, sorrel, celery and parsley. “These products contain oxalates of oxalic acid, which disrupts the normal excretion of salts from the body and contributes to the development of stone formation in the kidneys and bladder,” explains Anna Roenkova.
Meat is also a dangerous food. “When we eat large portions of meat on a daily basis, the amount of uric acid and calcium in the urine increases. “They are quite difficult to excrete from the body and often cause urolithiasis,” explains the expert. And he emphasizes once again: this does not mean that it is urgent to refuse such food. Just one measure is mandatory in everything – the main thing is to ensure the right variety of products and bring your diet in balance.
Complications of ICD
Azizkhon Askarov notes that it is necessary to carefully monitor both your condition and your diet. You should not ignore the advice of doctors for proper nutrition, because kidney stones are not only painful. They also lead to the development of serious complications. “Urolithiasis is manifested not only by unpleasant pain and urinary disorders, but can also lead to complications in the form of renal hypertension, inflammation and perforation of the kidney (hydronephrosis), a systemic inflammatory process with an adverse outcome,” warns Askarov.
The expert advises you to follow three simple rules:
- Lead a healthy lifestyle – selected diet, proper drink, moderate physical activity,
- Schedule a pre-scheduled screening test – a general blood and urine test every 2 years, a biochemical blood test to assess kidney function (urea, creatinine, uric acid) by calculating glomerular filtration rate,
- At the first symptoms of the disease (aching pain or discomfort in the sides of the back, impaired urination, discoloration of the urine), consult a doctor in time for advice and treatment.
It is worth remembering that any disease is better prevented than cured. In addition, the pathology of the kidneys in the early stages progresses unnoticed. And to understand that stones have appeared, you can already, along with pain and problems with urination.