Roslesinforg named Primorye one of the leaders in reforestation. The area of coastal forests is growing faster than in other parts of the Russian Federation, and of course, the department said. However, according to coastal ecologists, the actual statistics are much sadder. SEE.RU.
According to the Primorsky Ministry of Forests and Wildlife Protection of the region, in 2021, reforestation took place on an area of 14,074 hectares, of which 831 hectares were artificial reforestation, during which more than 3 million saplings were planted. The main type of reforestation continues to be natural. Foresters do not plant trees, but create the conditions to restore the plantings in a natural way – they take care of the undergrowth.
As Alexander Olifirenko, a well-known ecologist in the area and a candidate of biological sciences, director of the ANO “Center for Environmental Initiatives” commented in the agency, in fact, we are talking about undergrowth at the site of logging: , a method of preserving the hummus during logging and indicate this number.
“A paradoxical fact: in the Primorsky Territory, the value of the index of the total reforestation area is increasing every year, which is brought to the attention of the Moscow authorities. However, if you take a closer look, it turns out that 93% of this volume is represented by the so-called promotion of natural reforestation due to the preservation of hammocks or soil mineralization. This “help” takes place exclusively in today’s logging areas and consists in the fact that the uprooted, broken, without protective canopy is not intentionally torn. So who needs it? The Chinese do not accept it yet. Tearing of the ground cover along the sliding paths of cut wood is calculated as mineralization. These trails after the recording are visible from the aircraft in most of the territory of our region. Thus, the increase in the rate of reforestation, visible on paper, reflects, in fact, only an increase in the rate of clean cutting, “said the expert.
In fact, these cleanups look like after a nuclear war.
In the so-called natural reforestation no valuable species are preserved, the weed species block them. And a complete forest in a few years does not appear at the site of felling.
The actual forest planting takes place annually in an area of about 1000 hectares. 1,000 acres new instead of 130,000 acres that were cut … Environmentalists are indignant about what excess reforestation versus loss can be discussed.
Most of the cuttings lead to deforestation – the most commercially valuable tree species are removed and essentially damaged forest areas remain. And such cuttings are not subject to reforestation at all, and are not counted in the loss of forests, although in reality, of course, they are, experts say.
Of the new plantations, almost half survive at the stage of transfer to the forest, since all these forest plantations are created with the principle of “stick and forget”. Their care is practically not carried out – the procedures are expensive. The result of reforestation should be a growing forest – transfer to a forest area and not reforestation measures. There is practically no transfer to the forest area.
In the last two years, the situation has improved somewhat, the expert noted: lease agreements that are unprofitable for the state are being replaced by the auction for the sale of upright timber for sufficient money, which has made it possible to increase the collection for the use of forest resources by 10 times. As a result of the new policy of the Ministry of Forests, the salaries of foresters were finally increased, money appeared for the purchase of new equipment and artificial restoration of forests. After all, the tenants just cut down the forest and leave. But the volume of artificial plantings is catastrophically small – only 831 hectares in 2021.
It is simply unrealistic to overcome such a deep crisis in the timber industry in 2 years, says the expert.
“At the current rate of reforestation, even if the clearing is completely stopped and there are no natural disasters and forest fires, the closure of the reforestation fund in Primorye (125.2 thousand hectares) will occur no earlier than 1,500 years.” – says Alexander Olifirenko.